IPoinsettia (i-Euphorbia pulcherrima)

I-poinsettia sisihlahla esimnandi

Ukuba kukho uhlobo lwe-euphorbia oludume kakhulu kwihlabathi lonke, lukhula egadini nasemakhaya, oko ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo I-Euphorbia pulcherrima, eyaziwayo kangcono mzantsiweb.

Sisityalo esingasifumani rhoqo kwiindawo zokugcina izityalo ezinamanzi amnandi, kuba senze uphawu lweKrisimesi kwaye ngenxa yoko sihlala sisibiza ngokuba sisityalo sangaphakathi, kodwa inyani kukuba intle nakwigadi yecactus.

Imvelaphi kunye neempawu zepoinsettia

I-Euphorbia pulcherrima ngumthi onqabileyo

Yisihlahla okanye isihlahla esinqumlayo saseMexico naseMbindi Merika esifumana amagama aqhelekileyo e-poinsettia, intyatyambo yekrisimesi, i-poinsettia okanye i-poinsettia, kunye nesayensi. I-Euphorbia pulcherrima. Ikhula ukuya kubude beemitha ezili-4, enesithsaba esine-branched esincinci esenziwe ngeziqu ezi-hollow ezizaliswe ngento emhlophe: i-latex, ecaphukisa ulusu.

Amagqabi ayi-lanceolate okanye ovate-elliptical ngesimo, kunye nomda wonke okanye ngandlela ithile, kwaye eluhlaza ngombala. Iintyatyambo ziqokelelwe kwii-inflorescence ezenziwa yintyatyambo yabasetyhini ngaphandle kwamagqabi okanye ii-sepals, zijikelezwe ziintyatyambo zesilisa eziphuma kulwakhiwo olubonakala luyintyatyambo enye kodwa enyanisweni kukho ezininzi ezibizwa ngokuba ziicyatus. Ezi inflorescence zijikelezwe zii-bracts, Oko kukuthi, ngamagqabi aguquliweyo, abomvu, tyheli, okanye eyahlukileyo.

Zidubula ebusika. Ngokwendalo ikwenza oko ebusika, ngamanye amaxesha ukusuka kuNovemba ukuya kuJanuwari kuMantla eIkhweyitha, kodwa isityalo singakhohliswa ukuba sikwenze ngeKrisimesi ngokusibeka kwindawo apho singafumani kukhanya kwiiyure ezili-12 ukusuka ku-Okthobha.

Uzikhathalela njani?

Ukuba ufuna ikopi, sicebisa ukuba ubonelele ngale nkathalelo ilandelayo:

Ubicación

La I-Euphorbia pulcherrima sisityalo esikhetha ukuba njalo ngaphandle, emthunzini omnyama. Nangona kunjalo, ukuba ubusika buyabanda kwaye buneqabaka, kufuneka bube ngaphakathi endlwini ngelo xesha lonyaka, uhlala kude kude noyilo nakwigumbi eliqaqambileyo.

Umhlaba

  • Imbiza yeentyatyambo: Yigcwalise nge-substrate etyebileyo kwizinto eziphilayo kwaye ine-drainage elungileyo. Umzekelo, umxube olungileyo uza kuba yi-70% ye-substrate + yeepesenti ezingama-30%.
  • Jadini: ikhula kakuhle kwimihlaba echumileyo, efumileyo. Gcina ukhumbula ukuba inovakalelo kumanzi amaninzi kunye nokuxinana kwamanzi, ke ukuba umhlaba othambekele ekubeni ubumbane, yenza umngxunya wokutyala ubuncinci oyi-50 x 50cm (ngcono ukuba yi-1m x 1m), uze uwugcwalise ngomhlaba omnyama oxubeneyo nge-perlite kwiindawo ezilinganayo kwaye utyale i-poinsettia kuyo.

