Choyikapo nyali Aloe (Aloe arborescens)

Aloe arborescens amalimbana ndi chilala

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Nikodem Nijaki

Kodi mukufuna chomera chokoma chomwe mungagwiritse ntchito ngati tchinga? Kodi mumakonda maluwa okongola kwambiri omwe amakopa chidwi chanu? Ngati mwayankha inde ku limodzi la mafunso awiriwa, kapena onse awiri, muli ndi mwayi: pali mtundu womwe mumawukondadi. Dzina lake ndi Aloe arborescens.

Chomerachi chimakhala ndi zokongoletsa kwambiri. Sikuti ingangogwiritsidwa ntchito pogawa njira, komanso itha kusintha mosavuta kukhala mumphika. Ndipo ngati sizinali zokwanira, kulimbana chilala ndi ena chisanu.

Chiyambi ndi mawonekedwe a Aloe arborescens

Maonekedwe a Aloe arborescens

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Ton Rulkens waku Mozambique

Amadziwika kuti chomera cha octopus, candelabra aloe, candelabra, savila kapena acíbar, ndi mtundu wa aloe wobadwira ku Africa, makamaka, gombe lakumwera chakum'mawa, kuyambira kunyanja kupita kumapiri.

Amakhala ngati shrub, wokhala ndi nkhokwe ndipo nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi tsinde limodzi. Masamba ake amakula mu rosettes, amakhala ochepera patatu, onenepa, okhala ndi malire osanjikizika komanso wonyezimira wobiriwira.

Masango a maluwa amatha masentimita 20 mpaka 30, ndipo amaphuka kuchokera ku zimayambira pafupifupi 50 mpaka 70 cm. Maluwawo ndi ofiira kwambiri a lalanje komanso ma tubular. Zipatsozo ndi makapisozi owuma omwe amateteza mbewu zambiri.

Kutalika kwake konse kumakhala mpaka 4 mita, ngakhale chinthu chabwinobwino ndikuti sichidutsa mamitala awiri polima.

Kodi mukusamalidwa bwanji?

Ngati mungayerekeze kukhala ndi buku lanu, muyenera kudziwa chisamaliro chomwe likufunika kuti likhale bwino. Mphunzitsi aliyense ali ndi kabuku kake, ndipo kutengera momwe zinthu zilili kuderalo zimasiyana. Koma, pang'ono kapena pang'ono, kuti ndikupatseni lingaliro, ndikupangira izi:

Malo

El Aloe arborescens Amakula modabwitsa panja, padzuwa. Mu theka-mthunzi mwina, koma si malo ake abwino. Kukula kwake m'malo awa ndikosauka: masamba ake samakula mwamphamvu.

Ngati mukufuna kukhala nayo pansi, iyenera kukhala pamtunda wa pafupifupi mita imodzi kuchokera pamakoma ndi makoma, komanso kuzomera zina zomwe zimakhala zazitali mofanana kapena zazikulu.

Dziko lapansi

Maluwa a Aloe arborescens ndi ofiira ofiira

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Francabel

Zimatengera komwe mudzakhale:

  • Poto wamaluwa: mutha kugwiritsa ntchito gawo lonse lapansi (pogulitsa Apa) wothira perlite mofanana. Njira ina yotsika mtengo ndikusakaniza miyala yabwino (thumba la 25kg ndilofunika 1 mpaka 2 euros, ngakhale zochepa) ndi peat wakuda 30-40%.
  • Munda: Amamera m'nthaka yamchenga, yokhala ndi ngalande zabwino. Kuchokera pazochitikira zanga ndikukuuzani kuti siziyenda bwino kwa iwo omwe alibe zakudya m'thupi.

