echeveria

Onani za Echeveria Perle von Nurnberg

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Karl Thomas Moore // Echeveria 'Perle von Nurnberg'

Ma succulents amtunduwu echeveria ndi amtengo wapatali, moti munthu angaganize kuti ndi maluwa okha, ngakhale kuti nawonso amawatulutsa. Masamba ake ndi okongola kwambiri, komanso ali ndi maonekedwe okongola kwambiri, chabwino ... aliyense akhoza kugwa m'chikondi nawo;).

Ndikosavuta kugula imodzi kapena ziwiri ndipo posakhalitsa mudzakhala nazo zingapo. Koma Kodi mumadziwa momwe mungawasamalire? Chowonadi ndichakuti sizili zovuta, koma muyenera kusamala kuti musapitirire pachiwopsezo, chifukwa mizu yawo sichingachilimbikitse.

Chiyambi ndi mawonekedwe a Echeveria

Onani wa Echeveria runyonii Topsy turvy

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Karl Thomas Moore // Echeveria runyonii 'Topsy Turvy'

Echeveria Ndizomera zobiriwira, zosatha, nthawi zambiri zopanda thunthu / tsinde, ndi zokoma kwawo kumwera chakumadzulo kwa United States, Mexico, Central America, ndi kumpoto kwa South America. Amakhala m'malo ouma komanso ouma kwambiri, koma pali ena omwe amapezeka m'malo otentha.

Amadziwika ndi pangani ma rosettes a masamba omwe atha kapena osatuluka pa tsinde ndi nthambi zochepa kapena zopanda nthambi. Masambawa ndi ofewa, osalala, okhala ndi masamba osalala ndi mitundu kuyambira wobiriwira mpaka pinki, kudzera mumtambo wabuluu, kapena bicolor (mwachitsanzo, wobiriwira wokhala ndi masamba a pinki). Maluwawo amakhala m'magulu a inflorescence, ndipo amakhala ndi ma tubular ophatikizana, pinki, ofiira, oyera, obiriwira kapena lalanje.

Mitundu ya Echeveria

Mtunduwu uli ndi mitundu 393, ndipo zotsatirazi ndizodziwika kwambiri:

Zolemba za Echeveria

Echeveria agavoides ndi otchuka kwambiri

chithunzi - Flickr / Stephen Boisvert

Ndi chomera cha ku Mexico, makamaka ku San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo, Guanajuato ndi Durango. Miyeso pakati pa 7 mpaka 15 sentimita m'mimba mwake komanso pafupifupi 8 mpaka 12 sentimita kutalika. Alibe tsinde. Masambawo ndi amtundu wachinayi, wobiriwira, ndi nsonga yakuthwa kwambiri, yofiira kwambiri kuposa mitundu ina yonse. Zimapanga pinki, lalanje kapena maluwa ofiira omwe amaphuka kuchokera pa tsinde la 50 sentimita.

Zolemba za Echeveria
Nkhani yowonjezera:
Echeveria agavoides fayilo

Zilumba za Echeveria

Elegans a Echeveria ndi abwino

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Stephen Boisvert

Amadziwika kuti alabaster rose, chipale chofewa ku Mexico kapena duwa loyera laku Mexico, ndi chomera ku Mexico chomwe imakula mpaka masentimita 50 m'lifupi ndi masentimita 5 mpaka 10 wamtali, wopanda tsinde. Masamba ake ndi obiriwira obiriwira, ndipo amatulutsa maluwa apinki.

Echeveria elegans ndi abwino omwe amapanga rosettes ya masamba
Nkhani yowonjezera:
Zilumba za Echeveria

echeveria glauca

Onani za Echeveria glauca

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Karl Thomas Moore

Lero dzina lake lasayansi ndi echeveria secunda. Ndizofala ku Mexico, ndipo imakula mpaka m'mimba mwake masentimita 20 komanso kutalika mpaka masentimita 10. Masambawo ndi owala kwambiri, ndipo maluwawo amakhala m'magulu a inflorescence pafupifupi masentimita 30 kutalika ndi kufiyira kapena lalanje.

echeveria lilac

Onani za Echeveria lilacina

Amadziwika kuti mzimu echeveria, ndi chomeracho ku Nuevo León, ku Mexico. Imakula pakati pa masentimita 12 mpaka 25 m'mimba mwake ndi pafupifupi masentimita 15 kutalika. Masamba ake ndi otumbululuka buluu, ndipo amatulutsa maluwa otumbululuka a pinki kapena matanthwe omwe amaphuka kuchokera ku zimayambira mainchesi 15.

setosa echeveria

Echeveria setosa ndi yokoma

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Cody Hough

Ndi chomera chachilengedwe cha kumapiri a Puebla, ku Mexico. Imakula mpaka m'mimba mwake pafupifupi masentimita 12 komanso kutalika pakati pa masentimita 7 mpaka 15. Masamba ndi obiriwira, otetezedwa ndi 'tsitsi' lalifupi kwambiri. Maluwawo ndi ofiira, ndipo amaphuka pa zimayambira mpaka 20 sentimita.

Kodi chisamaliro cha Echeveria ndi chiani?

