ICaralluma

ICaralluma sisityalo esimnandi

Umfanekiso -Flickr / Skolnik Co.

La ICaralluma Luhlobo lwezityalo ezinamanzi esinokukhula kakuhle embizeni. Xa zigqibile ukukhula, zineemitha ezintathu kuphela ubude uninzi. Ukongeza, iintyatyambo zayo, nangona zincinci, zinokuxabisa okuphezulu kakhulu.

Ulondolozo ekufuneka lunikezwe lulula; Ngaphezu, kuninzi ukuba unganakho ngaphakathi, into ekucetyiswayo ukuba ubusika kwindawo yakho buyabanda.

Yintoni iCaralluma?

Luhlobo lwesityalo esingenayo i-cactus okanye iscrass esikhula ikakhulu e-Afrika, nangona ikwafumaneka nase Yurophu, Asia nase Arabia. Zinezikhondo ezinenyama, ebhityileyo zihlala ziluhlaza okomhlaza okanye oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ngombala ofikelela kubude obuncinci beesentimitha ezili-10 kwaye ubuninzi beesentimitha ezingama-90.. Banokuba namagqabi, kodwa mancinci kakhulu, aphakathi kwe-0,1 kunye ne-0,5 yeesentimitha, kungoko kungamangalisi ukuba baye bangabonwa kuba bengekho ngaphezu kwesikali.

Ngokubhekisele kwiintyatyambo, zilula, zimfusa okanye lilac emnyama ngombala, kwaye ziqokelelwe kwii-inflorescence ezihluma ngaphezulu kwesiqu. Ezi zezinye iintlobo zinevumba elibi.

Zeziphi ezona ndidi zilinywayo?

Uhlobo luqukethe malunga ne-120 yeentlobo, kodwa inyani yile, zintlanu kuphela ezithandwayo:

ICaralluma burchardii

I-caralluma yincinci encinci

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Juanillo1976

Yaziwa njenge chumberilla de lobo kwaye ixhaphake kwiiCanary Islands. Ifikelela kubude obumalunga neesentimitha ezingama-50-60, kunye ineentyatyambo ezimfusa-mdaka egqunywe ziinwele ezimhlophe.

ICaralluma europaea

ICaralluma europaea ineentyatyambo ezincinci

Umfanekiso -Flickr / Skolnik Co.

Yaziwa njenge penquilla de monte okanye chumberillo de lobo, yindawo eyinzalelwane yase Spain (Murcia nase Almería), emantla e-Afrika nakumazantsi eSicily. Ineziqu eziluhlaza eziluhlaza, ezimalunga neesentimitha ezingama-30 ukuphakama, ngokunjalo iintyatyambo ezibomvu ivumba lazo elitsala iimpukane.

ICaralluma fimbriata

ICaralluma fimbriata sisityalo esimnandi

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / Lalithamba

Isityalo esivela eIndiya esifikelela kubude obungu-60 cm. Iintyatyambo zayo zibomvu yimigca etyheli. Ukongeza, sisityalo esityiwayo. Isetyenziselwa ukunciphisa umzimba njengoko kukholeleka ukuba "iyakhohlisa" ingqondo ukuba icinge ukuba yanelisekile, kodwa akukho phononongo lwenzululwazi lokungqina oku.

ICaralluma hesperidium

IiCarallumas zizinto ezinomdla ekubandeni

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / yakovlev.alexey

I-caraluma sisityalo esazalelwa eMorocco esifikelela kubude obuziisentimitha ezingama-20. Ivelisa iziqu eziluhlaza ezinamabala abomvu / ansundu, kunye iintyatyambo ezimnyama ezimnyama ngeziko elityheli.

ICaralluma speciosa

ICaralluma speciosa ineentyatyambo ezibomvu neziphuzi

Umfanekiso -Flickr / Rafael Medina

Sisityalo esikhula eAfrika, esenza amaqela anokugqitha kwimitha enye ububanzi. Ifikelela kubude beesentimitha ezingama-90, kwaye ineentyatyambo ezimfusa neziko elityheli-orenji ezenza inflorescence malunga neesentimitha eziyi-8 ubukhulu.

Uzikhathalela njani?

I-Carallumas zincinci zincinci, ezinokuthi zibe kwiimbiza, nokuba zodwa okanye kunye nezinye iisucculents ezincinci. Kutheni ke ungenazo ezinye iikopi? Emva koko siza kuchaza indlela yokubanyamekela:

Ubicación

Zizityalo ezifuna ukukhanya, ke Kuya kufuneka uzibeke ngaphandle, okanye kwigumbi apho kukho ukukhanya okuninzi. Kwimeko apho uza kungena ngaphakathi ezindlwini, kufuneka uphephe ukuwabeka ecaleni kwefestile, kuba iya kuvelisa isiphumo seglasi esiphakamisayo kwaye, ke ngoko, iyakutshisa.

