Zokoma Tabaiba (Euphorbia balsamifera)

Euphorbia balsamifera ndi chitsamba chokoma

La Euphorbia balsamifera ndi shrub wokoma kwambiri womwe mutha kubzala m'munda wanu wouma kapena mumphika. Imagonjetsedwa kwambiri ndi chilala ndipo imalimbana ndi mphepo yochokera kunyanja popanda mavuto, ndichifukwa chake ngati mumakhala pafupi ndi gombe simudzakhala ndi nkhawa iliyonse.

Kuphatikiza apo, nthambi zake za korona kwambiri, ndipo kuchokera mwa iwo timaphukira masamba omwe, ngakhale ali ochepa, ndi ochuluka kwambiri kotero kuti amawoneka owongoka kwambiri. Yesetsani kuzipeza.

Chiyambi ndi mawonekedwe a Euphorbia balsamifera

Tabaiba wokoma ndi shrub wobiriwira nthawi zonse

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Frank Vincentz

Ndi chomera chobiriwira chomwe chimadziwika kuti sweet tabaiba chomwe titha kuchipeza kuzilumba za Canary, ku Africa (makamaka ku Sahara) ndi ku Arabia. Amakhala kumadera omwe kumagwa mvula pang'ono ndipo kumatentha kwambiri, kotentha kwambiri komwe kumakhala kozungulira 30-50ºC. Imakula mpaka mita imodzi, ndipo ili ndi korona wozungulira, wokulirapo komanso wophatikizika popeza imakhala nthambi kuchokera pansi.

Mosiyana ndi euphorbias ena, protagonist wathu amapanga inflorescence wokhala ndi maluwa amodzi osachiritsika. Ichi ndi chachikaso ndi chaching'ono, pafupifupi 1 sentimita m'mimba mwake, ndipo chimamera nthawi yachilimwe.

Kodi imagwiritsa ntchito chiyani?

La Euphorbia balsamifera Ndi chomera chomwe chingagwiritsidwe ntchito m'munda komanso mumphika. M'munda momwemo mudzakhala kokongola miyala ngati, kapena mdera lomwe muli ndi cacti ndi zina zokoma. Ngati mukufuna kukhala ndi mphika, umakongoletsa bwalo lanu kapena bwalo lanu.

Koma kuwonjezera apo, mafuko achikhalidwe cha zilumba za Canary, makamaka a ku Guanches, amakhulupirira kuti adagwiritsa ntchito utsiwo kutsuka mano awo. Lero akadali oyamikiridwa kwambiri; M'malo mwake, ndichizindikiro chachilengedwe cha chilumba cha Lanzarote.

Kodi mumasamalira bwanji tabaiba wokoma?

Euphorbia balsamifera ndi chomera chokoma

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Frank Vincentz

La Euphorbia balsamifera ndi chomera chosangalatsa kwambiri. Ndioyenera oyamba kumene, monga momwe ingathere (ndipo iyeneradi) kukhala ndi madzi pang'ono, chifukwa chake imafunikira kukonza pang'ono. Koma ngati mungakayikire, tikufuna kukuthandizani. Tidzafotokozera zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa kuti tabaibaiba yanu ikhale yokoma:

Malo

Ichi ndi chomera Iyenera kuyikidwa mdera lowonekera mwachindunji padzuwa. Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti isasowe kuwala, apo ayi ikukula momwe iyenera kukhalira ndipo titha kuiwalako. Chifukwa chake, ndibwino kukhala nacho kunja.

Ilibe mizu yoopsa yazomera zina ndipo singathe kuthyola chilichonse. Tsopano, ngati ikadzalidwa pansi, tikulangiza kuti iyikidwe theka la mita kapena pang'ono pang'ono kuchokera pamakoma kapena makoma kuti mwanjira iyi izitha kukula bwino.

Dziko lapansi

  • Munda: imamera m'nthaka yamchenga ndipo imatha kutero pomwe pali miyala yambiri. Mu dothi lolemera komanso lokwanira muyenera kukumba dzenje pafupifupi 50 x 50cm ndikudzazamo nthaka ya zokoma.
  • Poto wamaluwa: gawo lomwe lingagwiritsidwe ntchito likhoza kukhala lachidziwitso cha cacti ndi zokometsera (zogulitsa Apa). Muli ndi mwayi wosakaniza peat ndi perlite mofanana. Inde, mphikawo uyenera kuti unali ndi mabowo patsinde pake.

Kuthirira

Kuthirira kwa Euphorbia balsamifera iyenera kukhala yoperewera kwambiri. Ndi nthawi yachilimwe yokha pomwe tiyenera kukhala tcheru kwambiri, komabe mumayenera kuthirira nthaka ikauma kwambiri. Ndi chomera chomwe chimalimbana ndi chilala, koma ngati zichitika kuti chimalandira madzi ochulukirapo kuposa momwe chikufunira, chitha kukhala chovuta chifukwa mizu yake sinakonzekere kupirira madzi owonjezera.

Wolembetsa

Kodi mukufuna kuti ikule mwachangu pang'ono ndikusowa michere iliyonse? Ngati ndi choncho, zimakhala zosavuta: manyowa ndi feteleza wa zokoma (zogulitsa Apa) masika mpaka kumapeto kwa chilimwe. Koma tsatirani malangizo oti mugwiritse ntchito, chifukwa ngati mlingowu ndiwokwera kuposa momwe mizu ikuwotchera, ndipo ngati ndi yotsika simudziwa zotsatira zake.

Ngati ili mumphika, gwiritsani ntchito feteleza wamadzi kuti athe kulowa mofulumira komanso osasintha mawonekedwe ake. Ngati muli nayo pansi, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza wamtundu uliwonse (madzi, granular kapena ufa).

Kuchulukitsa

Euphorbia balsamifera ndi chomera chosatha

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Jose Mesa

Pofalitsa tabaiba wokoma, zomwe zimachitika pafupipafupi ndizo dulani nthambi masika ndikubzala mumphika ndi peat wothira 50% perlite. Imaikidwa pamalo pomwe pali kuwala kochuluka koma osati molunjika, ndipo imathiriridwa nthawi iliyonse gawo lapansi likamawoneka louma.

Chomeracho chimabala mbewu, koma zimakhala zovuta kuzipeza chifukwa ndi zazing'ono komanso zimakhala ndi moyo waufupi. Mukakhala ndi mwayi wokhala nazo, zibzalani posachedwa m'miphika yokhala ndi nthaka yokoma pamalo pomwe pali dzuwa.

Kukhazikika

Ndi shrub yomwe imalimbana ndi chisanu chofatsa kwambiri mpaka 2ºC.

Kodi mumadziwa fayilo ya Euphorbia balsamifera?


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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