Iirebhiya

I-Rebutia zincinci cacti

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Dornenwolf 

ICacti yohlobo lweRebutia zincinci, yiyo loo nto zinokulinywa ezimbizeni ebomini babo, apho ziya kuthi zivelise iintyatyambo ezininzi kangangokuba nemizimba yazo inokufihlwa ngasemva kweepalali.

Kwaye oko Nangona zonke iintyatyambo ze-cactus zintle, ezo zeRebutia zihlala ziphakathi kweentandokazi, Kunye nezo ze-Echinopsis kunye nezo zeLobivia umzekelo. Ngaba uyafuna ukwazi ukuba zikhangeleka njani ezi cacti kwaye zikhathalela ntoni? Masiqale.

Imvelaphi kunye neempawu zeRebutia

Luhlobo lwecacti oluzalelwa eMzantsi Melika, apho bahlala eArgentina, ePeru naseBolivia. Zimalunga nama-40 iintlobo ezahlukileyo, kwaye zonke zizityalo ezincinane, ezinemizimba ye-globose ekuthi kuyo kuhlume iisucker. Ngokungafaniyo nenye i-cacti, kuzo kunzima ukwahlula iimbambo, nangona izilimo eziyizigaxa ezahlukileyo ziyaxatyiswa.

Iintyatyambo zihluma ziye embindini wesiqu ngasinye, ukuze xa zidubula zibonakala ngathi zinesithsaba. Ezi ziisentimitha ezi-2-5 ubukhulu, kwaye zihlala zimthubi, zibomvu, okanye orenji, kodwa zinokuba mhlophe kwezinye iindidi.

Iintlobo eziphambili

Okokuqala, kubalulekile ukuba wazi ukuba uninzi lweentlobo ezazifudula zikho kuhlobo lweRebutia ngoku zikuluhlobo lweSulcorebutia. Nangona kunjalo, kuba kukho iiSulcorebutia ezaziwa ngegama labo elidala, sizibandakanyile. Bazi:

Iirebua arenacea

I-Rebutia arenacea ineentyatyambo zeorenji

Umfanekiso -Flickr / Stefano

La Iirebua arenacea yi-cactus ehlala eBolivia, ngoku eyaziwa njenge ISulcorebutia arenacea. Ihlala ikhula yodwa, kodwa ngamanye amaxesha iiswibi ziyantshula emzimbeni wayo. Ilinganisa ngeesentimitha ezi-5 ububanzi ngeesentimitha ezili-10 ukuphakama, kunye iintyatyambo zazo zimthubi zifikelela kwiisentimitha ezi-5.

heliosa rebutia

I-Rebutia heliosa yicactus encinci

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Karelj

La heliosa rebutia Kukwanjalo naseBolivia. Ikhula ngamaqela, enokugqitha ngeesentimitha ezingama-20 ubukhulu. Ukuphakama kwayo ziisentimitha ezili-10-15, kunye uvelisa iintyatyambo eziorenji, ezimthubi okanye ezimfusa.

rebutia krainziana

I-Rebutia krainziana yicactus enameva amhlophe

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / uDon Manfredo

Igama lalo ngoku ngu Rebutia marsoneri. Ixhaphakile eArgentina, kwaye yi-cactus eyenza amaqela malunga neesentimitha ezi-7 ukuphakama malunga neesentimitha ezingama-20 ububanzi. Iintyatyambo ezinazo zinokuba tyheli okanye orenji.

I-minuscule rebutia

I-Rebutia minuscula ithwala iintyatyambo ezibomvu

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia /? ? HQ

La I-minuscule rebutia Injalo, njengoko ifani yayo ibonisa, isityalo esincinci. Ngapha koko, kunqabile ukuba kudlule iisentimitha ezi-5 ukuphakama. Ixhaphake kakhulu eArgentina, kwaye ikhula ngokwamaqela anqabileyo. Iintyatyambo zayo zimalunga ne-2-3 yeesentimitha ububanzi, kwaye zipinki, zibomvu okanye mthubi.

I-rebutia perplexa

I-Rebutia perplexa ineentyatyambo ezipinki

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Resenter1

La I-rebutia perplexa Yicactus yendalo evela eBolivia. Yenza amaqela aqinileyo kakhulu, kangangokuba xa ujonga kuqala abonakala ngathi yimbulunga, emalunga neesentimitha eziyi-15 ukuya kwezi-20 ukuphakama ukuya kumasentimitha angama-30 ubukhulu. Iintyatyambo zayo zipinki.

Rebutia pymaea

I-Rebutia pygmaea yicactus encinci kakhulu

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Peter A. Mansfeld

La Rebutia pygmaea luhlobo olukhula eArgentina naseBolivia. Kufuneka ikhule ingamaqela, ifike kubude obumalunga neesentimitha ezi-5 ngeesentimitha ezi-3 ubukhulu. Iintyatyambo zibomvu, tyheli okanye orenji.

Yintoni ukhathalelo lweRebutia?

