IHylocereus

Intyatyambo yeHylocereus inkulu kwaye imhlophe

I-cacti yohlobo lweHylocereus ibonakaliswa ngokuba zizityalo ezinobungakanani obulungileyo, ukongeza ekuveliseni iintyatyambo zobuhle obungaqhelekanga. Nangona ngelishwa ezi zixesha lasebusuku, kufanelekile ukuba uhlale phezulu ukuze uzibone, kuba zihlala zivulekile ixesha elifutshane kakhulu ukusukela oko zivala ekuzeni kokusa.

Ukugcinwa kwayo kulula. Ngokwamava am, ndiyakuxelela ukuba yenye yecacti eyiyeyona iyichasayo imbalela. Andithethi ngembalela ethatha iintsuku, ukuba ayithethi leyo ihlala iinyanga. Ikhona enye kwigadi yam kwaye ayinakuze inkcenkceshelwe, ngaphandle kwento yokuba kunetha nje kancinci (malunga ne-350mm yemvula enayo ngonyaka). Kuyo yonke le nto, IHylocereus ifanelekile kwabo bafuna izityalo ezilula.

Imvelaphi kunye neempawu zeHylocereus

Abalinganiswa bethu abaphambili yi-cacti yemveli evela eMexico, kuMbindi Merika nakwinxalenye esemantla yo Mzantsi Melika efikelela kubude obufikelela kwiimitha ezili-10. Zikhula ngeziqu ezineembambo kwimida esiza kufumana kuyo ii-areolas. Kwezi, rhoqo imiqolo ihluma kancinci okanye mfutshane ngokuxhomekeke kuhlobo, kunye neentyatyambo zazo ezinkulu ezinevumba elimnandi enokufikelela kumasentimitha angama-30 ubukhulu.

Iziqhamo abazivelisayo ngamaqunube aphakathi kweesentimitha ezisi-7 ukuya kwezili-14 ubude ngeesentimitha ezi-5 ukuya kwezi-9 ububanzi., kwaye banomgubo omhlophe okanye obomvu. Ezi zifanelekile ukutyiwa ngabantu, kwaye incasa yazo imnandi. Okona kwaziwayo ngokungathandabuzekiyo yile yepitahaya (IHylocereus undatus), lelona lelinywa kakhulu kwimimandla eshushu enje ngeSpain.

Iintlobo eziphambili

Kunzima ukuwadwelisa, kuba kukho iintlobo ezininzi, kwaye ukuba oko akwanelanga anokufana kakhulu noSelenicereus. Kodwa ungakhathazeki. Emva koko siza kuthetha ngezona ntlobo zaziwayo:

IHylocereus costaricensis

IHylocereus costaricensis yicactus ye-hemiepiphytic cactus

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / David J. Stang

Yaziwa njenge pitaya yaseCosta Rica, nangona ikhula eVenezuela naseColombia. Iziqu zayo zinxantathu kwaye zilingana ukuya kwii-intshi ezine ubukhulu. Iintyatyambo zimhlophe, zinuka kamnandi kakhulu, kwaye zinobubanzi obuphakathi kwama-22 nama-30 eesentimitha. Isiqhamo yi-ovate okanye iglobose berry yombala we-magenta onomgubo omfusa.

IHylocereus megalanthus

Ipitahaya etyheli ineziqhamo ezityheli

Umfanekiso -Flickr / Andreas Kay

Eyaziwa ngokulula njenge-pitahaya, yindawo ehlala kuyo i-cactus evela kwi-tropical America, apho ihlala kwindawo ezinjengeRiphabhlikhi yaseDominican, iVenezuela okanye i-Ecuador. Luhlobo lweHylocereus oluvelisa ezona ntyatyambo zinkulu: ukuya kuthi ga kwiisentimitha ezingama-38. Ukongeza, inolunye uphawu olunomdla kwaye yiyo evelisa iziqhamo ezityheli.

IHylocereus monacanthus

IHylocereus monacanthus yicactus emhlophe

Umfanekiso -Flickr / Andrew Kass

Olu luhlobo lwendalo kwitropiki yaseMelika, ngakumbi iCosta Rica, iPanama neVenezuela. Njengayo enye iHylocereus, ikhula njengesihlahlana esinezirhubuluzi okanye iziqu ezijingayo. Iintyatyambo zimhlophe kwaye zilingana ukuya kwi-17 yeesentimitha ububanzi..

IHylocereus undatus

Ipitahaya yeyona ixhaphakileyo

La pitahaya yi-cactus eyinzalelwane yaku Mbindi Merika ekhula njenge hemiepiphyte shrub ngesiqhelo, nangona inokuba ngumkhweli ukuba ibonelelwa ngenkxaso yokukhwela kuyo. Iziqu ziluhlaza, kwaye iintyatyambo ezimhlophe ezinamathenda aluhlaza ziphuma kwii-areolas zazo. Isiqhamo siqunube elibomvu okanye limthubi elilingana neesentimitha ezili-12 ububanzi.

IHylocereus triangularis (ngoku IHylocereus trigonus)

IHylocereus triangularis zii-cacti ezinkulu ezihamba-hamba

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / URichard C. Hoyer, iiWings

Yaziwa njengentyatyambo yecalyx, iyindawo ye-cactus ehlala kwiiVirgin Islands (kwii-Antilles ezincinci) nasePuerto Rico. Ikhula njengomkhweli ukuya kwiimitha ezili-10, kwaye Sisityalo esivelisa iintyatyambo ezimhlophe malunga neesentimitha ezingama-25. Iziqhamo ziijikijolo ezinemilo emide, ukuya kuthi ga kwiisentimitha ezi-5 ububanzi ukuya kuthi ga kwiisentimitha ezili-10 ubude.

