echeveria

Dubi Echeveria Perle von Nurnberg

Hotuna - Wikimedia / Karl Thomas Moore // Echeveria 'Perle von Nurnberg'

Succulents na jinsi echeveria suna da daraja, ta yadda mutum zai yi tunanin cewa furanni ne da kansu, ko da yake su ma suna samar da su. Ganyensa suna da launi sosai, kuma kamar yadda suke kuma suna da kyawawan siffofi, da kyau… kowa zai iya fada cikin soyayya da su;).

Abu ne mai sauki a sayi daya ko biyu kuma ba da daɗewa ba za a sami ƙarin. Amma Shin kun san yadda suke kula da kansu? Gaskiyar ita ce ba su da wahala, amma dole ne ku yi taka tsantsan don kada ku wuce haɗarin, tunda tushen su ba zai tallafa masa ba.

Asali da halaye na Echeveria

Dubawar Echeveria runyonii Topsy turvy

Hoton - Wikimedia / Karl Thomas Moore // Echeveria runyonii 'Topsy Turvy'

The Echeveria Ganyen ganye ne, tsirrai na tsirrai, yawanci ba tare da akwati / tushe, da masu maye ba 'yan asalin kudu maso yammacin Amurka, Mexico, Amurka ta Tsakiya, da arewacin Kudancin Amurka. Suna rayuwa a cikin yankuna masu bushewa da matsakaici, amma akwai wasu waɗanda ake samu a cikin yanayin yanayin sauyin yanayi.

Suna da halin samar da rosettes na ganye wanda watakila ko bazai tsiro daga tushe mai ƙarancin rassa ko kaɗan ba. Waɗannan ganyayyaki na jiki ne, an shimfide su, tare da gefunan santsi da launuka masu launuka daga kore zuwa ruwan hoda, ta hanyar launin shuɗi, ko launin shuɗi (alal misali, kore mai launi mai ruwan hoda). An haɗu da furannin a cikin inflorescences, kuma suna da tubular conical, ruwan hoda, ja, fari, kore ko lemu mai launi.

Ire-iren Echeveria

Halittar ta ƙunshi wasu nau'ikan 393, waɗanda ke biye sune mafi mashahuri:

Echeveria agavoides

Echeveria agavoides ya shahara sosai

hoto - Flickr / Stephen Boisvert

Shine asalin ƙasar Meziko, musamman na San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo, Guanajuato da Durango. Matakan tsakanin 7 zuwa 15 santimita a diamita kuma kimanin 8 zuwa 12 santimita a tsayi. Ba shi da tushe. Ganyayyaki masu kusurwa uku ne, kore ne, masu kaifi sosai, launuka ja fiye da sauran nau'ikan. Tana fitar da furanni masu launin hoda, lemu ko ja waɗanda ke tsirowa daga tushe har zuwa santimita 50.

Labari mai dangantaka:
Echeveria agavoides fayil

Echeveria elegans

Eleveans na Echeveria suna da kyau

Hoton - Wikimedia / Stephen Boisvert

An san shi da alabaster fure, ƙwallon dusar ƙanƙara na Mexico ko farin fure na Mexico, tsiro ne na ƙasar Meziko wanda ya kai tsawon santimita 50 da tsayi daga santimita 5 zuwa 10, ba tare da tushe ba. Ganyen ta koren shuɗi ne, kuma tana ba da furanni masu ruwan hoda.

Labari mai dangantaka:
Echeveria elegans

Cikakken haske

Kallon glauca na Echeveria

Hoton - Wikimedia / Karl Thomas Moore

A yau sunansa na kimiyya Yi hankali. Yana tsiro a Mexico, kuma yayi girma zuwa diamita na santimita 20 kuma tsayinsa yakai centimita 10. Ganyayyaki suna da kyalli, kuma an haɗa furannin a cikin inflorescences kimanin santimita 30 masu tsayi kuma mai launi ja ko lemu.

Launi mai haske

Kallon Echeveria lilacina

An san shi da fatalwa echeveria, tsiro ne na Nuevo León, a Mexico. Yana girma tsakanin 12 zuwa 25 santimita a diamita da kusan santimita 15 a tsayi. Ganyayyaki shuɗi ne na shuɗi, kuma yana samar da ruwan hoda mai ɗanɗano ko furanni murjani wanda ya tsiro daga tushe mai inci 15.

Cikakken tunani

Setchesa na Echeveria yana da kyau

Hoton - Wikimedia / Cody Hough

Wannan tsiro ne na yankuna masu tsaunuka na Puebla, a Mexico. Yana girma zuwa diamita na kusan santimita 12 kuma tsayinsa tsakanin 7 zuwa 15 santimita. Ganyayyaki masu launin kore ne, an kiyaye su da gajerun farare 'gashin' su. Furannin suna ja, kuma suna tsiro a kan tushe har zuwa santimita 20.

Menene kulawar Echeveria?

