Banja Crassulaceae

Crassula ovata ndi wa banja la Crassulaceae

Mitundu yonse ya nyama ndi zomera ndi ya chomwe chimadziwika kuti banja. Ngati tizingolankhula za ufumu wazomera, izi zidzakhala botany. Chabwino: Mwa mabanja onse omwe alipo padziko lapansi a okoma, mwina omwe ali ofunikira kwambiri, chifukwa ali ndi mitundu yamtengo wapatali yosavuta kusamalira, ndiye Mpweya.

Akuyerekeza kuti pali pafupifupi 1400 osiyanasiyana (kupatula ma cultivars ndi hybrids), omwe ali gawo la 35 genera. Ndipo ngakhale amapezeka kwambiri kumpoto kwa hemisphere ndi kumwera kwa Africa, titha kunena kuti (ndizosatheka) kusakhala ndi aliyense wokoma mtima, kulikonse padziko lapansi.

Kodi mawonekedwe a Crassulaceae ndi otani?

The Crassulaceae, kapena crassulaceae, Ndi herbaceous, subshrub, arboreal ndipo, kawirikawiri, zomera zam'madzi. Mitundu yambiri imakhala kumadera ouma kapena ouma kwambiri, komwe madzi amasowa ndipo kutentha kumakhala kotentha kwambiri. Zotsatira zake, masambawo amakhala malo osungira madzi amtengo wapatali, chifukwa amakhala ndi moyo munthawi yovuta kwambiri.

Masambawa ndi osavuta, koma makonzedwe amasiyana pamitundu ina: ena ndi ena, ena motsutsana, ena oyambira ma roseti ... Mtunduwo amathanso kukhala wosiyana, ngakhale ndichizolowezi kuti iwo akhale amtundu wobiriwira. Ponena za maluwawo, ndi ma hermaphrodites, nthawi zambiri amakhala oyera, ndipo zipatso zake zimauma, mu makapisozi kapena ma follicles. Mkati mwake muli nthanga zazing'ono zamtundu wakuda.

Kodi amajambula photosynthesize motani? CAM kagayidwe kake

Zomera izi zimapanga photosynthesize mosiyana ndi, mwachitsanzo, mitengo kapena zitsamba zomwe timakonda kuwona m'minda. Mukakhala kumadera otentha kwambiri masana, kupulumutsa madzi ndikofunikira.

Kwa izo, zasintha kuti photosynthesize magawo awiri: usiku, womwe umayamwa mpweya woipa ndi kuusungira mu vacuoles ngati malic acid; ndi kusintha, komwe asidi uyu amatulutsidwa m'mitengo kuti apange chakudya, chomwe ndi chakudya chawo.

Gulu lalikulu la banja Crassulaceae

Mitundu yofunikira kwambiri komanso yotchuka ya crassulaceae ndi iyi:

Adromischus

Adromischus ndi zomera zokoma

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Petar43

Adromischus ndizomera zazing'ono zokoma kwambiri, zomwe kufika masentimita 2-5 kutalika kwambiri, kufalikira kumwera kwa Africa. Masambawa ndi ofiira, ozungulira, obzala kapena opindika. Maluwa ake amachokera pakatikati pa munthu aliyense, amapanga kukwera.

Pali mitundu pafupifupi 28 yolandiridwa, yomwe Adromischus cooperi ndizofala kwambiri.

Aeonium

Aeoniums ndi subshrub zomera

ndi Aeonium Ndiwo mtundu wazomera zazitsamba zomwe zimachokera makamaka kuzilumba za Canary, komanso ku Madeira, Morocco komanso kum'mawa kwa Africa. Masamba ake amakhala osalala, obiriwira kapena obiriwira., ndipo nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi tsinde la pafupifupi masentimita 30 kutalika kwake.

Pali mitundu 75 yolandiridwa, mtundu womwe ulipo Aeonium arboreum.

Cotyledon

Cotyledon ndi gawo la banja la Crassulaceae

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / JMK

Ma Cotyledons Ndi mbewu zopezeka kumwera kwa Africa, masamba ake ndi amtundu, komanso amtundu wosiyana kwambiri (Pali zobiriwira, zonyezimira, zozungulira kapena zazitali, ndi zina zambiri). Ena amatha kutalika kwa masentimita 60. Maluwawo amachokera ku phesi la maluwa, ndipo nthawi zambiri amakhala lalanje.

