Iintlobo zeAloe vera

Ikhala luhlobo olulodwa

Umfanekiso – Wikimedia/MidgleyDJ

I-Aloe vera luhlobo oluthandwa kakhulu: sikhula kwiigadi kunye nakwiindawo zokuhlala, kunye nakwiindawo zokuhlala okanye kwiibhalkhoni. Kwakhona siyisebenzisela inzuzo yethu, sithatha inzuzo kwiimpawu zayo zonyango. Ikhona phakathi kwethu kangangokuba yaqala ukukholelwa ukuba kukho iintlobo ezahlukeneyo ze ialoe vera.

Ezinye zinamabala amhlophe, ezinye ziluhlaza; amanye anamagqabi amade nacuthene kunabanye, okanye aneentyatyambo ezahlukeneyo. Kodwa Ukuba ufuna ukwazi ukuba kukho okanye iintlobo ezahlukeneyo ze ialoe vera, ke siya kukucacisela.

Ngaba kukho iintlobo ezahlukeneyo ze ialoe vera?

Impendulo yile: hayi. Kangangeminyaka emininzi, emininzi kwakucingwa njalo; Ngapha koko, ukuba siphanda i-taxonomy yayo, oko kukuthi, isayensi ejongene nokuhlela izinto eziphilayo ngokuzihlela ngokwamaqela anjengosapho okanye isini, siya kubona ukuba ukususela ngo-1753, apho uCarlos Linnaeus wayinika igama elithi ialoe vera, de kwangowe-1880, iye yabizwa ngamagama ahlukahlukeneyo afikelela kwi-17:

  • Ikhala barbadensis Miller., 1768.
  • Ikhala barbadensis Nantsi lapho. chinensis EHawaii, ngo-1819
  • Ikhala chinensis Steud. owayesakuba nguBaker, ngo-1877
  • ikhala elongata UMurray, 1789
  • ikhala flava Umntu, ngo-1805
  • Aloe ebonisa Royale, ngo-1839
  • Umkhonto wekhala Konke, ngo-1890.
  • Ikhala littoalis J. König owayesakuba nguBaker, ngowe-1880 nom. ayisebenzi
  • Ikhala maculata Forsk., 1775 nom. engekho semthethweni.
  • Ikhala perfoliata Nantsi lapho. barbadensis (Mill.) Aiton, 1789
  • Ikhala perfoliata Nantsi lapho. vera L., ngo-1753.
  • I-Aloe rubescens I-DC., 1799
  • Ikhala variegata Forsk,.1775 nom. engekho semthethweni.
  • ialoe vera Nantsi lapho. chinensis (Steud. ex-Baker) Baker, 1880
  • ialoe vera Nantsi lapho. sungula Baker, ngo-1880
  • ialoe vera Nantsi lapho. littoalis J. König owayesakuba nguBaker, ngowe-1880
  • Ikhala vulgaris ILam., 1783

Okwangoku, kuyaziwa ukuba kuzo zonke ezi, i-A. maculata, i-A. perfoliata kunye ne-A. variegata zintlobo ezintathu ze-Aloe ngaphandle kwe-A. vera.. Ezinye zizithethantonye, ​​nto leyo ethetha ukuba zingamagama achaza uhlobo olufanayo: A. vera.

ialoe vera enamabala okanye engenawo amabala

Ikhala luhlobo olulodwa

Umfanekiso – Flickr/Fotero

Amabala amhlophe esiwabona ngamanye amaxesha emagqabini anokubangela ukubhideka okukhulu. Ngaba ziindidi ezahlukeneyo? Akunjalo konke konke: ngokulula, Bancinane kunabo bangenazo;. Ngokwenene: a ialoe vera Xa iselula, iqhelekile ukuba ibe namagqabi aluhlaza anamachokoza amhlophe, kodwa njengoko ikhula, iyeka ukuba namaninzi, kwaye ngamanye amaxesha ezi azikho.

Kwaye hayi, ijeli ialoe vera enamabala akukho ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi inzuzo kunokuba lowo ngaphandle. Ngaphezu koko, iyafana. Ngoku kunjalo Kuya kufuneka ukhumbule ukuba kufuneka ulinde de isityalo sibe neminyaka emi-4 ubudala kwaye siqhakaze, ekubeni ukuba utsala amagqabi kwikhala eliselula, uya kuthothisa ukukhula kwalo yaye unokulenza buthathaka.

