IGiant Cardon (iPachycereus pringlei)

Jonga iPachycereus pringlei kwindawo yokuhlala

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia /UTomascastelazo

El IPachycereus pringlei Ngenye yeekholamu ezilula kakhulu ukuzinyamekela, kwaye yenye yezona zifana kakhulu neCarnegiea gigantea (saguaro). Kuyinyani, ayiqhelekanga ukubabhidisa xa bebadala, kodwa xa babesebancinci ... xa babesebatsha lelinye ibali 🙂.

Isantya sokukhula kwayo ayisiyiyo ukuba iphakame kakhulu, kodwa sisityalo oza kusibona sikhudlwana unyaka nonyaka. Kodwa ikwaxhathisa iqabaka ebuthathaka ngaphandle kokonakaliswa, yiyo loo nto Luhlobo olunomdla kakhulu kwiigadi zeXero.

Imvelaphi kunye neempawu ze IPachycereus pringlei

Yaziwa njengecardon, giant cardón okanye saguesa, le yi-cactus engapheliyo yeBaja California kunye neSonora eMexico, kunye nenyakatho yeArgentina. Igama layo lenzululwazi ngu IPachycereus pringlei, ogama linguSereno Watson, uNathaniel Lord Britton noJoseph Nelson Rose ngo-1987 behlonipha uCyrus Pringlei.

Unokufikelela kubude beemitha ezili-19, ngesiqu esifikelela kwimitha e-1 ubukhulu., nangona into eqhelekileyo kukuba kulimo aludluli kwiimitha ezi-6-7 ukuphakama. Iziqu zayo zikhula phantse ngokuthe tye, kwaye zenziwe ngeembambo eziphawulwe kakhulu eziphelweni zazo zineesola, ezikhulu, ezembhoxo kwaye ezinoboya obufutshane obunombala omdaka ngwevu. Iintsiba zivela kwii-areola kwinani lama-20, kwaye zibomvu okanye bomdaka-mnyama zijika zibe zimvi; ezi-radial zilinganisa phakathi kwe-2 kunye ne-3cm ubude, kwaye ezembindini (1 okanye 2) zilingana ukuya kwiisentimitha ezi-5 kwaye zomelele.

Blooms ehlotyeni, kodwa kuphela ukuba i-specimen i-3-4 yeemitha ubude. Iintyatyambo zimile okwefaneli kwaye zilinganisa i-5 ukuya kwi-8,5cm ubude. Zibomvu ngaphandle kwaye zimhlophe ngaphakathi. Bahluma ngaphezulu kwecactus, kodwa banokuhluma ukusuka kwizikhondo ezisezantsi.

Ziintoni ezibakhathazayo?

Iintsiba zePachycereus pringlei zinde

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / Krzysztof Golik

Ubicación

El IPachycereus pringlei imelwe kukuba ibenjalo ngaphandle, kwilanga elipheleleyo. Nangona kunjalo, kwii-nursery zihlala zigcinwa emthunzini, ngakumbi ukuba zisencinci, ke ungathandabuzi ukuyibeka kwindawo ekhuselekileyo kwinkosi yenkwenkwezi kwaye ngokuthe ngcembe uyiqhela. Ngale ndlela, uya kuthintela ukuba ingatshi.

Umhlaba

  • Imbiza yeentyatyambo: kufuneka ibe yinyosi ukulungiselela umsele olungileyo. Hlanganisa i-substrate yendawo yonke kunye ne-perlite kwiindawo ezilinganayo, kodwa ukuba unokufumana ipumice (kuthengiswa apha), akadama (iyathengiswa apha), okanye igrabile entle (1-3mm) ngcono.
  • Jadini: enjalo. Ukuba umhlaba unomkhwa wokubumbana, yenza umngxunya omalunga nama-50cm x 50cm (ngokufanelekileyo ibeyi-1m x 1m), uze uwugcwalise ngemixholwana ekhankanywe ngasentla.

