Sansevieria

IiSansevierias zilula ukukhula kwizityalo

Zininzi izityalo ezilunga ngokugqibeleleyo egadini okanye ingqokelela yecacti, isucculents kunye / okanye icaudiciforms, kwaye ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo enye yezona zidumileyo Sansevieria. Kubekwe kwezo ndawo apho imitha yelanga ingafikeleli ngokuthe ngqo, ziyamangalisa.

Abadingi kukhathalelwa, kwaye banomgangatho owamkelweyo yi-NASA ngokwawo ongenakuhoywa 😉.

Imvelaphi kunye neempawu zeSansevieria

Umlinganiswa wethu ophambili luhlobo lwezityalo ezinamayeza anganyangekiyo, ezihlala zikhona kunye nezirhizomatous ezenziwe ziindidi ezithile ze-130 ezizalelwa eAfrika naseAsia. Ziyaziwa njengezityalo zenyoka, umsila wecikilishe, ulwimi lukamazala, okanye isabile likaSaint George, kunye ziphawuleka ngokuba namagqabi amade, abanzi kwaye acabalele, kodwa zinokuba concave okanye zezilinda, ziluhlaza, ziluhlaza, tyheli, okanye zingwevu zinamabala okanye zingenawo.

Iintyatyambo ziqokelelwe kwii-racemes, panicles, spikes okanye fascicles, kwaye zimhlophe. Isiqhamo siqunube esingatyiweyo esivuthayo ehlotyeni-ekwindla.

Iintlobo eziphambili

Ezona zaziwa kakhulu zezi:

ISansevieria trifasciata

I-Sansevieria trifasciata ifakwe kwi-nursery

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / Mokkie // ISansevieria trifasciata 'uLaurentii'

Sisityalo esizalelwa kwintshona yetropika yeAfrika ukuya eNigeria nasempuma kwiDemocratic Republic of the Congo. Amagqabi ayo made kakhulu, akwazi ukufikelela kwiisentimitha eziyi-140 ubude ukuya kuthi ga kwiisentimitha ezili-10 ububanzi, ziqinile, kwaye ziluhlaza mnyama kunye nemigca eluhlaza ekhanyayo enqamlezileyo.

Iintyatyambo ziqokelelwe ngokwamaqela ukuya kuthi ga kwiisentimitha ezingama-80 ubude, kwaye zimhlophe-luhlaza. Isiqhamo siqunube seorenji.

I-Sansevieria cylindrica

I-Sansevieria cylindrica embizeni

Umfanekiso -Flickr / Marlon Machado // I-Sansevieria cylindrica var. patula 'Boncel'

Sisityalo esizalelwa kwi-tropical Afrika, ngakumbi i-Angola, yona ayinamagqabi ayi-cylindrical ngaphezulu okanye athe tyaba kancinci ukuya kuthi ga kwiimitha ezi-2 ubude ngeesentimitha ezi-3 ububanzi, luhlaza ngamabhanti ohlaza okomnyama.

Iintyatyambo ezimhlophe zivela kwisiqu seentyatyambo esingenamagqabi ekuthiwa yi-Escape esifikelela kwimitha enye ubude. Isiqhamo siqunube esincinci malunga neesentimitha eziyi-1 ububanzi.

Ziintoni ezibakhathazayo?

Ukuba ufuna ikopi, sicebisa ukuba ubonelele ngale nkathalelo ilandelayo:

Ubicación

Iya kuxhomekeka apho ufuna ukuba nayo 🙂:

  • Ngaphakathi: kwigumbi eliqaqambileyo, kodwa ngaphandle kokukhanya ngokuthe ngqo.
  • phandle: kumthunzi ophakathi, umzekelo, phantsi komthunzi womthi.

Umhlaba

Kwakhona, kuxhomekeke:

  • Imbiza yeentyatyambo: Iyaguquguquka, kodwa iya kukhula ngcono kumxube wesimbo esiphakathi esikhulayo kunye ne-50% ye-perlite. Unokufumana eyokuqala apha neyesibini apha. Olunye ukhetho yi-akadama (iyathengiswa aphaokanye ipumice (iyathengiswa apha).
  • Jadini: ikhula kwimihlaba ehlwempuzekileyo, enomsele olungileyo. Ukuba eyakho ayinjalo, zive ukhululekile ukwenza umngxunya wokutyala omalunga nama-50 x 50 iisentimitha, kwaye uwuzalise ngomxube wemiqhekeza ekhankanywe apha ngasentla.

