Kodi mungasankhe bwanji dothi la cacti?

Ariocarpus hintonii mumphika

Chithunzi - Flickr / douneika

Kodi mumadziwa kusankha nthaka ya cacti? Zomera izi zimakhudzidwa kwambiri ndikudumphira madzi, kotero kuti nthawi zambiri zimakhala zokwanira kuti tithirire madzi kamodzi kapena kawiri kuti mizu yawo iwonongeke kosasinthika. Ndipo, zachidziwikire, m'mazenera ambiri nthawi zonse amagulitsidwa ndi peat, gawo lomwe limasunga chinyezi kwa nthawi yayitali, lomwe siloyenera kwambiri kwa otsekemerawa.

Chifukwa chake ngati mukukayika, musadandaule. Ndiye Tidzakambirana za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya nthaka ya cactus yomwe ilipo, ndi yomwe mungasankhe kapena chisakanizo chiti chomwe muyenera kuchita kuti mbeu zanu zisamalidwe bwino.

Kodi cacti amakhala kuti?

Cacti amakhala m'malo amchipululu

Mitengo yambiri ya cacti ndizomera zomwe zimapezeka ku madera a chipululu ku America, Kumpoto, Central ndi South, ngakhale zili zowona kuti mitundu yambiri yazolowera kumwera kwa North America, pomwe Mexico ndi amodzi mwamayiko opambana kwambiri m'derali. , okhala ndi pafupifupi 518 (mwa 1400 adavomereza kuti alipo onse).

Tikasanthula pa intaneti zithunzi za cacti m'malo awo, Timazindikira msanga kuti pafupifupi zonsezi zimagwirizana:

  • Malo amchenga, okhala ndi masamba ochepa
  • Nyengo yotentha komanso youma
  • Cacti amakula padzuwa

Kuyambira pano, titha kudziwa kuti ndi gawo liti labwino kwambiri pazomera izi.

Kodi mawonekedwe a gawo labwino la cacti ndi otani?

Nkhono zam'madzi

Kotero kuti palibe mavuto, kapena osagwirizana ndi gawo lapansi, choyenera ndikuti chimakwaniritsa izi:

Sandy

Koma samalani, osati mchenga wapagombe, chifukwa izi zimakhala ndi mchere wambiri womwe ungawotche mizu ya nkhadzeyo. Tikamalankhula za mchenga ndi cacti, tikunena za mchenga waphulika, wopangidwa pambuyo poti kuziziritsa kwa misungunuka komwe kumatuluka kuphulika kwa mapiri.

Pali mitundu yambiri, monga tionere tsopano, koma yonse imagulitsidwa pang'ono kapena pang'ono, zomwe ndizolimba kwambiri.

Ngalande yabwino

akadama

Kukhala mchenga, amatulutsa madzi mwachangu kwambiri. Kutengera mtundu wa mchenga, ukhoza kusungidwa ndi chinyezi kwa nthawi yosangalatsa kuti mizu itenge madzi omwe amafunikira gawo lapansi lisanawumenso.

Kodi mungadziwe bwanji ngati ili ndi ngalande zabwino? Kungothirira 🙂. Pankhani ya cacti, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti, tikangoyamba kuthirira, madzi amayamba kutuluka kudzera m'mabowo mumphika.

Kodi iyenera kukhala ndi zolemera zambiri?

Pomx

Zomera, zambiri, zimakhala ndi mizu yomwe ntchito yake imawonekera bwino: kuyamwa madzi ndi michere yosungunuka momwemo, momwe angafunire. Koma tikamakamba za cacti, zinthu zimasintha. Chifukwa chake ndi ichi: m'malo omwe amakulira mwachilengedwe, mulibe moyo (nyama ndi chomera) womwe umangokhala pamalo amodzi.

Ndipo ndithudi, popeza kulibe moyo, kulibe chilichonse chowola. Ndiye amapeza kuti 'chakudya' chomwe cacti amafuna? Kuyambira mvula yamkuntho, yotchedwa mvula yamwaka. Ndi mvula yamphamvu, yodzaza ndi mchere wosungunuka mmenemo, ndipo yomwe imayikidwa pansi mchipululu, kupezeka kwa cacti. Chaka chonse, amakhala ndi zomwe amapeza kuchokera ku photosynthesis (njira yomwe dzuwa ndi kaboni dayokisaidi zimasandulika kukhala chakudya ndi shuga).

