Mandacaru (uCereus jamacaru)

ICereus jamacaru yinyani enkulu yecactus

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / Josenildo Bezerra da Silva

El UCereus jamacaru Yeyona cactus ikhetheke kakhulu, kuba ayisiyiyo le siyifumanayo kwingingqi ehlala isomile. Nangona ingathandi ukuba neengcambu zigalelwe amanzi, ayingomnye wabo baxhasa ixesha elide lembalela njengabanye. Kodwa oku, xa sithetha ngolu hlobo lwesityalo, kuthwala ukuphazamiseka okuncinci njengeqabane: kufuna ukukhuselwa kwiqabaka.

Kwaye yile cacti ehlala kwiimeko ezifanayo ne-protagonist yethu engakhange iguquke ukumelana namaqondo obushushu asezantsi kuba akukho zindawo zabo zokuhlala. Ngesi sizathu, jonga i UCereus jamacaru isenokungabi lula njengokuba ucinga.

Imvelaphi kunye neempawu ze UCereus jamacaru

ICereus jamacaru yicactus yearboreal

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / Siam 07

Yikholam yecactus ekhoyo eBrazil, ngokukodwa siyifumana, phakathi kwamanye amazwe aseBrazil, eRio Grande do Norte, Bahia, Minas Gerais nasePernambuco. Ifumana igama eliqhelekileyo le-mandacaru, kwaye sisityalo esithi Ngokuhamba kwexesha ifikelela kwi-9 yeemitha ukuphakama. Iziqu zibhityile, akukho ngaphezulu kweesentimitha ezili-15, nangona umboko ophambili ungaphezulu kweesentimitha ezingama-40.

Sisityalo esinameva. Ine-5 ukuya kwi-7 radial spines 1,5 centimeters long, and 2 to 4 central spines that is 8 to 20 centimeters long. Iintyatyambo zivela kuphela kwiimodeli ezivuthiweyo, kwaye zikwiisentimitha ezingama-25 ubude.. Zimhlophe ngombala, kwaye xa zifakwa ipoleni zivelisa iziqhamo ezibomvu malunga neesentimitha ezili-10 ubude eziqukethe iimbewu ezininzi ezincinci.

Ukunyamekela UCereus jamacaru

I-mandacaru sisityalo esinomdla ukuba naso egadini. Inezinga lokukhula ngokukhawuleza xa imozulu ifudumele, kwaye ngexesha leentyatyambo ligcwalisa iintyatyambo. Nangona kuyinyani ukuba kuya kufuneka siyikhusele ukuba kukho iqabaka, okuseleyo enyakeni kuya kukhula kakuhle ngaphandle.

Ukongeza, ayiqheleki ukuba neengxaki ezinzulu zezifo okanye izifo. Kodwa lumka: oku akuthethi ukuba awunakuba nazo. Kwaye ukuba xa sinkcenkceshela ngaphezulu kwemfuneko, okanye ukuba umhlaba ubumbene kakhulu kwaye awuvumeli ukuba kudlule amanzi, ukungunda kwe-pathogenic kunokubangela iingxaki ezinkulu. Ke ngoko, masibone ukuba inyamekela njani:

sezulu

Ngaba ungathanda ukuyikhupha unyaka wonke? Ukuba kunjalo, khumbula ukuba ngokuchanekileyo, akufuneki ihle ngezantsi kwe-0 degrees. Kungenzeka ukuba iisampulu zabantu abadala kunye nezizizo zinokumelana neqabaka ezibuthathaka kunye nezinqabileyo ukuya kuthi ga kwi-2ºC, kodwa asikukhuthazi ukuyibeka kula maqondo obushushu ngaphandle kokhuseleko.

Ubicación

ICereus jamacaru ishushu

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / Siam 07

  • phandle: iyakulunga e-rockery umzekelo, okanye embizeni, kodwa ihlala kwindawo enelanga, okanye ubuncinci apho kukho ukukhanya okuninzi.
  • Ngaphakathi: ukuba unayo ekhaya, uya kufumana igumbi elinokukhanya okuninzi; Oko kukuthi, leyo ijongeka intle emini ngaphandle kwesidingo sokulayita isibane.