Unkcenkceshelo

I-Sansevieria trifasciata iintyatyambo

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / Vinayaraj // Iintyatyambo ze ISansevieria trifasciata

Le yenye yezinto iSansevieria enayo ngokufanayo ne-cacti, i-succulents, kwaye ekugqibeleni ine-succulents esaziyo sonke: zifuna umngcipheko onqabileyo. Ngapha koko, esi sesinye sezizathu zokuba bangangqubana kwigadi yecacti, okanye iisucculents, okanye naphakathi kweqela IPachypodium lamerei umzekelo.

Zijonge kakhulu ukubola kwengcambu okubangelwe kukuxinana kwamanzi, ke kufuneka unkcenkceshele kuphela xa umhlaba womile kwaphela. Ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi, eyona nto ilungileyo kukuqhubeka nokuyinkcenkceshela kanye ngeveki ehlotyeni, kwaye zonke iintsuku ezili-10 ukuya kwezi-20 kulo lonke unyaka.

Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Yonke into ofuna ukuyazi malunga nokunkcenkceshela iscuculents

Amagqabi akufuneki abe manzi, kwaye ukuba unesitya esingaphantsi, kuya kufuneka ususe amanzi agqithisileyo kwimizuzu engama-20 emva kokunkcenkceshela.

Umbhalisi

Ukususela ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo ukuya ngasekupheleni kwehlobo. Ungasebenzisa isichumisi esimnandi esinamanzi esele unawo ekhaya, okanye onokuthenga kuso apha. Landela imiyalelo echazwe kwiphakheji ukunqanda iziphumo zokudlula ngaphezulu (iingcambu ezonakeleyo, amagqabi atyheli okanye omile, ukubanjwa kokukhula kunye / okanye ukufa kwesityalo).

Ukutyala kunye / okanye ukutshintsha ixesha

Ngentwasahlobo, xa umngcipheko weqabaka udlulile.

Iindyikitya zokufa nezifo

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Peter A. Mansfeld // ISansevieria erythraeae

Inzima kakhulu. Nangona kunjalo, kubalulekile ukulawula indlela iimollusk (ngakumbi iinkumba) ngexesha lemvula. Kananjalo bona amakhowa xa amanzi.

Ukuphindaphinda

ISansevieria iphindaphindeka ngembewu nangokuzahlula kwiiswitshi entwasahlobo-ehlotyeni. Masibone ukuba ungaqhubeka njani kwimeko nganye:

Imbewu

Ukuphindaphinda ngembewu, kuya kufuneka ugcwalise imbiza enemingxunya enomhlaba wonke oxutywe ne-50% ye-perlite, uyinyibilikise kakuhle emva koko uyibeke ngaphezulu, uyigubungele nge-substrate encinci.

Ukubeka imbiza kufutshane nomthombo wobushushu, kunye nokugcina umhlaba umanzi, kuya kuhluma malunga neeveki ezimbini okanye ezintathu.

Umncinci

Zingahlulwa ngononophelo, ngoncedo lwegaba elincinane ukuba lisemhlabeni, okanye ngokususa isityalo embizeni uyinqunqe ngemela ebifakwe iintsholongwane ngaphambili, emva koko uyityale kwenye indawo yegadi okanye kwesinye isikhongozeli.

Ukusebenza ngokukhawuleza

Iyamelana nengqele, kodwa iqabaka iyayilimaza. Ngokwamava ndiyakuxelela ukuba xa iyehla yafika ku -2ºC ngexesha elifutshane nangendlela emfutshane, akukho nto izakwenzeka kuyo, kodwa iyafumana umonakalo kwisichotho.

Zeziphi izinto abazinikwayo?

I-Sansevieria grandis egadini

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Peter A. Mansfeld // Abazukulwana baseSansevieria

I-Sansevieria zizityalo ezithi zisetyenziswa njengezihombiso kuphela, kodwa ngaphandle kwaleyo, nayo zezona zicocekileyo zokucoca umoya. Ngokukodwa, i-NASA kwifayile ye- kufunda Ngo-1989 kutyhilwa oko ISansevieria trifasciata isusa i-benzene, i-xylene kunye ne-toluene, ngaloo ndlela icoca umoya esiwuphefumlayo.

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