Unonophelo lweHylocereus

Ukuba ufuna ukukhulisa iHylocereus yakho, emva koko siza kuchaza yonke into oyifunayo ukuze ubenze babe sempilweni:

Ubicación

Ziyi-cacti ezifuna ukukhanya okukhulu, ke kuyacetyiswa ukuba bakhulele ngaphandle. Kungangcono ukuba babe nabo ekhaya ukuba iqabaka libhaliswe ebusika, kuba linokubangela umonakalo omkhulu.

Umhlaba okanye i-substrate

  • Imbiza yeentyatyambo: Ukuba uza kuzikhulisa embizeni, sebenzisa iziqwengana ezikhupha amanzi kakuhle. Kubalulekile ukuba zikhanyise, kwaye abanalo utyekelo lokudibana, kuba ezi cacti azichasani nokufuma okungaphezulu. Ngesi sizathu, ukhetho olulungileyo yipeat exutywe ne-perlite (iyathengiswa apha) ngokulinganayo. Kwakhona, kuya kufuneka ukhethe isikhongozeli esinemingxunya kwisiseko saso.
  • Jadini: Kuyimfuneko ukuba umhlaba ufunxe amanzi ngokukhawuleza. Ngesi sizathu, akufuneki batyalwe kumhlaba onzima kakhulu, ngaphandle kokuba kwenziwe umngxunya ubuncinane we-1 x 1 yemitha, kwaye uzaliswe yipompu (iyathengiswa apha) Umzekelo, oyisiqwengana somhlaba kunye nezilungele ukuba iingcambu zihlala zihleli kakuhle.

Unkcenkceshelo

Unkcenkceshelo kufuneka kunqabile. Nangona ziyi-cacti yetropiki, isezizityalo ezigcina amanzi kwiziqu zazo, into ebanceda boyise imbalela enokubakho kwindawo yabo yendalo. Ke ngoko, ukuba zikhulile egadini, kufuneka zinkcenkceshelwe ngamaxesha athile.

Ewe kunjalo, imeko yahlukile ukuba igcinwe embizeni. Kule meko, iya kunkcenkceshelwa ubuncinci kube kanye okanye kabini ngeveki ukuze uhlale unamanzi.

Umbhalisi

Njengoko iHylocereus ivelisa iziqhamo ezinokutya, Kukhethwa ukuba ubabhatale ngezichumiso eziphilayo endaweni yeekhemikhali, ezinje ngeguano (iyathengiswa apha) okanye umgquba entwasahlobo nasehlotyeni. Ke, kunokwenzeka ukuba ukuphucula iipropathi zomhlaba, okanye i-substrate, kuxhomekeke ekubeni ikhulile egadini okanye embizeni.

Ukuphindaphinda

IHylocereus iphindaphindwe ngembewu okanye ngokusika

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / Anne Jea.

Ziyi-cactus leyo zande kakuhle ngokusikwa kwesiqu entwasahlobo. Ezi ziyasikwa, ziyekwe zome iveki kwindawo ekhuselekileyo, emva koko zityalwe embizeni ngomhlaba wecactus. Ukuba yonke into ihamba kakuhle, siya kubona ukuba ithatha ingcambu emva kweentsuku ezili-15-17.

Enye indlela yokufumana izityalo ezitsha yile ukuhlwayela imbewu, nako nasentwasahlobo. Kodwa kuya kufuneka ukhumbule ukuba ukuze iHylocereus yakho ivelise iziqhamo, ezizizo eziqulathiweyo, kufanele ukuba kubekho omnye umzekelo wentyatyambo ukuze kwenzeke umungu.

Enye indlela kukuthenga imbewu, kwaye uyihlwayele kwiimbiza kunye ne-substrate yezithole. Emva koko zifakwa emthunzini omncinci, kwaye i-substrate igcinwa ifumile ukuze ihlume malunga neentsuku ezingama-20.

Ukusebenza ngokukhawuleza

Iya kuxhomekeka kakhulu kwindidi, kodwa ngokubanzi Akucetyiswa ukuba ubabeke kumaqondo obushushu angaphantsi kwe-0 degrees. I IHylocereus undatus Ewe inokubamba ukuya kuthi ga kwi-2ºC, okoko ikhuselekile komoya kancinci kwaye kukho amaxesha athile eqabaka.

Ukusetyenziswa kweHylocereus

Ezi Zizityalo ezinexabiso elikhulu kakhulu, ezinokulinywa ezimbizeni okanye egadini. Njengoko zine-shrub okanye i-creeping bearing ngokuxhomekeke ekubeni ingaba ayinayo na inkxaso, ijongeka intle kakhulu, umzekelo egubungela iilethi okanye iindonga.

Nangona kunjalo, ukusetyenziswa kwayo okuthandabuzekayo ngokungathandabuzekiyo kuyatyiwa. I-pitahaya ityebile ngamanzi, kwaye kwizimbiwa kubalulekile njenge-iron, i-phosphorus okanye i-calcium, kunye neevithamini B, C kunye no-E. Ke ngoko, kufanelekile ukuphelisa unxano kodwa kunye nokunciphisa iimpawu zezifo ezithile, njenge-anemia.

Ukuthenga phi?

Ukuba ufuna isityalo, ungasifumana apha.

Kwaye wena, unayo nayiphi na iHylocereus?


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