Mammillaria apho

Imammillaria kukho icactus encinci

Umfanekiso -Flickr / Resenter1

La Mammillaria apho Yicactus encinci kakhulu, kangangokuba nokuba ifikelela ebudaleni ungayikhetha ngesandla esinye ngaphandle kwengxaki. Nangona inameva, azinabungozi ebantwini; Ngapha koko, xa iphathwa, umzekelo ukutshintsha imbiza, kuya kufuneka ulumke kakhulu kuba kungenjalo sinokubasusa.

Oku akuyi kubangela monakalo, ngokuqinisekileyo ayisiyongozi, kuba ziya kuphinda zikhule ngexesha elifutshane. Kodwa kungcono ukwenza izinto kakuhle, kwaye uthathe ixesha eliyimfuneko, uzama ukungonakalisi isityalo. Kodwa injani le cactus? Y, Sinyanyekelwa njani?

Imvelaphi kunye neempawu ze Mammillaria apho

I-Mammillaria theresae yicactus encinci kakhulu

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / Amante Darmanin

La Mammillaria apho Yicactus encinci, ehlala eMexico, ngakumbi eDurango, apho ihlala entlango, ihlala phakathi kwamatye, njengoko ubona kumfanekiso ongentla. Umzimba wayo uyi-globose nangona ihlala ikhula imile kwikholamu kule minyaka idlulileyo, ifikelela kwiisentimitha ezi-5 ukuphakama nge-1-3 yeesentimitha ubukhulu.. Ihlala ikhula yodwa, kodwa ayiqhelekanga ukuba isebe.

Njengazo zonke wengelo Ixabisa ityuwa yayo, inamaqhuma amaninzi emzimbeni wayo abizwa ngokuba zii-tubercles. Ezi zi-cylindrical, kwaye ekugqibeleni zine-areola, apho kuvela khona i-22-35 ye-radial spines yombala omhlophe kunye neentsiba onazo iintlobo. Hluma kwakhona iintyatyambo, ezimfusa okanye ezimhlophe kwaye zimalunga neesentimitha ezi-2 ububanzi. Isiqhamo sincinci kakhulu, siyisentimitha enye ubude, kwaye sinembewu emnyama.

Kusengozini yokuphela ngokutsho kuLuhlu oluBomvu lwe-International Union yoLondolozo lweNdalo (IUCN).

Uzikhathalela njani?

Ukuba awunasithuba se-cacti enkulu, kwaye / okanye uthanda ezincinci, kunokuba yinto enomdla kakhulu ukuyifumana Mammillaria apho. Kodwa kufuneka kuthiwe iyanyanzelisa, kuba umzekelo Ukuba inkcenkceshelwa ngokungaphezulu kwemfuneko iyabola ngokukhawuleza, kwaye ukuba ityalwe kumhlaba odibeneyo iyathamba ize ekugqibeleni ife.

Ngesi sizathu, kubalulekile ukuba wazi ukuba zithini na iimfuno zakho ukuze ikwazi ukukhula kakuhle. Ke, ukongeza, siya kuyenza ichume lonke ixesha lonyaka.

Ubicación

Yicactus leyo Kufuneka ibekwe kwindawo apho ichaneke khona elangeni. Kodwa ke lumka ngale nto, kuba ukuba bebenayo ngaphakathi kwigumbi lokugcina abantwana, akufuneki siyiveze kwinkosi yenkosi nje ukuba sifike ekhaya kuba kungenjalo iya kutsha. Ukuthintela oku, kungcono kakhulu ukuyibeka ngaphandle, emoyeni ovulekileyo, kodwa emthunzini (ngokucacileyo kakhulu).

Emva kweentsuku ezili-15, sinokuqala ukuyiqhela kancinci kancinci, siyibeke elangeni iveki yonke kangangexesha elincinci. Ukuba ngaxa lithile sibona ukuba iyaqala ukutshisa, ngaphambi kokuba iye kokuninzi siyakubeka emthunzini. Kancinci kancinci uza kuliqhela ilanga.