Kuthirira

Candelabra ndi yokoma yomwe imagonjetsedwa kwambiri ndi chilala, koma m'malo mwake, imawopa madzi owonjezera. Poganizira izi, kuwonjezera pakuwonetsetsa kuti gawo lapansi kapena nthaka ili ndi ngalande zabwino, tiyenera kuyesa kuthirira pokhapokha pakufunika kutero. Ndipo ndi liti pamenezo? Yankho lalifupi ndilo nthaka ikauma kwathunthu.

Kuti mudziwe ngati ndi choncho, mutha kuyika ndodo yopyapyala pansi monga: ngati ituluka yoyera kapena yoyera mukayitulutsa, ndi chizindikiro kuti yakwana nthawi yothirira. Komabe, kuti mudziwe bwino nthawi yomwe mumasewera komanso pomwe simuyenera kuchita, muyenera kudziwa kuti moyenera ndikuthirira kamodzi kapena kawiri pa sabata nthawi yachilimwe ndipo tsiku limodzi mpaka 10 mpaka 15 chaka chonse chokwanira ndikwanira.

Zachidziwikire, mukamwetsa madzi, thirani madzi mpaka nthaka ili yonyowa kwambiri. Ndipo ngati muli nacho mumphika ndi mbale pansi, chotsani madzi owonjezera mphindi 30 mutathirira.

Wolembetsa

M'miyezi yonse yotentha ya chaka ndizosangalatsa kulipira ndi feteleza wa zokoma (zogulitsa Apakutsatira kutsatira zomwe zafotokozedwazo.

Kuchulukitsa kwa Aloe arborescens

Imachulukitsa ndi mbewu ndi mdulidwe masika kapena chilimwe:

Mbewu

Mbeu zimayikidwa pamagawo okhetsedwa bwino, ndikuwayika pang'ono kotero kuti sawululidwa kwambiri. Kenako, bedi la mbewu limayikidwa panja, mumthunzi wochepa koma m'malo okhala ndi kuwala kochuluka.

Kusunga gawo lapansi lonyowa (koma osasefukira) limera pafupifupi masiku 15.

Zodula

Ndiyo njira yachangu kwambiri yopezera makope atsopano. Za icho, Muyenera kudula nthambi, chiloleni chilonda chiume kwa sabata, kenako ndikuchiyika mumphika ndi, mwachitsanzo, chisakanizo cha miyala yoyera yokhala ndi peat yakuda magawo ofanana.

Kuyika mumthunzi wochepa, kapena ngakhale padzuwa ngati kuli masika, imazika pafupifupi masiku 20.

Miliri ndi matenda

Maonekedwe a Aloe arborescens

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Stan Dalone & Miran Rijavec

Kawirikawiri, Ndizovuta kwambiri. Muyenera kuyesa kuti musadutse pamadzi kuti bowa isawononge, komanso muteteze ku nkhono nthawi yamvula.

Nkhani yowonjezera:
Chilichonse chomwe muyenera kudziwa chothirira ma succulents

Kudulira

Mutha kuyidulira ngati kuli kofunikira kutero kumayambiriro kwa masika.

Kukhazikika

Amakana mpaka -4ºC.

Kodi ndi chiyani?

Ili ndi ntchito zingapo:

Zokongoletsera

Ndi chomera chokongoletsa kwambiri, abwino kukulira miphika ndi / kapena minda. Imalimbana ndi chilala, kutentha kwambiri komanso chisanu chofooka. Pazonsezi, imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri kukongoletsa malo okhala ndi nyengo yotentha, komwe kumagwa mvula yochepa.

Mankhwala Aloe arborescens

Gawani zina mwazinthu za Aloe vera. Chifukwa chake, zamkati zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati machiritso ndi maantibayotiki, choncho ndi mankhwala abwino achilengedwe azilonda zazing'ono komanso zopsa. Kuphatikiza apo, zimakuthandizani kusamalira khungu, kulisungunuka komanso, ngati ziphuphu zimachitika.

Mungagule kuti?

Mutha kuzipeza kumaresitanti ndi m'masitolo, komanso apa:


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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