Yintoni imvelaphi yeCacti kunye nezinye iisucculents?

IPereskia grandifolia

IPereskia grandifolia

Wakhe wazibuza ukuba yintoni imvelaphi ye-cacti kunye nezinye iisucculents? Ngokuqinisekileyo ewe, kunjalo? Kwaye ezi ntlobo zezityalo zahluke kakhulu kwezo zihlala emahlathini nasemasimini oMhlaba. Nangona kunjalo, kufuneka kuthiwe: iimeko apho kuye kwafuneka ukuba baphile zikwahlukile.

Iindlela zokuzivelela kwezinto, ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo, zinomdla kakhulu. Ke Ungaphoswa leli nqaku ke unokuziva ungoyiki ngakumbi xa ubona ingqokelela yakho.

Yintoni imvelaphi yeCacti?

I-Frailea asterioides

I-Frailea asterioides

ICacti zizityalo ezimnandi ezikwaziyo ukoyisa iintliziyo kunye nobomi bomntu ongaphezulu komnye. Zidumile kangangokuba kunzima ukukholelwa ukuba uninzi lweentlobo zinamaxabiso asezantsi, into evuselela umdla wethu wokufuna ukwazi kunye nomnqweno wokuba nemizekelo emininzi.

Xa sifuna ukuphanda ngemvelaphi yayo kufuneka sibuyele umva phakathi kweminyaka engama-80 nama-60 ezigidi zeminyaka, kwixesha leCretaceous. Ngelo xesha, yayizizityalo eziqhelekileyo, zinamagqabi alula asasazwe ngendlela yomoya, nesiqu esasineenkuni (secondary xylem), umungu kunye nembewu ezazihlala kwindawo ngoku eyi Mzantsi Melika, kodwa eyakha yayinxalenye yePangea.

I-Pangea yayingummandla omkhulu kwinkqubo yokwahlulwa ngokuhamba kwamacwecwe eteknoloji (iziqwenga zepuzzle ezenza iplanethi yoMhlaba), eyonwabela imozulu eshushu. Njengoko iinyikima kunye nokuqhuma kweentaba-mlilo kwahlulahlula, ilizwekazi ngalinye esaziyo namhlanje lisingise kwiindawo ezikuzo ngoku.

Oku kubangele utshintsho olubalulekileyo kwizilwanyana nakwizityalo. Kwimeko yezo cacti zakudala, bezibona bekwindawo apho kunethayo kancinci nangaphantsi kwaye imitha yelanga yehla ngokuthe ngqo, umzimba wakhe wavela ukuba uguquke. Abanye baqala ukukhula ngeglobose, bahlala kufutshane nomgangatho womhlaba, abanye endaweni yoko bakhula ngobude.

Kodwa olona tshintsho lukhulu ukutshintshwa kwamagqabi ngameva, Ngokwenyani ziintsiba zamagqabi (kungoko, umzekelo, xa singaqondanga sikhupha enye, emva kwethutyana enye ihluma kwakhona). Babengasakwazi ukwenza ifotosinthesize ngazo, kodwa kwakungekho ngxaki: isiqu saqala ukuvelisa iklorofili, kwaye ngenxa yoko yajika yaba luhlaza.

Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, kuyaziwa ukuba zingaphezulu kwama-200 iintlobo ze-cacti ezimalunga nama-2500 XNUMX eentlobo. Ewe, khange benze gwenxa kwaphela.

Imvelaphi yezityalo ezimnandi?

UArgyroderma 'Holrivier'

UArgyroderma 'Holrivier'

I-succulents, okanye i-non-cacti succulents, zizityalo ezavela emva kwecacti, xa "isiqwenga" esinamhlanje ilizwekazi lase-Afrika lalifumana, lihlala lincinci kancinci kwaye ngaphezulu kwezigidi zeminyaka, kwimeko yalo yangoku. Nangona kunjalo, ngelishwa ayaziwa ncam ukuba i-crass iqale nini ukuvela kwayo.

Into endinokukuxelela yona yile, Zininzi iintlobo zeesucculents, osapho lwezityalo iAizoaceae ikakhulu (IiLithops okanye Argyroderma), uya kuzifumana emazantsi entlango yaseSahara, kwiPhondo leAfrika, njengeNamibia, iBotswana, iLesotho okanye uMzantsi Afrika. Ngoku, kuya kufuneka uyazi ukuba zikhona ezinye izityalo, ezinje ngeSempervivum okanye iAeonium, ezingazalelwanga kule ndawo, kodwa ezivela kwiiCanary Islands, iAlps, iCarpathians, iBalkans okanye iTurkey, phakathi kwezinye.

Ngaba ufumene esi sihloko sinomdla? Ukuba unamathandabuzo, musa ukuwashiya kwiqula leinki. 😉


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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