echeveria

Jonga i-Echeveria Perle von Nurnberg

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / UKarl Thomas Moore // Echeveria 'Perle von Nurnberg'

Isucuculents yohlobo echeveria zixabisekile, kangangokuba ubani usenokucinga ukuba ziziintyatyambo ngokwazo, nangona nazo ziyazivelisa. Amagqabi awo anemibala emininzi, kwaye nanjengoko eneemilo ezintle kakhulu, kakuhle… nabani na angathandana nawo;).

Kulula ukuthenga enye okanye ezimbini kwaye kungekudala unokufumana ezimbalwa. Kodwa Ngaba uyazi ukuba bazinyamekela njani? Inyani yile yokuba azikho nzima, kodwa kuya kufuneka ulumke ungazigqithisi iingozi, kuba iingcambu zazo bezingayi kuyixhasa.

Imvelaphi kunye neempawu zeEcheveria

Jonga i-Echeveria runyonii Topsy turvy

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / Karl Thomas Moore // I-Echeveria runyonii 'iTopsy Turvy'

I-Echeveria zizityalo ezinamagqabi, nezingapheliyo, zihlala zingenayo i-trunk / stem, kunye ne-succulents Inzalelwane kumazantsi-ntshona e-United States, Mexico, Central America, nakumantla o Mzantsi Melika. Bahlala kwimimandla eyomileyo nenesomiso kakhulu, kodwa kukho ezinye ezifumaneka kwiindawo ezinemozulu epholileyo.

Zibonakaliswe ngo yenza ii-rosettes zamagqabi anokuthi okanye angahlumi kwisikhondo esinamasebe amancinci okanye angabikho. Amagqabi ayinyama, acabalele, anemigca egudileyo kunye nemibala ukusuka kuluhlaza ukuya kupinki, ngombala oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, okanye ngebicolor (umzekelo, luhlaza kunye nemiphetho epinki). Iintyatyambo ziqokelelwe kwii-inflorescence, kwaye zi-tubular ukuya kwi-conical, pink, red, white, green or orange ngombala.

Iindidi zeEcheveria

Uhlobo lwayo luneendidi ezingama-393, kwaye ezi zilandelayo zezona zidumileyo:

I-Echeveria agavoides

I-Echeveria agavoides ithandwa kakhulu

umfanekiso - UFlickr / uStephen Boisvert

Sisityalo sendalo saseMexico, ngakumbi iSan Luis Potosí, iHidalgo, iGuanajuato kunye neDurango. Amanyathelo aphakathi kwe-7 ukuya kwi-15 yeesentimitha ububanzi kunye ne-8 ukuya kwi-12 yeesentimitha ukuphakama. Ayinaso isiqu. Amagqabi angonxantathu, aluhlaza, anencam ebukhali kakhulu, abomvu ngombala ngaphezu kwezinye iintlobo. Ivelisa iintyatyambo ezipinki, orenji okanye obomvu eziphuma kwisiqu esifikelela kuma-50 eesentimitha.

I-Echeveria agavoides
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Ifayile ye-Echeveria agavoides

Elegans zeEcheveria

Ii-elegans ze-Echeveria zinomdla

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / uStephen Boisvert

Eyaziwa njenge-alabaster rose, i-snowball yaseMexico okanye i-rose emhlophe yaseMexico, sisityalo esizalelwa eMexico ikhula ibe ziisentimitha ezingama-50 ububanzi ngeesentimitha ezi-5 ukuya kwezili-10 ubude, ngaphandle kwesiqu. Amagqabi ayo aluhlaza okotshani, kwaye uvelisa iintyatyambo ezipinki.

I-Echeveria elegans yinto emnandi eyenza ii-rosettes zamagqabi
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Elegans zeEcheveria

I-Echeveria glauca

Jonga i-Echeveria glauca

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / UKarl Thomas Moore

Namhlanje igama layo lenzululwazi ngu echeveria secunda. Ixhaphake eMexico, kwaye ikhula ukuya kububanzi beesentimitha ezingama-20 kunye nokuphakama ukuya kwiisentimitha ezili-10. Amagqabi akhazimla, kwaye iintyatyambo ziqokelelwe kwii-inflorescence malunga neesentimitha ezingama-30 ukuphakama kwaye bomvu okanye orenji ngombala.

I-Echeveria lilacina

Jonga i-Echeveria lilacina

Eyaziwa njenge ghost echeveria, sisityalo sendalo saseNuevo León, eMexico. Ikhula phakathi kwe-12 kunye ne-25 yeesentimitha ububanzi malunga neesentimitha ezili-15 ukuphakama. Amagqabi aluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, kwaye ivelisa umbala opinki okanye intyatyambo yekorale ephuma kwisitshixo esi-15-intshi.

Iseti yeEcheveria

I-Echeveria setosa yinto emnandi

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / Cody Hough

Sisityalo semveli semimandla esezintabeni ePuebla, eMexico. Ikhula kububanzi obumalunga neesentimitha ezili-12 kunye nobude obuphakathi kweesentimitha ezisi-7 ukuya kwezili-15. Amagqabi aluhlaza, kwaye akhuselwe 'ziinwele' ezimfutshane kakhulu ezimhlophe. Iintyatyambo zibomvu, kwaye zihluma kwiziqu ezinesentimitha ezingama-20.

Yintoni ukhathalelo lweEcheveria?