Ziyi-cacti ethi, kulimo, ifune ukhathalelo olusisiseko ukuze iphile, ngakumbi xa igcinwe kwiimbiza. Ngesi sizathu, ngoku siza kuthetha ngayo yonke into ekufuneka siyenzile ukubaphilisa:

Ubicación

Kufuneka zigcinwe kwindawo apho kukho ukukhanya okuninzi. Akunyanzelekanga ukuba ibe lilanga ngqo imini yonke, kodwa kuyacetyiswa. Nangona kunjalo, zinokulinywa emthunzini omncinci ukuba uzinika nje iiyure ezimbalwa ngokuthe ngqo.

Kodwa ukuba kwindawo yokugcina abantwana babekhuselekile kwimitha yelanga, kubalulekile ukuba, kanye ekhaya, babekwe kwindawo ekhuselekileyo kodwa ngokucacileyo okukhulu.

Umhlaba

  • Imbiza yeentyatyambo: Peat emnyama kufuneka ixutywe ne-perlite (iyathengiswa apha) ngokulinganayo. Kwimeko apho ungayifumani, umgangatho ophezulu we-cactus substrate uya kuyenza, njenge enye.
  • Jadini: umhlaba kufuneka ube nesanti, kunye nemithombo yokuhambisa amanzi efanelekileyo. Njengoko sithetha ngecacti encinci, ukuba le sinayo icwecwe kakhulu, unokwenza umngxunya omalunga nama-50 x 50 kwaye uwugcwalise ngepumice, okanye umhlaba wecactus.

Unkcenkceshelo

Ukunkcenkceshela kuya kuba kunqabile. Kufuneka unkcenkceshele kube kanye okanye kabini ngeveki kwimozulu eshushu, kwaye phantse zonke iintsuku ezili-15 ebusika. Ukuba kukho iqabaka kwindawo yakho okanye ihlala ine imvula amaxesha ngamaxesha, sukuyinkcenkceshela ngaphandle kokuba ubona umhlaba womile kakhulu.

Kwimeko apho unazo ezimbizeni, musa ukubeka ipleyiti phantsi kweRebutia yakho kuba kungenjalo iingcambu zinokubola, ngaphandle kokuba ipleyiti ichithwe ngalo lonke ixesha kunkcenkceshelwa.

Umbhalisi

I-Rebutia muscula luhlobo lwe-cactus yeglobular

Zombini entlakohlaza nasehlotyeni kuyacetyiswa ukuba ubabhatale ngesichumiso esithile seCacti. Imiyalelo enokufundwa kwileyibhile yemveliso kufuneka ilandelwe, kuba ukuba akunjalo, akukho nto iya kufezekiswa (enyanisweni, kuya kubakho umngcipheko wokuthatha idosi ephezulu kunaleyo icetyiswayo, kwaye ke izityalo ziya kuba neengxaki ezininzi, nditsho nokufa).

Ukuphindaphinda

Ezizixhobo ziphindaphindeka ngembewu ngokwahlulahlula (ukwahlula ii-suckers) entwasahlobo okanye ehlotyeni.

  • Imbewu: kufuneka zihlwayelwe kwiimbiza ezincinci, ukuba kunokwenzeka zibanzi kunokude, kunye nomhlaba owawuthe nkcenkceshelwa ngaphambili we-cacti. Zigqume ngomaleko omncinci womhlaba, kwaye uzibeke emthunzini omncinci.
  • ICandelo: ukuba i-rebutia yakho ine-suckers, ungabahlula ngemela ebifakwe intsholongwane kunye neyomileyo ngaphambili, malunga ne-2-3 yeesentimitha ngobukhulu. Emva koko, faka isiseko ngehomoni yokuxhasa (kwintengiso apha) kwaye uzityale kwiimbiza ezinomhlaba wecactus okanye ivermiculite (iyathengiswa apha).

Iindyikitya zokufa nezifo

Lubuthathaka kunkcenkceshelo oluninzi kunye nokufuma, okubolayo. Ngesi sizathu, kubalulekile ukuvumela umhlaba womile phakathi kokunkcenkceshela. Ukongeza, ukuba uhlala kwindawo apho ukufuma kuphezulu, eyona nto ifanelekileyo kukuba ube nayo embizeni kunye nepumice, isiseko esiza kuvumela iingcambu ukuba zifumane umoya eziyidingayo ukuze zihlale ziphila.

Ngokunjalo, ehlotyeni banokuba ne-mealybugs, kodwa ekubeni zizityalo ezincinci basuswa ngokukhawuleza ngamanzi kunye nebrashi encinci umzekelo.

Ukusebenza ngokukhawuleza

Bayamelana nengqele, kunye neqabaka ezibuthathaka (ukuya kuthi ga ku -2ºC), kodwa kuphela xa befika ngexesha. Okwangoku, eyona nto intle kukuba ukuba yehla ngezantsi kweedigri eziyi-0 bayazikhusela kwindlu eluhlaza.

IiRebutias zii-cacti ezikhula ngokwamaqela

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