Ikhala lineempawu ezininzi
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Ikhala: iipropati

Ziziphi iimpawu ze ialoe vera?

Sisityalo esinokuba okanye singabi naso isiqu esincinci malunga neesentimitha ezingama-30 ubude, apho irosette yamagqabi aluhlaza intshula, enamabala okanye engenawo amabala., kunye nenyama ukuya kwiisentimitha ezingama-50 ubude malunga neesentimitha ezi-7 ububanzi. Imiphetho yayo inamazinyo anzima ukuwaphatha kodwa angenabungozi kwaphela, kuba inomlinganiselo weemilimitha ezi-2. Ukususela kwiminyaka emi-4 ubudala iqala ukuqhakaza, ivelise ingqungquthela yeentyatyambo kunye neentyantyambo eziphuzi ezinobude obunokufikelela kwi-1 mitha.

Intyatyambo yekhala ityheli
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Injani intyatyambo yeAloe vera?

Ithanda ukuvelisa iisuckers ezininzi kubomi bayo bonke, nangona ezi zinokwahlulwa lula kwisityalo sikamama nje ukuba zifike kwi 10 centimeters ubude kwaye zityalwe kwenye indawo. Oku kuya kwenziwa entlakohlaza, xa amaqondo obushushu aphantsi angaphezulu kwe-15ºC.

Ziziphi iintlobo zekhala ezinokubhidaniswa kunye ialoe vera?

Kukho iqela lekhala elilinywa ngokubanzi elifana ne-A. vera, elifana nezi zilandelayo:

Iarlo arborescens

Ikhala aborescens sisityalo esinamatyholo

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / Ton Rulkens

El Iarlo arborescens Sisityalo esinamatyholo esifikelela kubude obuyi-1-1,5 yeemitha. Inamagqabi aluhlaza, anemida yamazinyo. Iintyatyambo zayo ziqokelelwe zibe ngamaqela, kwaye zibomvu-orenji ngombala. Ezi zihluma ebusika-entwasahlobo, kodwa kuthatha iminyaka eliqela ukudubula.

Ikhala elistata (ngoku UAristaloe aristata)

Ikhala i-aristata sisityalo esinencindi

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Yercaud-elango

Eyayibizwa ngokuba yi Ikhala elistata, Luhlobo lwesityalo esinencasa esinamagqabi amnyama aluhlaza angamaxantathu anamachokoza amhlophe angalahleki. Eziphelweni zabo banohlobo lweenwele ezimhlophe ezimfutshane kakhulu, malunga ne-1 centimeter ubude. Ikhula ifike kwi 10-15 centimeters ubude, nangona inokufikelela kwi 40 centimeters ububanzi kuba ivelisa iisuckers. Iintyatyambo zibomvu, kwaye zivela entwasahlobo.

Ikhala maculata (ngaphambili I-Aloe saponaria)

I-Aloe saponaria luhlobo lwekhala

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / Digigalos

El Ikhala maculata Sisityalo esinamagqabi aluhlaza mnyama anamachokoza amhlophe, ngokungafaniyo ne-A. vera, ahlala eyigcina. Ikhula ifikelele kwi-50 centimeters ukuphakama, kwaye ivelise iisuckers zisencinci, ezinokuthi zihlulwe entwasahlobo-ehlobo. Iintyatyambo zayo zibomvu eziorenji, kwaye idubula ebusika nasentwasahlobo.

Ikhala x delaetii

Ikhala delaetii sisimuncumuncu

Umfanekiso – cactus-shop.com

Ingumxube phakathi Ikhala ciliaris x Ikhala succothrin, que inamagqabi aluhlaza ngokupheleleyo, engenamabala, enencam ecolekileyo. Ifikelela kwi-50 yeesentimitha ubude, kwaye ivelise iintyatyambo eziluhlaza-orenji. Ikhula ngokukhawuleza, kwaye ikhupha iisuckers ngokukhawuleza.

Ngoko ke, kukho uhlobo olunye kuphela ialoe vera, kwaye ngokuchanekileyo, ialoe vera.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1.   UCarmen Maza sitsho

    Ikhathalogu egqwesileyo yeAloe, ngakumbi ukuchongwa kohlobo ngalunye kuba abantu abaninzi babhidanisa iAloe vera yokwenyani nabanye. Ikhala lineentyantyambo ezityheli kwaye amagqabi awo made kakhulu. Ndiyabulisa