Pali mitundu 12 yolandiridwa, yotchuka kwambiri ndiyo Cotyledon orbiculata.

Crassula

Crassula ndi chomera chokoma cha shrubby

Mtundu wa Crassula umayimiriridwa m'malo ambiri padziko lapansi, koma mitundu yolimidwa kwambiri ndi yochokera ku South Africa. Amatha kutalika kwa masentimita 20, kapena mpaka 2,5 mita. Masambawa ndi ofunda, obiriwira nthawi zonse kapena osasunthika, ndipo maluwawo amakhala m'magulu a inflorescence.

Pali mitundu yonse ya 620. Mwa awa, ena mwa otchuka kwambiri ndi crassula ovata y Crassula arborescens.

echeveria

Echeveria ndi osatha crassulaceae

Chikhalidwe cha echeveria Ndi chimodzi mwazokonda, kuchokera pazomwe ndakwanitsa kutsimikizira potenga nawo gawo pazomera, komanso m'magulu a Facebook a okoma. Ndi achiwerewere omwe amakhala kumwera chakumadzulo kwa United States, Mexico, Central America, ndi kumpoto kwa South America. Masambawa ndi amtundu, owerengeka, komanso amitundu yosiyanasiyana (wobiriwira, wabuluu, pinki). Kuchokera pakatikati pa rosette iliyonse pamamera tsinde lamaluwa, komanso lamankhwala, lofiirira, lalanje, wachikasu, loyera, lobiriwira kapena pinki maluwa a hermaphroditic.

Akuti pali mitundu 393, mtundu wamtunduwu Echeveria coccinea. Kukula pamtunda, tikupangira Zilumba za Echeveria, echeveria laui ndi / kapena echeveria subrigida.

Kalanchoe

Kalanchoe ndi crassulaceous yosatha

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Forest & Kim Starr

Kalanchoe ndi zitsamba kapena zitsamba, nthawi zambiri zimakhala zosakhalitsa ngakhale kuti pamakhala zaka zambiri kapena zakale, zopezeka ku Old and New World, ngakhale zili zambiri ku Madagascar. Amafika kutalika komwe sikupitilira mita imodzi, kapena kumatha kufika 6 mita. Masamba ndi ofiira, obiriwira komanso obiriwira, ndipo m'mphepete mwake muli magalasi, opindika kapena owoneka ngati dzino. Maluwa ake amawoneka oterera, ma corymbs kapena ma cymes, ndipo ndi achikasu kapena ofiira.

Pali mitundu 125, ndiyo yomwe takusankhirani izi: Khalanchoe beharensis, Kalanchoe orryalis y kalanchoe pinnata.

Chobiriwira

Sedum ndi mtundu wazomera zopanda pake

Mtundu wa Sedum umapangidwa ndi zomera zapachaka kapena zosatha zomwe zimakhala m'malo ozizira kapena ozizira padziko lonse lapansi. Masamba ndi ofewa, osalala kapena ozungulira, amitundumitundu. Maluwawo ndi hermaphroditic, nthawi zambiri amakhala achikasu.

Pali mitundu pafupifupi 400 yovomerezeka, monga Sedum maekala kapena Album ya Sedum.

sempervivum

Sempervivum ndi zitsamba zokoma

Timatha ndi mtundu wa Sempervivum. Ndi kwawo ku Western Europe, ndipo Amakula ndikupanga ma rosettes a masamba ofiira, ocheperako kapena atatu, amtundu wobiriwira. Maluwawo amagawidwa mu inflorescence ndipo ndi achikaso, ofiira kapena pinki kutengera mitundu. Pambuyo maluwa, rosette imeneyo imamwalira.

Pali mitundu pafupifupi 30, yomwe timayang'ana Sempervivum arachnoideum y Semperviulum tectom.

Mukuganiza bwanji za zomera za banja la Crassulaceae?


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  1.   Rene Cruz anati

    Ndi Banja lokhala ndi mitundu yabwino kwambiri, yomwe iyenera kufufuzidwa mozama za mankhwala