Mwa zonsezi, cactus nthaka iyenera kukhala yopanda michere, popeza ndi feteleza wokhazikika munyengo yokula yomwe timakupatsani, mudzakhala ndi zochulukirapo.

Mitundu ya dothi la cacti

Chidziwitso: ngati mumakonda mbewu zina, monga bonsai, muwona kuti magawo ambiri omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthuzi ndi njira yabwino kwa cacti.

akadama

Amama Ndi dongo lomwe limapezeka ku Japan, lomwe limakhala ndi mawonekedwe a granular komanso lofiirira.pokhapokha ikanyowa imakhala yofiirira. Imasunga chinyezi chochuluka, motero imakhala yabwino kwa cacti yomwe imakhala m'malo owuma kwambiri ndipo tikufuna kupulumutsa madzi.

Chovuta chokha ndichakuti, kukhala dongo, pamene zaka zimadutsa kumakhala fumbi, kotero ndikubzala kulikonse ndikofunikira kuti gawolo liyendetsedwe m'madzi, kuchapa, ndikusiya popanda grit.

Kutengera kukula kwa njere, pali mitundu ingapo:

  • Makhalidwe Owonjezera: tirigu pakati pa 1 ndi 6mm wandiweyani.
  • Wachinyamata: pakati pa 1 ndi 4mm wandiweyani. Ndizoyenera kwambiri ku cacti.
  • Zowonongeka: pakati pa 4 ndi 11mm wandiweyani.

Kodi mukufuna? Gulani Apa.

Lulu

Perlite ndi kristalo lowala kwambiri komanso lopanda phokoso lochokera kumapiri, komanso makamaka kuti imakulitsa kutentha kwambiri. Ndi yoyera, choncho imanyezimira ndi kubwerera mlengalenga.

M'munda wamaluwa umagwiritsidwa ntchito zambiri, koma kwa cacti umasakanikirana bwino ndi magawo wamba a peat, chifukwa bwino ngalande zamadzi.

Mutha kugula kuchokera Apa.

Pomx

Ndi thanthwe lophulika lophulika, lomwe limapangidwa magma akamazizira kukhala madzi mpaka olimba. Kuchulukako kumakhala kotsika kwambiri komanso kotentha kwambiri, ndipo utoto wake ndi wotuwa kapena woyera. 

Mosiyana ndi akadama, mukamwetsa samasintha mtundu, ndipo amasunga chinyezi pang'ono; pamenepo, chimauma msanga.

Komanso, kutengera kukula kwa njere, pali mitundu ingapo:

  • Njere zapakatikati: pakati pa 3 ndi 6mm wandiweyani. Ndioyenera kwambiri ku cacti.
  • Mbewu zazikulu: kuyambira 6 mpaka 14mm.

Mukufuna? Mutha kugula kuchokera Apa.

Gawo lonse

Gawo lonse lazomera Ndi mtundu wosakanizika wa peat, perlite, kompositi ina ndipo nthawi zina amathanso kuwonjezera ulusi wa coconut, kumera mitundu yambiri yazomera. Amadziwika kuti amasunga madzi bwino, ndipo kutengera kuchuluka kwa perlite omwe amanyamula, amakhalanso abwino ku cacti.

Pali mitundu yambiri, Flower, Fertiberia, Compo, Battle, etc. Mukudziwa kwanga, zomwe timalimbikitsa kwambiri pazomera zomwe timakonda ndi Maluwa ndi Fertiberia, chifukwa ngakhale zitayanika kwathunthu sizikhala "zotchinga" zapadziko lapansi zovuta kuti zizinyonthorenso monga ena. Komabe, kuwonjezera 10-20% more perlite sikochuluka kwambiri.

Mutha kugula Apa.

Kodi mumapanga bwanji nthaka ya cactus?

Ngati mukufuna kupanga zocheperako, muyenera kungosakanikirana, magawo ofanana, peat, dothi lamundawu ndi mchenga (atha kukhala mtsinje). Chifukwa chake, amakula bwino.

Tikukhulupirira kuti tsopano mukudziwa momwe mungasankhire gawo la cacti.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa.

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.