Idan kana son samun kwafi, muna bada shawara cewa ka samar dashi da kulawa kamar haka:

Yanayi

Su shuke-shuke ne cewa dole ne su kasance a waje. Ina ba ku shawara da ku ba su hasken rana kai tsaye muddin kuka saba da su kadan -kadan, amma idan suna cikin yanki mai haske suma za su yi nishaɗi 😉.

Tierra

  • Tukunyar fure: don kauce wa matsaloli tare da yawan danshi, ya fi dacewa a yi amfani da matattun yashi kamar su pumice misali. Wani zaɓi shine don haɗa kayan kwalliyar duniya (don siyarwa a nan) tare da perlite (na siyarwa) a nan) a cikin sassan daidai, amma dole ne ku ƙara sarrafa haɗarin.
  • Aljanna.

Watse

Arananan. Dole ne ku bar ƙasar ta bushe tsakanin waterings. Gabaɗaya, lokacin bazara, idan ya yi zafi kuma ya bushe sosai, za a shayar da shi sau ɗaya ko wataƙila sau biyu a mako; sauran shekara duk kwana 10 ko makamancin haka. A lokacin hunturu wata -wata yana iya wadatarwa.

Idan kuna da shi a cikin tukunya tare da farantin ƙasa, cire ruwan da ya wuce minti 30 bayan shayar.

Mai Talla

Duba Echeveria pulvinata

Hoton - Wikimedia / Diego Delso // Fatan alheri

A lokacin bazara da bazara Yana da kyau a biya shi da takamaiman taki don cacti da sauran masu maye (don siyarwa a nan) bin umarnin zuwa harafi.

Yawaita

Echeveria yana ninka ta tsaba ko, mafi yawa akai -akai, ta ganye ko tsinke a bazara ko bazara.

Tsaba

Suna kanana kuma suna rasa saurin aiki cikin sauri, don haka da zarar kun karbe su Dole ne ku shuka su a cikin tukwane ko kayan kwalliyar ciyawa tare da kayan kwalliyar duniya waɗanda aka gauraya da 50% perlite, rufe su da wani bakin ciki na yashi kogin da aka wanke a baya, shayar da su sannan sanya su kusa da tushen zafi, a cikin inuwa kaɗan.

Ta wannan hanyar zasu tsiro cikin kimanin kwanaki 10.

Yankan

  • Takardar: Zai isa ya cire wasu lafiyayyun samari da yawa ko ƙasa da haka (dole ne su zama ba sababbi ba amma ba tsofaffi ba) sannan a sanya su a cikin tukwane tare da dunƙulen duniya wanda aka gauraya da perlite. Kuna iya rufe yankin inda asalinsu zasu girma kaɗan da ƙasa kaɗan, amma ba lallai bane ya zama dole.
    Saka su a cikin inuwa mai tsaka-tsakin kuma kiyaye ƙwayar a danshi Za ku ga cewa a cikin 'yan kwanaki kadan za su yi jijiya.
  • Kara: wasu Echeveria na iya ninka ta rarrabuwa mai tushe, kamar yadda Cikakken mandala. Yanke guda ɗaya, bari raunin ya bushe a cikin inuwa kaɗan na mako guda, sannan a dasa shi cikin tukunya. Ci gaba da danshi ƙasa, kuma cikin kusan makonni biyu, matsakaicin uku, zai fara fitar da tushen sa.

Annoba da cututtuka

Ba su yawanci suna da, amma kula da dodunan kodi da slugs: zasu iya fitar da ku daga shuka a cikin 'yan kwanaki! Kuna iya guje wa wannan ta hanyar sanya ƙasa mai ɗorewa (don sayarwa a nan) a kusa da su. Na halitta ne kuma Echeveria ba zata cutar da ku da komai ba.

Har ila yau, ya kamata ku sani idan duk wani mealybugs ko aphids suna kai masa hari, idan haka ne, zaku iya cire su da burushi da aka jiƙa a cikin giyar kantin magani.

Shuka lokaci ko dasawa

En primavera, lokacin da haɗarin sanyi ya wuce.

Idan kana da shi a cikin tukunya, dasa shi idan ka ga saiwarsa sun fito ta ramin magudanar ruwa, da / ko kuma lokacin da ka ga ashe ya lalace sosai (ya rasa launi, ko kuma tushen asalin duk asalinsa ne).

Rusticity

Su shuke-shuke ne zuwa wane ba sa son sanyi sosai. Mafi ƙarancin zafin jiki bai zama ƙasa da digiri 0 ba, kodayake akwai wasu da ke yin tsayayya da rauni da sanyi na lokaci-lokaci har zuwa -2ºC, kamar E. elegans, e.mandala, E. pulvinata, ko E. goge baki.

Idan ba ku son yin amfani da dama, ku ajiye su a cikin wani greenhouse ko cikin gida a cikin ɗaki mai haske kuma nesa da zane -zane har sai bazara ta dawo.

View na Echeveria laui

Hoton - Wikimedia / Salicyna // echeveria laui

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