Ukuba ufuna ikopi, sicebisa ukuba ubonelele ngale nkathalelo ilandelayo:

Ubicación

Zizityalo ezo Kufuneka babe phesheya. Ndikucebisa ukuba ubanike ilanga ngokuthe ngqo ukuba nje uza kubaqhela kancinci kancinci, kodwa ukuba bakwindawo eqaqambe kakhulu baya kukhula babutofotofo.

Umhlaba

  • Imbiza yeentyatyamboukuthintela iingxaki zokufuma okungaphezulu, kukhethwa ukuba usebenzise iziqwenga zesanti ezifana nepumice umzekelo. Olunye ukhetho kukudibanisa i-substrate yendalo iphela (iyathengiswa apha) kunye ne-perlite (iyathengiswa apha) kwiindawo ezilinganayo, kodwa kuya kufuneka ulawule ubungozi ngakumbi.
  • Jadini: uthathela ingqalelo ukuba zizityalo ezincinci, kuya kwanela ukwenza umngxunya omalunga ne-50cm x 50cm, uyigcwalise ngomnye umhlathana okhankanywe apha ngasentla kwaye uzityale.

Unkcenkceshelo

Inqabile. Kuya kufuneka uyeke umhlaba womile phakathi kokunkcenkceshela. Ngokwesiqhelo ehlotyeni, ukuba kushushu kwaye komile kakhulu, iya kunkcenkceshelwa kanye okanye mhlawumbi kabini ngeveki; unyaka uphela rhoqo ngeentsuku ezili-10 okanye njalo. Ngexesha lasebusika ukunkcenkceshela kwenyanga kunganela.

Kwimeko apho unayo kwimbiza enepleyiti ngaphantsi, susa amanzi agqithisileyo kwimizuzu engama-30 emva kokunkcenkceshela.

Umbhalisi

Jonga i-Echeveria pulvinata

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / Diego Delso // I-Echeveria pulvinata

Ngexesha lentwasahlobo nehlobo Kuyacetyiswa ukuba uyihlawule ngesichumiso esithile se-cacti kunye nezinye iziselo (ezithengiswayo apha) ukulandela imiyalelo kwileta.

Ukuphindaphinda

I-Echeveria iphindaphindwa ngembewu okanye, rhoqo, ngamagqabi okanye ngeziqu ezisikiweyo entwasahlobo okanye ehlotyeni.

Imbewu

Bancinci kakhulu kwaye baphulukana nokusebenza ngokukhawuleza okukhulu, kwangoko nje ukuba ubamkele Kufuneka uzihlwayele kwiimbiza okanye izitya zezithole ezine-substrate yendalo yonke exutywe ne-50% ye-perlite, zigqume ngomaleko omxinwa wesanti yasemlanjeni ehlanjiweyo, unkcenkceshele emva koko uzibeke kufutshane nobushushu, kumthunzi omnyama.

Ngale ndlela ziya kuhluma malunga neentsuku ezili-10.

Ukusika

  • Uxwebhu: Kuya kwanela ukususa amanye amagqabi asempilweni nangaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi (akufuneki abematsha kodwa hayi amadala) kwaye uwafake ezityeni ezinomhlaba wonke oxutywe ne-perlite. Ungayigubungela indawo apho iingcambu ziya kukhula kancinci ngomhlaba omncinci, kodwa akuyomfuneko ngokungqongqo.
    Beka emthunzini omncinci kwaye ugcine i-substrate ifumile. Uya kubona ukuba kwisithuba seentsuku ezimbalwa baya kumila iingcambu.
  • Isiqu: ezinye i-Echeveria zinokuphindaphindeka ngokwahlula iziqu, njenge echeveria mandala. Yinqumle ibe nye, yeka inxeba lome emthunzini kangange veki, emva koko ulityale embizeni. Gcina umhlaba ufumile, kwaye kwisithuba seeveki ezimbini, ubuninzi besithathu, uya kuqala ukukhupha iingcambu zawo.

Iindyikitya zokufa nezifo

Abaqheleki ukuba nayo, kodwa jonga i isineyile kunye nee-slugs: banokukukhupha kwisityalo kwiintsuku ezimbalwa! Ungayiphepha le nto ngokubeka umhlaba we-diatomaceous (uyathengisa apha) ebajikelezile. Kungokwemvelo kwaye i-Echeveria ayizukukwenzakalisa konke konke.

Kuya kufuneka uyazi ukuba kukho nayiphi na i-mealybugs okanye i-aphids eyihlaselayo, ukuba kunjalo, ungayisusa ngebrashi egalelwe etywaleni yasekhemesti.

Ukutyala okanye ukutshintsha ixesha

En primavera, xa umngcipheko weqabaka udlulile.

Ukuba unayo embizeni, yitshintshe xa ubona ukuba iingcambu ziphuma kwimingxunya yokuhambisa amanzi, kunye / okanye xa ubona ukuba i-substrate inxibe kakhulu (ilahlekile umbala, okanye ibhola yengcambu zonke iingcambu).

Ukusebenza ngokukhawuleza

Zizityalo apho abayithandi kakhulu ingqele. Ubushushu obuncinci akufuneki bube ngaphantsi kwe-0 degrees, nangona kukho ezinye ezimelana nobuthathaka kwaye ngamanye amaxesha iqabaka ukuya kuthi ga kwi-2ºC, enje nge Elegans, e.mandala, E. pulvinata, okanye E. polishedis.

Ukuba awufuni ukuthatha amathuba, zigcine kwigreenhouse okanye ngaphakathi kwigumbi eliqaqambileyo kwaye kude kuyilo kude kubuye intwasahlobo.

Jonga i-Echeveria laui

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / Salicyna // I-Echeveria laui

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