Giant Cardon (Pachycereus pringlei)

Duba Pachycereus pringlei a cikin mazaunin

Hoto - Wikimedia /tomascastelazo

El Pachycereus Pringlei Yana ɗayan cacti mafi sauƙi don kulawa, kuma ɗayan ɗayan da yayi kama da Carnegiea gigantea (saguaro). A zahiri, ba sabon abu bane a ruɗe su lokacin da suka manyanta, amma lokacin ƙuruciya… lokacin ƙuruciya wani labari ne 🙂.

Saurin haɓakarsa ba wai yana da girma sosai ba, amma tsirrai ne da za ku ga sun fi girma daga shekara zuwa shekara. Amma kuma yana hana tsaunin sanyi mai rauni ba tare da ya lalace ba, shi yasa Yana da nau'in mafi ban sha'awa ga lambun xero.

Asali da halaye na Pachycereus Pringlei

An san shi azaman cardon, katon katako ko saguesa, wannan Cactus ne na Baja California da Sonora a Meksiko, da kuma arewacin Argentina. Sunan kimiyya shine Pachycereus Pringlei, mai suna bayan Sereno Watson, Nathaniel Lord Britton da Joseph Nelson Rose a 1987 don girmama Cyrus Pringlei.

Zai iya kaiwa tsayin mita 19, tare da akwati har zuwa mita 1 a diamita., kodayake abu na al'ada shine a cikin noman bai wuce mita 6-7 a tsayi ba. Tushensa yana girma kusan gaba ɗaya madaidaiciya, kuma yana kunshe da haƙarƙarin haƙora a ƙarshensu manyan, m, areoles tare da ɗan gajeren gashin launin ruwan toka mai launin toka. Ƙunƙwasawa suna fitowa daga areolas a cikin adadin 20, kuma suna da ja ko launin ruwan kasa mai duhu launin toka; masu radial suna auna tsakanin 2 da 3cm a tsayi, kuma na tsakiya (1 ko 2) suna auna har zuwa santimita 5 kuma sun fi ƙarfi.

Blooms a lokacin rani, amma fa idan samfurin yakai aƙalla mita 3-4. Furannin suna da siffa mai siffa kuma suna auna tsawon 5 zuwa 8,5cm. Su jajaye ne a waje da fari a ciki. Suna tsiro daga saman murtsunguwar murtsunguwa, amma kuma suna iya toho daga ƙananan tushe.

Menene damuwarsu?

Tsinkayen Pachycereus pringlei suna da tsawo

Hoton - Wikimedia / Krzysztof Golik

Yanayi

El Pachycereus Pringlei ya zama a waje, cikin cikakken rana. Koyaya, a cikin gandun daji galibi ana ajiye shi a cikin inuwa, musamman idan yana ƙuruciya, don haka kada ku yi jinkirin sanya shi ɗan kariya daga sarkin tauraro kuma sannu a hankali ku saba da shi. Ta wannan hanyar, zaku hana shi ƙonewa.

Tierra

  • Tukunyar fure: Dole ne ya zama mai raɗaɗi don magudanar ruwa mai kyau. Haɗa substrate na duniya tare da perlite a cikin sassan daidai, amma idan kuna iya samun pumice (akan siyarwa a nan), akadama (na siyarwa) a nan), ko ma tsakuwa mai kyau (1-3mm) mafi kyau.
  • Aljanna: duk daya. Idan ƙasa tana da haɗarin haɗewa, yi rami kusan 50cm x 50cm (fi dacewa 1m x 1m), kuma cika shi da abubuwan da aka ambata a sama.

Watse

Maimakon haka wanda bai isa ba. Cactus ce da ke jin tsoron zubar ruwa, wanda shine dalilin da ya sa dole a bar ƙasa ko substrate ta bushe gaba ɗaya kafin a sake shayar da ita.

Idan kuna da shi a cikin tukunya, tabbatar cewa yana da ramukan magudanar ruwa. Idan kuna da farantin ƙasa, cire ruwan da ya wuce 30 mintuna bayan shayar don hana tushen ya ruɓe.

Labari mai dangantaka:
Ta yaya zan sani idan murtsunguwa na rubewa?

Lokacin shayarwa, kar a jiƙa murtsunguwa, ƙasa kawai.

Mai Talla

An ba da shawarar sosai a biya shi daga farkon bazara zuwa ƙarshen bazara tare da taki don cactus (na siyarwa a nan) bin alamomin da aka ƙayyade akan kunshin.

Yawaita

Babban katon yana ninka ta tsaba da yankewa a bazara-bazara. Bari mu san yadda za a ci gaba a kowane yanayi:

Tsaba

Duba 'ya'yan itacen Pachycereus pringlei

Hoton - Wikimedia / Mai ɗaukar hoto

Tsaba na cacti ƙanana ne, kuma waɗanda ke cikin wannan nau'in ba banda bane. Don gujewa rasa su, muna ba da shawara cewa suna cikin ɗakin da aka rufe don kada iska ta ɗauke su. Daga baya, ya kamata kawai ka bi wannan mataki mataki:

  1. Na farko, cika tukunya tare da substrate na duniya (don siyarwa a nan) tare da perlite (na siyarwa) a nan) a cikin sassan daidai.
  2. Ruwa da sanin yakamata.
  3. Sa'an nan shuka da tsaba, kokarin kada su yi tara.
  4. A ƙarshe, rufe su da ƙaramin abin rufe fuska, kuma sake sake ruwa a wannan karon tare da fesawa.

Yanzu kawai dole ne ku sanya tukunya a waje, a cikin inuwa mai duhu, kuma ku sanya substrate danshi amma ba ambaliya. Ta haka za su tsiro cikin kusan kwanaki 15.

Yankan

Ita ce hanya mafi sauri don samun sabon kwafin Pachycereus Pringlei. Don yin wannan, abin da ake yi shi ne yanke yanki kimanin 30cm, bari raunin ya bushe na kimanin kwanaki 7-10, sannan a dasa shi (kada ku ƙusa shi) a cikin tukunya da kunci ko makamancin haka.

Kuna iya yi wa tushen cuttings ciki tare da tushen hormones (don siyarwa Babu kayayyakin samu.) kafin dasa shuki don taimaka masa ya yi tushe da sauri, amma ba lallai ba ne.

Annoba da cututtuka

Kuna iya tunanin cewa da waɗannan ƙayayuwa da yake da su, ba shi da abokan gaba, amma yana da su. Dole ne a kiyaye shi daga katantanwa, da kuma yawan shan ruwa.

Don hana mollusks zaka iya amfani diatomaceous duniya (a sayarwa) Babu kayayyakin samu.), a gefe guda, don guje wa ƙarshen, dole ne ku sarrafa abubuwan sha da yawa, ku bar ƙasa ta bushe kuma, idan akwai shakku, duba yanayin zafi na substrate.

Rusticity

Duba Pachycereus pringlei

Tsayayya mara ƙarfi frosts har zuwa -3ºC, idan dai sun kasance na gajere kuma suna kan lokaci.

Me kuka yi tunani game da Pachycereus Pringlei?


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