Unkcenkceshelo

Endaweni yoko kunqabile. Yi-cactus eyoyika ukugcwala kwamanzi, yiyo loo nto umhlaba okanye i-substrate kufuneka ivunyelwe ukuba yome ngokupheleleyo ngaphambi kokunkcenkceshela kwakhona.

Ukuba unayo embizeni, qiniseka ukuba inemingxunya yokuhambisa amanzi. Ukuba unesitya esingaphantsi, susa amanzi agqithisileyo kwimizuzu engama-30 emva kokunkcenkceshela ukunqanda iingcambu ukuba zingaboli.

ICopiapoa hypogaea
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Ndazi njani ukuba icactus yam iyabola?

Xa unkcenkceshela, musa ukumanzisa icactus, ngumhlaba nje.

Umbhalisi

Kucetyiswa kakhulu ukuba uyihlawule ukusuka ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo ukuya ngasekupheleni kwehlobo ngezichumisi zecactus (ziyathengiswa aphaukulandela izikhombisi ezichazwe kwiphakheji.

Ukuphindaphinda

Ikhadibhon enkulu iphindaphindwa ngembewu kunye nokusika entwasahlobo-ehlotyeni. Sazise indlela yokuqhubeka kwimeko nganye:

Imbewu

Jonga iziqhamo zikaPachycereus pringlei

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Umfoti

Imbewu yecacti incinci kakhulu, kwaye ezo zintlobo azikho ngaphandle. Ukuthintela ukulahleka kwabo, sicebisa ukuba bangaphakathi kwigumbi elivaliweyo ukuze umoya ungabathwali. Kamva, Kuya kufuneka ulandele eli nyathelo ngenyathelo:

  1. Okokuqala, gcwalisa imbiza nge-substrate yendalo iphela (iyathengiswa apha) kunye ne-perlite (iyathengiswa apha) ngokulinganayo.
  2. Amanzi ngokunyaniseka.
  3. Emva koko hlwayela imbewu, uzama ukuba ungenzi iimfumba.
  4. Okokugqibela, bagqume ngomaleko omncinci we-substrate, kwaye uphinde unkcenkceshele ngeli xesha ngesitshizi.

Ngoku kuya kufuneka ubeke imbiza ngaphandle, emthunzini, kwaye ugcine i-substrate ifumile kodwa ingabi namanzi. Ngenxa yoko ziya kuhluma malunga neentsuku ezili-15.

Ukusika

Yeyona ndlela ikhawulezayo yokufumana ikopi entsha ye IPachycereus pringlei. Ngenxa yoko, okwenziwayo kukusika isiqwenga esimalunga ne-30cm, yeka inxeba lome malunga neentsuku ezisi-7 ukuya kwezi-10, emva koko ulityale (ungayibetheli) embizeni ngesidlele okanye izinto ezinje.

Unokumitha isiseko sezinto ezisikiweyo kunye neehomoni ezisisiseko (ziyathengiswa Akukho mveliso ifunyenweyo) phambi kokutyala ukuyinceda ukuba ikhule ngokukhawuleza, kodwa ayimfuneko.

Iindyikitya zokufa nezifo

Ungacinga ukuba ngala meva anayo, akanazintshaba, kodwa unazo. Kufuneka ikhuselwe kuyo iinkumba kunye ne-slugsKunye nokunkcenkceshela okungaphezulu.

Ukugxotha iimollusks onokuzisebenzisa umhlaba owomileyo (kwintengiso Akukho mveliso ifunyenweyo) kwelinye icala, ukunqanda owesibini, kufuneka ulawule ukunkcenkceshela kakhulu, vumela umhlaba wome kwaye, ukuba ungathandabuzi, jonga ukufuma kwe-substrate.

Ukusebenza ngokukhawuleza

Jonga iPachycereus pringlei

Umelana neqabaka ezibuthathaka ukuya kuthi ga -3ºC, ukuba ngaba zexeshana elifutshane kwaye zifika ngexesha.

Ucinga ntoni nge IPachycereus pringlei?


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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