Umhlaba okanye i-substrate

Amaqela e-caralluma

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / Ninaras // ICaralluma socotrana

  • Imbiza yeentyatyambo: kubalulekile ukuba i-substrate esiyibeka kwi-carallumas ilula, iphosa, kwaye ikumgangatho olungileyo. Zizityalo ezineengcambu ezikhawulezayo ukubola xa umhlaba ubumbene kwaye unzima. Ngesi sizathu, ukunqanda oku sicebisa ukwenza lo mxube, umzekelo: i-peat emnyama ene-perlite kwiindawo ezilinganayo. Olunye ukhetho kukubeka umhlaba wecacti kunye nee-succulents (ziyathengiswa apha).
  • Umhlaba: ngendlela efanayo, ukuba sizakubatyala kumhlaba wegadi, kubalulekile ukuba umhlaba ungakhukuliseki xa sinkcenkceshela, okanye ubuncinci ukuba ufunxe amanzi ngokukhawuleza. Ngoku, njengoko abalinganiswa bethu abaphambili bezizityalo ezincinane, nokuba sinomgangatho omgangatho ophantsi sinokwenza umngxuma we-50 x 50 cm, sigubungele amacala aso ngaphandle kwesiseko esinemingxuma yokufiphaza okanye ilaphu elichasene neRhizome, emva koko uligcwalise kuqala ngomaleko. malunga neesentimitha ezingama-20 zodongwe lwentaba-mlilo okanye ilitye lodongwe (liyathengiswa apha), emva koko ngomxube we-peat emnyama ene-50% ye-perlite.

Unkcenkceshelo

Unkcenkceshelo ukwenziwa xa umhlaba womile. Ngokubanzi, iyakunkcenkceshelwa kabini ngeveki ukuba kusehlotyeni kwaye akukho mvula, kwaye kanye ngeveki unyaka wonke. Kodwa ewe, xa sibankcenkceshela, kufuneka sikuphephe ukumanzisa iziqu zabo; Ngapha koko, oku kunokwenziwa kuphela xa kungekho langa ngqo, kwaye kuphela ukuba ukufuma kuphantsi.

Nanini na apho kufanelekileyo, kungcono ukusebenzisa amanzi emvula acocekileyo, nangona ingengithi sonke angawafumana, lawo alungele ukusetyenziswa ngabantu aya kwenza.

Umbhalisi

Ngentwasahlobo nehlobo Unokuhlawulwa ngesichumiso esikhethekileyo kwii-succulents apha), uhlala ulandela imiyalelo yokusetyenziswa esiza kuyifumana kwiphakheji yemveliso.

Ukuphindaphinda

ICaralluma zande ngeziqu ezisikiweyo entwasahlobo nasehlotyeni. Ukwenza oku, kufuneka sinqumle isiqwenga kwisiseko, kwaye siyityale embizeni enomhlaba wesuphu. Okokugqibela, iya kubekwa emthunzini, kwaye iyakunkcenkceshelwa nanini na ijongeka ngathi yomile. Ngale ndlela, kwisithuba esingangeeveki ezimbini izakuvelisa ezaso iingcambu.

Enye inketho hlwayela imbewu yakho entwasahlobo, umzekelo embizeni enomhlaba wezithole. Kuya kufuneka uzibeke kumphezulu we-substrate, esiza kube sisinkcenkceshela ngaphambili, kwaye emva koko siya kuzigquma ngomaleko omncinci womhlaba. Ukuba konke kuhamba kakuhle, baya kuhluma malunga neentsuku ezi-5 ukuya kwezi-10.

Izinambuzane

Abasesichengeni sokuhlaselwa ngu iinkumba kunye ne-slugs. Njengoko zizityalo ezinenyama, ezi zilwanyana ziyazithanda, ke kuya kufuneka usebenzise iziphindisi (ezinje nge enyengexesha lemvula. Kananjalo ehlotyeni banokuhlasela mealybugs, kodwa zisuswa ngokulula ngomhlaba we-diatomaceous (uyathengiswa Akukho mveliso ifunyenweyo) okanye ukucoca isityalo ngesepha namanzi.

Ukusebenza ngokukhawuleza

Zinovelwano kwiqabaka. I-europaea inokumelana ukuya kwi - 1ºC, kodwa akufuneki igcinwe ngaphandle ukuba ubusika buyabanda, njengoko bengenakukuthwala.

ICaralluma sisityalo esincinci

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Ukuqokelelwa kweSkolnik

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