Itotshi yePeru (Echinopsis peruviana)

I-Echinopsis peruviana ikholamu

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / Randy

El I-Echinopsis peruviana Yi-cactus shrubby enesiqu esincinci kwaye umbala oluhlaza-buluhlaza. Kodwa xa idubula, ivelisa iintyatyambo ezinkulu, ezimhlophe, uphawu oluhombisa indawo apho ikhoyo, nokuba kusegadini okanye embizeni ebekwe kwithambeka.

Enye into elungileyo ngayo kukukhula ngokukhawuleza. Ingakhula malunga neesentimitha ezingama-30 ukuya kuma-40 ngonyaka, ke Ukuba ungxamile ukuba ube negadi yecactus, umzekelo, kuya kufuneka ulinde iminyaka embalwa de ifike kubude bayo obuphezulu.

Imvelaphi kunye neempawu ze I-Echinopsis peruviana

Yicactus eyaziwa ngokuba yitotshi yasePeruvia enekholamu ethweleyo ebutsheni bayo ethanda ukuvelisa amasebe kwisiseko sayo. Yinzalelwane yeeAndes, apho ikhula phakathi kweemitha ezingama-2000 3000 ukuya kuma-XNUMX XNUMX ngaphezulu komphakamo wolwandle. Iziqu ziluhlaza-bluhlaza, zizilinda, kwaye zinokulinganisa phakathi kweemitha ezi-3 ukuya kwezi-6 ukuphakama.. Ngamnye kubo uneembambo ezi-6 ezihlukaniswe kakuhle, ezinee-areole ezimhlophe kunye ne-8 ukuya kwi-3 yemiphunga ye-radial spines.

Iintyatyambo zihlwa, Oko kuthetha ukuba zivula ngongcwalazi zize zivale ngentsasa elandelayo. Ezi zimhlophe, kwaye zikwiisentimitha ezingama-24 ubude ngeesentimitha ezi-4 ububanzi. Zimhlophe, kwaye zinuka kamnandi. Nje ukuba zifumane umungu, zivelise iziqhamo ezinembonakalo ye-oblong kunye nombala oluhlaza omnyama ngaphakathi apho siza kufumana imbewu encinci emnyama emnyama.

Yintoni ukhathalelo lwe I-Echinopsis peruviana?

I-Echinopsis peruviana yi-cactus evelisa iintyatyambo ezimhlophe

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Burkhard Mücke

Itotshi yePeruvia yicactus esinokuba nayo iminyaka emininzi ngokulula. Ayifuni kukhathalelo olunzima, kungoko ke inomdla nakwabo bangenamava okhathalelo lweeSucculents. Ngaba ungathanda ukwazi ukuba yintoni nganye yazo?

Ubicación

Yicactus leyo idinga ilanga ngqo ukusuka kulutsha, ke kuyakufuneka siyibeke ngaphandle ukuze ikhule kakuhle. Kodwa ngamanye amaxesha kwiindawo zokugcina abantwana banazo ngaphakathi, kubalulekile ukuba isampulu yethu ivela kwindawo enjalo siyibeke emthunzini ukunqanda ukutshiswa.

Kwisithuba senyanga, siqala ukumqhela kancinci kancinci ekukhanyeni ngokuthe ngqo kwenkosi yeenkwenkwezi. Kule nto siza kuyibeka kwindawo enelanga kangangeyure okanye njalo ekuseni okanye ngokutshona kwelanga, xa ilanga linganyanga kangako. Njengoko iiveki zihamba siyakwandisa ixesha lokuvezwa ngeyure okanye njalo.

Ukuba kusehlotyeni, eyona nto ilungileyo kukuyilinda idlule; Ngaphandle koko sibeka emngciphekweni wokuba yethu I-Echinopsis peruviana ukutsha kakhulu.

Umhlaba

  • Imbiza yeentyatyambo: njenge-substrate ekhethekileyo yecactus iya kusetyenziswa (iyathengiswa apha), okanye umxube wepeat ene-perlite kwiindawo ezilinganayo.
  • Jadini- Umhlaba wegadi kufuneka ubenesanti kwaye ukhanyise ukuze ukwazi ukukhupha amanzi ngokufanelekileyo. Le cactus ayixhasi ukufuma okungaphezulu kwiingcambu.

