Chinyanja (Euphorbia aphylla)

Euphorbia aphylla ndi shrub yochokera kuzilumba za Canary

Chimodzi mwa zitsamba zabwino kwambiri zokhala ndi munda wamaluwa omwe samasamalidwa pang'ono ndi chomwe chimadziwika kuti Euphorbia aphylla. Ndi mitundu yopezeka kuzilumba za Canary, zomwe sizimakula kwambiri, komanso, zimatha kukhala ndi madzi ochepa.

Ngakhale kutentha sikukuvulaza, chifukwa chake ndizosangalatsa kukulitsa m'malo omwe kutentha kwake kumakweza kapena kukwera kwambiri. Ndipo ngakhale ilibe masamba, chisoti chake chimakhala ndi nthambi zocheperako kotero kuti ndichabwino kubzala zipatso zina pansi pake omwe amafunikira mthunzi, monga galaas kapena haworthias.

Kodi mawonekedwe a Euphorbia aphylla?

Euphorbia aphylla ndi shrub

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Olo72

Ichi ndi shrub chomwe imafika kutalika kwazitali mamita 2,5. Monga tinkayembekezera, nthambi zake za korona kwambiri ndipo zimatero kuchokera pansi, kusiya mitengo ikuluikulu. Gawo lakumwambali limapangidwa ndi zimayambira zobiriwira, zomwe zimayambitsa photosynthesis ndipo chifukwa chake, zimasintha mphamvu ya dzuwa kukhala chakudya chosungika.

Maluwawo ndi achikasu komanso ochepa kwambiri, pafupifupi awiri sentimita m'mimba mwake. Zomwe zimatulutsa euphorbia zimatchedwa cyatus, yomwe ndi inflorescence yomwe mawonekedwe ake amawoneka ngati a duwa limodzi, koma momwe mulinso angapo. Imabala mbewu, koma ndizovuta kuzipeza popeza ndizochepa ndipo, kuphatikiza pamenepo, zimakhalabe kanthawi kochepa.

Amadziwika kuti awning. Ndi mitundu, Euphorbia aphylla, adafotokozedwa mu 1809 ndi wazachilengedwe waku France a Pierre Marie Auguste Broussonet ndi Carl Ludwig Willdenow, ndipo adafalitsidwa mu »Enumeratio Plantarum Horti Botanici Berolinensis».

Chitsogozo cha chisamaliro cha awning

La Euphorbia aphylla ndi chomera chosavuta kusamalira. Sifunikira chisamaliro chapadera kuti chikule bwino, komanso kuwonjezera apo, imatha kupirira chilala, chifukwa chake siyenera kuthiriridwa pafupipafupi. Monga kuti sikokwanira, ndikulimbana ndi tizirombo ndi matenda, ngakhale izi sizitanthauza kuti sangakhale nazo.

Chifukwa chake, tikufuna kuti mudziwe zonse zomwe muyenera kuchita kuti mbeu yanu isakhale ndi mavuto:

Malo

Euphorbia aphylla ndi chomera cholimba

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Mike Peel

Ndi chomera chomwe iyenera kukhala poyang'ana dzuwa, ndichifukwa chake iyenera kukhala panja. Monga mukuwonera pazithunzi zomwe timakusonyezani, dzuwa limawala mwachindunji. Ndi zomwe wazolowera ndipo ndipomwe tiyenera kukhala naye.

Akadakhala mumthunzi kapena mthunzi wochepa sakanakula bwino. Nthambizo zinkagwada kuti ziwunikire kumene kunkawunika zinthu zina. Pachifukwa ichi tiyenera kuwonjezeranso kuti kusowa kwa kuwala kumapangitsa kuti photosynthesis ikhale yovuta kwambiri, ndichifukwa chake zimayambira zimatha kutaya mtundu ndi thanzi.

Nthaka kapena gawo lapansi

  • Poto wamaluwa: ndibwino kuti mudzaze ndi dothi la zipatso zokoma (zogulitsa Apa), yomwe ndi yopepuka ndipo imalola mizu kukula bwino.
  • Munda: nthaka iyenera kukhala yamchenga komanso yokwanira kukhetsa madzi; Mwanjira ina, ngati matope amapangidwa, amasefa mwachangu. Imamera pamiyala.

Kuthirira

Kodi mumamwa madzi kangati Euphorbia aphylla? Kangapo pamwezi. Ndi chomera chomwe akhoza kukhala ndi madzi pang'onokotero simusowa kuthirira madzi pafupipafupi. M'malo mwake, madzi ochulukirapo atha kukhala owopsa, chifukwa mizu siyingakhale yonyowa kwa nthawi yayitali, makamaka kusefukira madzi.

Chifukwa chake, kuti zisawonongeke, muyenera kudikirira kuti nthaka iume kotheratu, ndiyeno pokhapokha mutayambiranso. Itha kukhala kamodzi sabata iliyonse chilimwe, kapena masiku 20 aliwonse m'nyengo yozizira. Zimadalira kwambiri nyengo yakomweko komwe mumakhala. Ngati mukukayika, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito mita yachinyezi (monga izi) zomwe zimayikidwa mumphika zidzakuwuzani ngati zanyowa kapena zowuma.

Wolembetsa

Ngati mudzabzala pansi, sichiyenera kompositi. Koma Ngati ikakhala mumphika, poganizira kuti dothi ndilochepa, ndikulimbikitsidwa kuti limeretse. Pazifukwa izi, feteleza weniweni wa ma succulents adzagwiritsidwa ntchito (monga izi), kutsatira zomwe zitha kuwerengedwa pazinthu zawo. Mwanjira imeneyi tiwonetsetsa kuti mizu siyiyaka, komanso kuti akhoza kuyipeza bwino.

Kuchulukitsa

Euphorbia aphylla ili ndi maluwa achikaso

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz

La Euphorbia aphylla ndi chitsamba chomwe amachulukitsa nthawi zina ndi mbewu, komanso ndi kudula. Nthawi yoyenera kwambiri ndi masika, chifukwa chake mudzakhala ndi miyezi ingapo mtsogolo momwe nyengo imakhala yofunda.

Miliri ndi matenda

Palibe tizirombo tambiri todziwika kapena matenda. Koma muyenera kuwongolera zoopsa kuti bowa asavunde mizu yawo.

Kukhazikika

Ndi chomera chomwe chimatha kusangalatsidwa panja chaka chonse bola ngati kutentha sikutsika -3ºC. Zikachitika, padzafunika kuteteza mkati mwa nyumba popita nayo kuchipinda chokhala ndi kuwala kochuluka.

Kodi mumadziwa fayilo ya Euphorbia aphylla?


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