Uwukhetha njani umhlaba wecacti?

Ariocarpus hintonii embizeni

Umfanekiso -Flickr / douneika

Ngaba uyazi ukuba ungawukhetha njani umhlaba wecacti? Ezi zityalo zinobuzaza kakhulu kukuxinana kwamanzi, kangangokuba kuhlala kuyinto eyaneleyo ukuba ngaphezulu kwamanzi kube kanye okanye kabini ukuze iingcambu zabo zonakaliswe ngumonakalo ongenakulungiseka. Kwaye, ewe, kwii-nursery ezininzi zihlala zithengiswa nge-peat, i-substrate egcina ukufuma ixesha elide, ayisiyonto ifanelekileyo kwezi ziselo zinencasa.

Ke ukuba unamathandabuzo, ungakhathazeki. Emva koko Siza kuthetha ngeentlobo ezahlukeneyo zomhlaba wecactus okhoyo, kwaye yeyiphi oyikhethileyo okanye yeyiphi imixube ekufuneka uyenzile ukuze izityalo zakho zikhathalelwe kakuhle.

Ihlala phi icacti?

ICacti ihlala kwindawo eyintlango

Uninzi lwe-cacti zizityalo eziyinzalelwane yeendawo ezisentlango eMelika, eMntla, embindini nase Mzantsi, nangona kuyinyani ukuba uninzi lweentlobo zigxunyekwe emazantsi eMntla Melika, iMexico lelinye lawona mazwe anethamsanqa kule ndawo. , malunga nama-518 endemic (ye-1400 yamkelwe ukuba iyonke).

Xa sikhangela i-Intanethi kwiifoto ze-cacti kwiindawo zabo zokuhlala, Ngokukhawuleza siqonda ukuba phantse zonke zihlala zihambelana:

  • Indawo enesanti, enezityalo ezincinci
  • Imozulu eshushu neyomileyo
  • ICacti ikhula ibonakaliswe elangeni

Ukuqala koku, sinokufumana umbono wokuba yeyiphi eyona nto ilungeleyo okanye iziqwenga ezifanelekileyo kwezi zityalo.

Zithini iimpawu ze-substrate elungileyo ye-cacti?

Icactus ebunjiweyo

Ke ukuba akukho ngxaki, okanye ubuncinci inxulumene ne-substrate, eyona nto ilungileyo kukuba iyahlangabezana nezi mpawu:

USandy

Kodwa lumka, hayi isanti yolwandle, kuba le nto ine-salti ephezulu enokutshisa iingcambu zecactus. Hayi xa sithetha ngesanti kunye necacti, sibhekisa kwisanti yentaba-mlilo, eyenziwe emva kokupholisa ubunzima obunyibilikileyo obuphuma ngexesha lokuqhuma kweentaba-mlilo.

Zininzi iindidi, njengoko siza kubona ngoku, kodwa zonke zithengiswa ngamaqhekeza amancinci okanye amancinci, anzima kakhulu.

Umsele ogqwesileyo

akadama

Ukuba sisanti, idonsa amanzi ngokukhawuleza okukhulu. Kuxhomekeka kuhlobo lwesanti, inokugcinwa ifumile ixesha elinomdla ukuze iingcambu zifunxe amanzi eziwafunayo ngaphambi kokuba i-substrate yomile kwakhona.

Wazi njani ukuba ine-drainage elungileyo? Ukunkcenkceshela nje 🙂. Kwimeko ye-cacti, kuyacetyiswa ukuba, nje ukuba siqale ukunkcenkceshela, amanzi aqala ukuphuma ngemingxunya embizeni.

Ngaba ifanele ibe sisityebi kwizinto eziphilayo?

Ipomx

Izityalo, ngokubanzi, zineengcambu umsebenzi wazo ucacile: ukufunxa amanzi kunye nezondlo ezinyibilikiswe kuwo, kangangoko bafuna. Kodwa xa sithetha ngecacti, izinto ziyatshintsha. Isizathu zezi zilandelayo: kwiindawo apho zikhula khona ngokwendalo, akukho bomi (izilwanyana kunye nesityalo) ezihlala zihlala endaweni enye.

Kwaye ke, njengoko kungekho bomi, akukho nanye into ebolayo ngezinto eziphilayo. Ke bakuthatha phi 'ukutya' okufunwa yiCacti? Ukusuka kwiimvula zemvula, ezibizwa ngokuba ziimvula zonyaka. Ziyimvula ezinkulu, zilayishwe ngamaminerali anyibilike kuzo, kwaye zibekwe kumgangatho wentlango, ziyafumaneka kwi-cacti. Ukuphela konyaka, baphila kunye noko bakufumana kwi-photosynthesis (inkqubo apho ukukhanya kwelanga kunye nekhabhon dayoksayidi ziguqulwa zaba ziicarbohydrate kunye neeswekile).