Unkcenkceshelo

I-poinsettia okanye i-poinsettia sisityalo esithi kufuneka unkcenkceshele amaxesha ngamaxesha. Umkhukula uyonakalisa, kodwa kunjalo nangembalela, yiyo loo nto ukuthintela iingxaki sikucebisa oku kulandelayo:

  • Phambi kokuba unkcenkceshele, jonga ukufuma komhlaba, umzekelo ngokufaka intonga: ukuba xa uyisusa iphuma nomhlaba omninzi, musa ukunkcenkceshela. Xa ungathandabuzeki, linda iintsuku ezimbalwa.
  • Musa ukubeka ipleyiti phantsi kwayo okanye uyibeke embizeni engenamingxuma: Amanzi amileyo abola iingcambu zawo.
  • Sukuyitshiza / uyifafaze ngamanzi: amagqabi ayo abola ngokulula. Kungcono ukubeka izikhongozeli ezinamanzi zijikeleze.

Umbhalisi

Ukususela ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo ukuya ehlotyeni kunomdla wokuyihlawula ngegiyano (ulwelo) kulandela izikhombisi ezichazwe kwiphakheji. Ekwindla nasebusika ungongeza icephe elincinci le-nitrophoska eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka kube kanye ngeveki; Ngale ndlela uya kuqinisekisa ukuba iingcambu zabo zihlala zifudumele ngandlel 'ithile, kuya kuba lula kubo ukoyisa ubusika. Eli qhinga liluncedo ngakumbi xa ukhulele ngaphandle, kwiindawo apho, nangona imozulu ipholile, kunokubakho iqabaka elincinci ukuya kuthi ga ku-2ºC.

Izinambuzane

Isengozini Isigcawu esibomvumealybugs ntwala, i-whitefly kunye ne-thrips. Ngethamsanqa, sisityalo esincinci, ke unokuzisusa ngebrashi egalelwe etywaleni ekhemesti.

Ukuba ixhaphake kakhulu, ungasebenzisa umhlaba we-diatomaceous okanye isepha ye-potassium.

Izifo

I-poinsettia sisityalo sokuhombisa

Ukuba unkcenkceshelwa kakhulu okanye okusingqongileyo kufume kakhulu, kunokuchaphazeleka amakhowanjenge umhlwa, la ibhotile kunye nePythium. Ukunkcenkceshela kufuneka kulawulwe, kwaye xa ngaba sele kukho iimpawu zokubola, ukusika nokunyanga ngefungicide.

Iingxaki

Ezona ngxaki zixhaphakileyo zezi:

  • Ukuwa kwegqabi: inokuba ngenxa yokubanda okanye iidrafti.
  • Ukuphulukana nombala wegqabi: ukungabikho kokukhanya.
  • Amagqabi abunile awela ngokukhawuleza: ukugqithisa kwamanzi.
  • Amagqabi ajika abe tyheli eshiya imithambo-luvo ibonakala kakuhle: intswelo yentsimbi. Faka isicelo se-iron chelates kunye namanzi ngamanzi angenayo ikalika.

Ukuphindaphinda

IPoinsettia iphindaphindwe ngokusikwa ngentwasahlobo, ngokulandela eli nyathelo ngenyathelo:

  1. Okokuqala, kunqunyulwa isiqu esele siqalisile ukuziphendulela, oko kukuthi, simi semi-Woody.
  2. Isiseko emva koko sigalelwe umgubo wehomoni.
  3. Emva koko, imbiza igcwele ivermiculite ebifuduswe ngaphambili ngamanzi.
  4. Emva koko, kwenziwa umngxunya omncinci embindini.
  5. Okokugqibela, ukusika kutyalwe emngxunyeni, kwaye imbiza igqityiwe.

Ngoku kufuneka ubeke ngaphandle, emthunzini, kwaye ugcine i-substrate ifumile kodwa ngaphandle kwezikhukula.

Ukutyala okanye ukutshintsha ixesha

En primavera, xa umngcipheko weqabaka udlulile.

Ukusebenza ngokukhawuleza

Inqaba ikhephu ukuya -2ºC, kodwa izityalo zabantwana ziethe-ethe kakhulu, nto leyo eyenza ukuba unyaka wokuqala ube nzima kakhulu.

Ukuthenga phi?

Ungayifumana apha:


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.