Iphathwa njani i-rust on succulents?

Umhlwa sisifo sokungunda

Umfanekiso- ikhonsasin.blogspot.com

I-Cacti, isucculents kunye nezityalo ezine caudex zihlala ziyanyangeka kwizitshabalalisi nakwizifo, kodwa ngamanye amaxesha ukungakhathali kuyazenza buthathaka, oko ke kutsala iintsholongwane ezahlukeneyo, ezinje ngePuccinia neMelampsora, ifungi oya kuyazi ngcono ngegama layo eliqhelekileyo: umhlwa.

Olu tshaba lomngundo alukhathalelanga ukuba loluphi uhlobo lwesityalo esinokusulela; Ngapha koko, yenye yezona zihlala zibonwa egadini kwaye, ngelishwa, nakwiingqokelela. Kodwa ungakhathazeki: Kuninzi ongakwenza ukuyigcina ikukude kwiscuculents sakho 😉.

Yintoni umhlwa?

Zininzi izinto zomngundo ezibangela umhlwa, njenge Melampsora

Ikwabizwa ngokuba ngumhlwa omnyama, Sisifo esisasazwa ngundo ezahlukeneyo ezihlala emhlabeni, okanye banokuba kwi-substrate ngokunjalo. Njengalo lonke usapho lwayo, indawo eshushu nefumileyo, ke ziyasebenza kakhulu ngexesha lasentwasahlobo nasehlotyeni.

Kodwa ke, musa ukuvumela ukulinda kwakho: ubusika obunamaqondo obushushu aphakathi kunye nokunkcenkceshela okugqithileyo kunokubangela nakuphi na ukugula okuhle.

Zithini iimpawu?

Ezona mpawu zixhaphakileyo zezi zilandelayo:

  • Inkangeleko yamaqhuma amancinci kakhulu kunye nembonakalo ephantse yajikeleza umbala omdaka-orenji okanye umbala obomvu. Siza kuzibona emzimbeni wecactus, okanye kumagqabi nakwiziqu zesucculents kunye nezityalo ezinecaudex.
  • Ukuwa kwegqabi, kodwa kuphela ukuba uhlaselo lukhulu.
  • Ukukhula kancinci. Kunzima ukuyibona kwiintlobo esele zikhula kancinci, ezinje I-Ariocarpus agavoides, kodwa ngokuchaseneyo, inokuqatshelwa kwabanye njengaleyo yohlobo lweAeonium.
  • Ngamanye amaxesha ukudubula ngaphandle kwexesha. Kunqabile kwii-succulents, kodwa xa isityalo sigula kakhulu, sinokusebenzisa onke amandla aso kwiintyatyambo ukuzama ukushiya inzala.

Inyangwa njani?

Unyango lwekhemikhali

Kubalulekile ukucacisa loo nto namhlanje akukho fungicide yemichiza esebenza njengeyeza lokunyanga. Oku kuthetha ukuba iimveliso esiza kuzifumana kwiindawo zokugcina izityalo ziya kuba luncedo ukulawula isifo siye kwinqanaba lokunciphisa iimpawu kwaye ngaloo ndlela siqinisekise ukuba amajoni omzimba ezityalo angazigcina zisemngciphekweni; kodwa ayikho enye into.

Baza kuba sempilweni okwethutyana, kodwa xa benophawu oluncinci lokuba buthathaka, baya kuba neempawu kwakhona. Ukuba ndinokwenza uthelekiso, kwenzeka into efanayo nengqele eqhelekileyo esinayo amaxesha ngamaxesha: siphilile iinyanga ezimbalwa, kodwa kukho ukwehla okukhulu kumaqondo obushushu (umzekelo) kwaye ekuphela kwento esinayo amayeza aphelisa iimpawu zethu, kodwa awaphilisi.

Ke, xa sele uyithethile loo nto, yeyiphi imveliso oza kuyisebenzisa kwimeko apho i-succulents ine-rusi? Kulungile ke, ezona zicetyiswayo zezona ziqulathe ioksicarboxin, ngokusebenza kwayo ngokukhawuleza. Ewe kufanelekile ukuba ulandele imiyalelo echazwe kwisikhongozeli kwileta, ungayisebenzisi ukuba isityalo sichanekile elangeni (lindela ukutshona kwelanga) okanye ngeentsuku ezinomoya, kwaye ubeke iiglavu zerabha ukukhusela ngokwakho.

Unyango lwasekhaya

Isalfure engumgubo yinto efanelekileyo yokubulala ukungunda

Umfanekiso - plagaswiki.com

Ukuba sikhetha ukusebenzisa iimveliso zasekhaya okanye zendalo, Ubhedu okanye isalfure powder icetyiswa kakhulu. Zombini ziyindlela efanelekileyo yokubulala ukungunda kwendalo, kangangokuba kwiindawo zokugcina izityalo kuba lula ukufumana iimveliso eziqulathe enye okanye enye enokusetyenziswa kulimo lwezinto eziphilayo.