Umhlaba okanye i-substrate

  • Jadini: kubalulekile ukuba umhlaba uyisanti kwaye ukhanye. Ngale ndlela, i-drainage iya kuchaneka kwifayile ye- UCereus jamacaru.
  • Imbiza yeentyatyambo: yigcwalise ngomxube wamalungu alinganayo e-peat emnyama kunye ne-perlite. Enye indlela inokuba njalo substrate yecactus, kodwa kufuneka ikumgangatho ophezulu (njenge enye).

Unkcenkceshelo

Unkcenkceshelo luya kunqaba, kodwa enye into ixhaphake ngakumbi kunaleyo singayinika enye icactus. Ngokufanelekileyo, Ngexesha lasentwasahlobo, ngakumbi ehlotyeni, siza kusinkcenkceshela kube kanye ngeveki. Ukuba kuyenzeka ukuba kubekho uqikelelo lwemvula okanye ukuba iyanetha xa kufuneka siyinkcenkceshele, asizukunkcenkceshela kuba ngamanzi emvula aya kuba nakho ngokwaneleyo.

Ukuba uza kuyikhulisa embizeni, ayingombono olungileyo ukubeka isitya phantsi kwayo. Cinga ukuba xa unkcenkceshela, amanzi aya kuhla aze ahlale kwisitya. Ukuba ayisuswanga, iingcambu ziya kubola ngokuhamba kwexesha kwaye zife.

Umbhalisi

Umrhumo we UCereus jamacaru Iyakwenziwa ngehlobo lonke lasehlotyeni. Sebenzisa isichumisi se-cactus, ngokukhethekileyo ulwelo (njenge enye), emva kokufunda imiyalelo kwiphakheji, kuba kubalulekile ukuba ungagqithi kwidosi ecetyiswayo kuba ingabeka isityalo emngciphekweni.

Ukuphindaphinda

Iphindaphindwa ngembewu kunye nokusika. Ixesha elililo liyintwasahlobo, nje ukuba lizinzile kwaye nengqele ishiye ngasemva.

  • Imbewu: imbewu ye-mandacaru incinci kakhulu, ke kufuneka ityalwe kwiimbiza ezinomhlaba wecactus, izama ukungangcwabi kakhulu. Ngapha koko, kungcono ukubabeka kumphezulu we-substrate, kwaye uthele i-substrate encinci ngaphezulu. Beka ibhedi yembewu ngaphandle, kwindawo eqaqambileyo, kwaye ugcine umhlaba ufumile.
  • Ukusika: ubuncinci beesentimitha ezingama-30 ziya kunqunyulwa. Emva koko, ziya kushiyeka zome kwi-semi-shadow kangangeveki, kwaye ekugqibeleni ziya kutyalwa kwiimbiza ezinobubanzi obumalunga neesentimitha ezingama-20, kunye ne-peat exutywe ne-perlite kwiindawo ezilinganayo.

Ukutshintshwa

ICereus jamacaru sisityalo esinameva

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Marcelo Silva de Carvalho Delfino

Ukuba ufuna ukutyala egadini, yenze xa ugqibile ukotya embizeniOko kukuthi, xa iingcambu ziphuma kwimingxunya yokuhambisa amanzi, kwaye xa kusentwasahlobo.

Kwimeko yokuba unayo embizeni, i-Cereus jamacaru iya kufuna enye enkulu kwiminyaka emi-2 okanye emi-3.

Iindyikitya zokufa nezifo

Yomelele, kodwa kusenokwenzeka mealybugs kwiziqu, ntwala kwiintyatyambo zeentyatyambo, okanye nkqu nefungi ezifana nephytophthora okanye umhlwa. Ngesi sizathu, kubalulekile ukuyigcina isinkcenkceshelwa kwaye ichumise, kuba oku kuya kunciphisa umngcipheko oya kuthi uphele kwabanye.

Ukusebenza ngokukhawuleza

Ayixhasi iqabaka.

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