Ngati mukufuna kukhala nayo, tikukulimbikitsani kuti mupereke chisamaliro chotsatirachi:

Malo

Ndiwo mbewu zomwe akuyenera kukhala kunja. Ndikukulangizani kuti muwapatse kuwala kwa dzuwa bola ngati mungazolowere pang'ono ndi pang'ono, koma ngati ali pamalo owala bwino amakalanso apamwamba 😉.

Dziko lapansi

  • Poto wamaluwa: Pofuna kupewa mavuto ndi chinyezi chowonjezera, ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito magawo amchenga monga pumice mwachitsanzo. Njira ina ndikusakaniza gawo lonse lapansi (pogulitsa Apa) ndi perlite (yogulitsa Apa) magawo ofanana, koma muyenera kuwongolera zoopsa kwambiri.
  • Munda: Pokumbukira kuti ndizomera zazing'ono, zidzakwanira kupanga dzenje pafupifupi 50cm x 50cm, mudzaze ndi gawo lina lomwe tatchulali ndikuzibzala.

Kuthirira

Zosowa. Muyenera kuti nthaka iume pakati pa madzi. Nthawi zambiri, nthawi yotentha, ikatentha komanso youma kwambiri, imathiriridwa kamodzi kapena kawiri pamlungu; chaka chonse masiku khumi aliwonse kapena apo. M'nyengo yozizira kuthirira mwezi uliwonse kumatha kukhala kokwanira.

Mukakhala kuti mumphika ndi mbale pansi pake, chotsani madzi ochulukirapo mphindi 30 mutathirira.

Wolembetsa

Onani za Echeveria pulvinata

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Diego Delso // Echeveria pulvinata

M'nthawi yamasika ndi yotentha Ndikofunika kuti mupange feteleza ndi feteleza winawake wa cacti ndi zina zokoma (zogulitsa Apa) kutsatira malangizo ku kalatayo.

Kuchulukitsa

Echeveria imachulukana ndi mbewu kapena, pafupipafupi, ndi masamba kapena timitengo todula masika kapena chilimwe.

Mbewu

Ndi ochepa kwambiri ndipo amataya mwayi mwachangu, mukangowalandira Muyenera kuwabzala m'miphika kapena m'mipando ya mmera ndi gawo lapansi lophatikizidwa ndi 50% perlite, muphimbe ndi mchenga wamchere wosanjikiza womwe udatsukidwa kale, uwathirire ndikuwayika pafupi ndi malo otentha, mumthunzi wochepa.

Mwanjira imeneyi zimera pafupifupi masiku khumi.

Zodula

  • Mapepala: Zikhala zokwanira kuchotsa masamba athanzi komanso ocheperako (sayenera kukhala atsopanowo koma osati akale kwambiri) ndikuwayika mumiphika ndi gawo lonse losakanikirana ndi perlite. Mutha kuphimba malo omwe mizu imera pang'ono ndi dothi laling'ono, koma sikofunikira kwenikweni.
    Ikani mumthunzi wochepa ndikusunga gawo lapansi lonyowa. Mudzawona kuti pakangopita masiku ochepa adzazika mizu.
  • Tsinde: Echeveria ina imatha kuchulukana ndikulekanitsa zimayambira, monga echeveria mandala. Dulani, lolani chilondacho chiume mthunzi umodzi kwa sabata, kenako mubzalemo mumphika. Sungani dothi lonyowa, ndipo pafupifupi milungu iwiri, kupitirira zitatu, liyamba kutulutsa mizu yake.

Miliri ndi matenda

Nthawi zambiri samakhala nawo, koma yang'anani fayilo ya Nkhono ndi ma slugs: atha kukutulutsani mmera m'masiku angapo! Mutha kupewa izi poika diatomaceous earth (yogulitsa Apa) mozungulira iwo. Ndi zachilengedwe ndipo Echeveria sangakuvulazeni konse.

Muyeneranso kudziwa ngati pali mealybugs kapena nsabwe za m'masamba zomwe zikuukira, ngati ndi choncho, mutha kuzichotsa ndi burashi yonyowa ndi mowa wamankhwala.

Nthawi yobzala kapena kubzala

En primavera, pamene chiopsezo chachisanu chatha.

Ngati muli nayo mumphika, yikani mukawona kuti mizu imatuluka kudzera m'mabowo, ndipo / kapena mukawona kuti gawo lapansi latayika kwambiri (lataya mtundu, kapena mizu yonse ndi mizu).

Kukhazikika

Ndiwo mbewu zomwe sakonda kuzizira kwambiri. Kutentha kotsika sikuyenera kukhala kotsika kuposa madigiri 0, ngakhale pali ena omwe amalimbana ndi chisanu chofooka komanso chosakhalitsa mpaka -2ºC, monga E. elegans, e.mandala, E. pulvinata, kapena E. polishedis.

Ngati simukufuna kutenga mwayi, sungani mu wowonjezera kutentha kapena m'nyumba m'nyumba yowala ndipo musakhale ndi zojambula mpaka kasupe ubwerere.

Onani za Echeveria laui

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Salicyna // echeveria laui

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