Ngayiphi na imeko, kusenokwenzeka ukuba kubiza ixabiso eliphantsi ukuzithenga ngqo kwiivenkile zasegadini (hayi indawo yokugcina izityalo), okanye kwezo zithengisa intwana yazo zonke izinto.

Zimbini iindlela zokusetyenziswa:

  • Enye kukutshiza / ukutshiza isityalo ukuba siphathwe ngamanzi emva koko sitshize ubhedu okanye isalfure phezu kwaso, ngokungathi sifaka ityuwa kwisaladi, siphephe ukugqitha.
  • Enye inyibilikisa icephe elinye okanye ezimbini zobhedu okanye isalfure kwilitha enye yamanzi kunye nokutshiza isityalo.

Ngayiphi na imeko, kuya kufuneka uzame ukuyenza ngeentsuku apho kungekho moya, kwaye uhlala unemodeli yokuphathwa ekhuselweyo elangeni (okanye, njengoko besitshilo ngaphambili, linda ukutshona kwelanga).

Kukwacetyiswa kakhulu ukuba uthule kancinci kwi-substrate emva koko amanzi.

Ngaba inokuthintelwa?

Enye indlela yokuthintela umhlwa kukutyala izityalo kwiimbiza ezinobubanzi obufanelekileyo.

Asikho isifo esinokuthintelwa nge-100%, kodwa kuyinyani ukuba xa sithetha ngezityalo ezinencasa kukho amanyathelo athile, ukuzithatha kuya kusinceda sizenze zibe sempilweni. Zezi:

  • Amanzi kuphela xa kukho imfuneko, vumela i-substrate okanye umhlaba wome phakathi kokunkcenkceshela.
  • Musa ukugqitha emanzini, njengoko ebola ngokulula ngale ndlela.
  • Kwimeko yokuba unayo kwiimbiza, sebenzisa ii-substrates ezinomjelo olungileyo, ococa amanzi ngokukhawuleza. Kananjalo akufuneki ubeke isitya phantsi kwazo.
  • Ukuba siza kubatyala kumhlaba odityanisiweyo, eyona nto intle iya kuba kukwenza umngxunya omkhulu, kwaye ugcwalise ngepeat emnyama exutywe ne-50% perlite umzekelo.
  • Chumisa ngalo lonke ixesha lokukhula, kuba ukuze ube sempilweni ngokwenene kufuneka amanzi kodwa kunye nokutya. Siza kusebenzisa izichumisi ezithile zeCacti kunye nezinye iisucculents, okanye iblue nitrophoska.
  • Kuya kufuneka uqiniseke ukuba banendawo abayifunayo ukuze bakhule. Egadini, akufuneki utyale iintlobo ezimbini ezinkulu umzekelo; Kwaye ukuba zikhulile ngembiza, kufuneka ukhumbule ukuzitshintshela kwenye enkulu kwiminyaka emi-2 okanye emi-3.

Ngezi ngcebiso, umhlwa awuyi kuzikhathaza ii-succulents kakhulu 😉.


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  1.   ULila Aguilera sitsho

    Ndiyazithanda iingcebiso endizifundileyo kwaye ke ndiye ndafunda ukukhathalela ii-cacti zam kunye nee-succulents enkosi kakhulu

    1.    UMonica sanchez sitsho

      Siyavuya uyabathanda, Lila 🙂

  2.   Noemi sitsho

    Molo, i-cactus yam ine-rust kwelinye icala kwaye ndiyinyanga njani?

    1.    UMonica sanchez sitsho

      Molo uNoemi.

      Ingaba uyinkcenkceshela kangaphi? Inokuba kunkcenkceshelwa kakhulu kwaye yiyo loo nto loo mngundo uphumile. Kubalulekile ukunkcenkceshela xa umhlaba womile.

      Ukubulisa

  3.   ana sitsho

    Kulungile. Ndinecactus encinci enomhlwa.Ndifuna ukuyinyanga phambi kokuba ndiyifake embizeni endilisekileyo. Ndinenye i-cacti encinci kwaye andifuni ukuba yosuleleke. Ngaba ungandicebisa ukuba ndisiphathe njani isigulana kunye nendlela yokuphepha ukosulela abanye? Ndingancamathela ifoto kodwa ayiniki olo khetho. Enkosi

    1.    UMonica sanchez sitsho

      Molo Ana.

      Umhlwa sisifo esibangelwa yifungi, ngoko ke ndincoma ukusebenzisa i-fungicide equkethe ubhedu.

      Ukubulisa