Unkcenkceshelo

I-Echinopsis peruviana yicactus

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / msscacti // Echinopsis peruviana f cristata

Inqaba imbalela, kodwa hayi amanzi agqithisileyo. Ke ngoko, siza kuyinkcenkceshela amaxesha ngamaxesha. Siza kuvumela i-substrate okanye umhlaba wome kakuhle, ngokupheleleyo, ngaphambi kokuba unkcenkceshele kwakhona. Ke, iingcambu zinokuqhubeka nokwenza imisebenzi yazo ngesiqhelo ngokubanzi.

Kufuneka ugalele amanzi emvula kuyo ukuba kunokwenzeka. Yeyona ifanelekileyo. Kodwa ukuba asiyifumani, akukho nto yenzekayo: amanzi empompo aya kufaneleka ukuba kufanelekile ukutyiwa ngabantu.

Umbhalisi

Masiqhubeke siye kumrhumo we- I-Echinopsis peruviana. Kuyacetyiswa ukuba uhlawule ngexesha lasentwasahlobo nasehlotyeni. Kulapho ikhula khona, kwaye ke xa ifuna "ukutya" okuninzi. Ngesi sizathu, siya kuyibhatala silandela imiyalelo yomenzi, kuba kuphela kwendlela yokuqinisekisa ukuba imveliso ineziphumo ezilindelekileyo, ngaphandle kokwenza umonakalo.

Yeyiphi oyisebenzisayo? Kuya kuxhomekeka ekubeni kutyalwe embizeni na okanye emhlabeni.

  • Kubongwe: Izichumisi ezingamanzi ziya kusetyenziswa, ukuze iingcambu zikwazi ukufunxa ngcono kwaye zikhawuleze. Umzekelo, iguano okanye nayiphi na isichumisi se-cactus engamanzi (iyathengiswa apha) uya kusebenza.
  • Egadini: ukuba isemhlabeni, inokuchunyiswa ngesichumisi esingumgubo okanye esisicwecwe. Kwakhona kunye nolwelo ukuba ufuna ukuba isityalo sisifunxe ngexesha elincinci. Singasebenzisa ukuphoswa kweentshulube (kuyathengiswa apha), umgquba, i mulch, iigobolondo zamaqanda.

Ukuphindaphinda

Ngentwasahlobo nasehlotyeni inokuphindaphindwa ngembewu kunye nokusikwa kwesiqu. Imbewu kufuneka ihlwayelwe kwiibhedi zembewu ezinomngxuma kwisiseko sazo, nge icactus umhlaba. Kubalulekile ukubagcina bahlukile omnye komnye njengoko ngaloo ndlela baya kuba nakho ukukhula ngcono. Ukongeza, kufuneka zigqunywe ngomaleko obhityileyo womhlaba ukuze bangavezwa. Ziza kuhluma malunga neentsuku ezili-14 ukuba ziyasebenza.

Izicucu zithathwa kwiziqu ezisempilweni. Kufuneka zilinganiswe malunga neesentimitha ezingama-30, kwaye kufuneka zityalwe kwiimbiza ezinemingxunya kwisiseko sazo, kunye nepumice (iyathengiswa apha) okanye ii-substrates ezifanayo, ezinje nge-akadama. Emva koko, iya kunkcenkceshelwa amaxesha ngamaxesha. Ngale ndlela, umngcipheko wokubola uya kuba mbalwa. Ukuba konke kuhamba kakuhle, bayingcambu malunga neentsuku ezili-10.

Iindyikitya zokufa nezifo

Zixhathisa izitshabalalisi kunye nezifo ngokufanelekileyo, kodwa lumka ngeminenke kunye nee-slugs. Ezi zilwanyana zondla i-cacti, ke kufuneka ziphathwe ngezinto eziphindayo, ezinje enye.

Ukusebenza ngokukhawuleza

El I-Echinopsis peruviana inokumelana neqabaka elibuthathaka kunye namaxesha athile, ukuhla ukuya kwi-2ºC, kodwa kuphela xa amaqondo obushushu enyuka ngaphezu ko-5ºC ngokukhawuleza.

I-Echinopsis peruviana yi-cactus ekhula ngokukhawuleza

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / msscacti

Ucinga ntoni ngale cactus?


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.