Kuyo yonke le nto, icactus umhlaba kufuneka uhlwempuzekile kwizakhamzimba, kuba ngesichumiso esiqhelekileyo kwixesha lokukhula esikunika lona, ​​uya kuba ngaphezulu.

Iindidi zomhlaba zeCacti

Qaphela: ukuba uthanda ezinye izityalo, ezinje nge bonsai, uya kubona ukuba uninzi lwee-substrates eziqhelekileyo ezisetyenziselwa ezi zikwayindlela elungileyo yokwenza i-cacti.

akadama

I-akadama Ngudongwe olufunyenwe eJapan, olunemilo yegranular kunye nombala omdaka okhanyayo.Ngaphandle kokuba imanzi iba mnyama emdaka. Igcina ukufuma okuninzi, ke kuyacaca ukuba ilungile kwi-cacti ehlala kwindawo eyomileyo kakhulu kwaye sifuna ukugcina amanzi.

Eyona nto ibambekayo kukuba, ekubeni uludongwe, njengokuba iminyaka ihamba iba nothuli, ke kukhuphelo ngalunye kuyacetyiswa ukuba usebenze substrate emanzini, uyihlambe, kwaye uyishiye ngaphandle kwaloo grit.

Ngokuxhomekeka kubungakanani beenkozo, kukho iintlobo ezininzi:

  • Umgangatho owongezelelweyo oMgangatho: iinkozo phakathi 1 kunye 6mm zamafu.
  • shōhin: phakathi kwe-1 kunye ne-4mm ubukhulu. Ifanelekile cacti.
  • Irhabaxa erhabaxa: phakathi kwe-4 kunye ne-11mm ubukhulu.

Ngaba uyayifuna? Yithenge apha.

Pearlite

Pearlite Yikristale ekhanyayo kunye nefolokhwe yemvelaphi yentaba-mlilo, kwaye ngokukodwa ukuba iyanda kumaqondo aphezulu obushushu. Imhlophe ngombala, ke ibonakalisa ukukhanya kwelanga emajukujukwini.

Ukusebenza egadini kunokusetyenziswa okuninzi, kodwa kwi-cacti kuxutywe kakhulu kunye ne-substrates esekwe kumanqwanqwa, kuba iphucula amanzi.

Ungayithenga kuyo apha.

Ipomx

Lilitye elingenantaba-mlilo, elenziwa xa i-magma ipholile ukusuka ekubeni lulwelo ukuya kwindawo eqinileyo. Ukuxinana kuphantsi kakhulu kwaye kungena kakhulu, kwaye umbala wayo ungwevu okanye mhlophe. 

Ngokungafaniyo ne-akadama, xa unkcenkceshela kunzima ukutshintsha umbala, kwaye ugcina ukufuma okuncinci; enyanisweni, yoma ngokukhawuleza.

Kwakhona, kuxhomekeke kubungakanani beenkozo, kukho iintlobo ezininzi:

  • Iinkozo eziphakathi: phakathi kwe-3 kunye ne-6mm ubukhulu. Yeyona ifanelekileyo kwi-cacti.
  • Iinkozo ezinkulu: ukusuka kwi-6 ukuya kwi-14mm.

Uyayifuna? Ungayithenga kuyo apha.

I-substrate yendalo iphela

Umhlaba wonke wezityalo ngumxube osemgangathweni wepeat, i-perlite, ezinye izichumisi kwaye ngamanye amaxesha zongeza nefayibha yekhokhonathi, Ukukhula kweentlobo ezahlukeneyo zezityalo. Banobungqina bokuba bagcina amanzi kakuhle, kwaye ngokuxhomekeke kubungakanani be-perlite abayithweleyo, zilungile nakwi-cacti.

Zininzi iimveliso, Iintyatyambo, iFertiberia, iCompo, iMfazwe, njl. Kumava am, ezona zityalo zicetyiswayo yiNtyatyambo kunye neFertiberia, kuba nokuba zome ngokupheleleyo azibi zi "bhloko" zomhlaba ekunzima ukuphinda zithambisa njengezinye. Nangona kunjalo, ukongeza i-10-20% ngaphezulu kwe-perlite ayikaze yenzakalise.

Ungayithenga apha.

Uyenza njani umhlaba wecactus owenziwe ekhaya?

Ukuba ufuna ukwenza into engaphezulu okanye encinci eyenziwe ekhaya, kufuneka uxubeke, ngokulinganayo, ipeat, umhlaba wegadi kunye nesanti (inokuba ngumlambo). Yiyo loo nto baya kukhula kakuhle.

Siyathemba ukuba ngoku uyazi ukuba ungayikhetha njani i-substrate ye-cacti.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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