Umhlaba okanye i-substrate

I-Mammillaria theresae yicactus encinci yeentyatyambo

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / Michael Wolf

  • Jadini: ikhula kumhlaba oyisanti okanye onamatye, yiyo loo nto ifuna umhlaba ukuba ukhuphe amanzi ngokukhawuleza, kwaye wome ngokukhawuleza xa umanzi. Ke ngoko, ukuba sifuna ukuba nayo egadini, kuyacetyiswa kakhulu ukwenza umngxunya omalunga ne-50 x 50cm, kwaye ugqume amacala ayo ngaphandle kwesiseko esinombala wokufiphaza. Le mesh iyakuthintela i-substrate esiza kuyibeka, eyi-cheekbone, ekuxubeni kunye nomhlaba wegadi. Emva koko, sidibanisa le pumice sele ikhankanyiwe, kwaye silima icactus.
  • Imbiza yeentyatyambo: kuba inovakalelo kakhulu kukuxinana kwamanzi, ndicebisa ukuba kusetyenziswe iziqwenga zohlobo lwepumice (xa kuthengiswa apha), Okanye akadama (iyathengiswa apha) Kiryuzuna (iyathengiswa apha) ngokulinganayo, ngakumbi ukuba sihlala kwindawo apho ukufuma kuphezulu.

Unkcenkceshelo kunye nombhalisi

Unkcenkceshelo yeyona ilula, kuba ngenene kufuneka sinkcenkceshele Mammillaria apho xa i-substrate yomile ngokupheleleyo. Sisityalo esixhathisa imbalela kakuhle, ke akufuneki ukuba sizikhathaze kakhulu ngale nto. Ngapha koko, kufuneka unkcenkceshele kube kanye ngeveki, kwaye nangaphantsi kobusika.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, Umbhalisi siya kuyenza ngamaxesha athile entwasahlobo nasehlotyeni. Ukuba isemhlabeni, iya kuba ilungile kwizichumisi okanye kwizichumisi ezigutyiweyo okanye umgubo, kodwa ukuba isembizeni kungangcono usebenzise izichumisi okanye izichumisi ezingamanzi kwi-cacti (ezinje enye). Ngayiphi na imeko, kuya kufuneka ulandele imiyalelo ekhonteyina ukuze ungatshisi iingcambu.

Ukuphindaphinda

Iphindaphindwa ngembewu, ngamanye amaxesha ngokusikwa. Elona xesha lilungileyo lentwasahlobo, kwanasekuqaleni kwehlobo. Imbewu iya kuhlwayelwa kwiitreyi ezibanzi kunokuba zide, kunye ne-substrate ye-cacti. Nje ukuba zibekwe elangeni okanye emthunzini omncinci, kufuneka zigcinwe kunye ne-substrate efumileyo kodwa zingabi namanzi. Ngale ndlela ziya kuhluma malunga nenyanga.

Ukusikwa kuthathwe kumasebe avela kwi Mammillaria apho. Kodwa kufuneka balinganise ubuncinci beesentimitha ezi-2, kwaye kufuneka banqunyulwe ngemela ebifakwe iintsholongwane ngaphambili. Ukongeza, kulungile ukumitha isiseko ngehomoni yokuxhasa, emva koko ubatyale kwiimbiza ezine-vermiculite. Ukuba zibekwe emthunzini, ziya kuncothula emva kweentsuku ezili-15.

Iindyikitya zokufa nezifo

Yicactus enokuba nayo mealybugs. Ngoku, isibetho esenza owona monakalo yi isineyile kunye nee-slugs, ke ngoko kubalulekile ukuba bahlale kude nesityalo.

Mealybugs zohlobo lwePseudococcus
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Ungayisusa njani i-mealybugs kwi-cacti?

Ukongeza, xa kusongezwa amanzi amaninzi kunokuba kukho imfuneko, iingcambu zibasesichengeni sokungenwa zizifo ezidluliswa kukungunda, ezinjenge phytophthora.

Ukusebenza ngokukhawuleza

Ukumelana neqabaka ezibuthathaka kakhulu ukuya kuthi ga -1 ° C.

I-Mammillaria apho yi-cactus yaseMexico

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / Michael Wolf

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