Aeonium

Maonekedwe a Aeonium variegada

ndi Aeonium Ndi amodzi mwazomera zokoma kwambiri zomwe titha kukhala nazo m'munda, khonde kapena panjira. Malingana ngati akuwunikiridwa ndi dzuwa ndikulandila madzi nthawi ndi nthawi, amakula zomwe zingakhale zosangalatsa kuwona nyengo ndi nyengo.

Amasinthasintha, kotero kuti popanda kukayika tikulankhula zabwino kwambiri, kapena zabwino koposa, zokoma oyamba kumene-ochezeka komanso kwa iwo omwe safuna kapena / kapena kutaya nthawi yochuluka pa zokolola zawo.

Chiyambi ndi mawonekedwe a Aeonium

Ndi mtundu wazomera zokhala ndi mitundu pafupifupi 75 yopangidwa kuchokera kuzilumba za Canary koposa zonse, komanso kuchokera ku Madeira, Morocco ndi East Africa. Ndi a banja la a Crassulaceae, ndipo amadziwika ndi kupanga rosette yamasamba pa tsinde lomwe nthawi zambiri limawongoka kapena kutsetsereka pang'ono.

M'nyengo yozizira amatulutsa inflorescence wamaluwa oyera kapena achikasu omwe samabala zipatso. M'malo mwake, nthambi ikagwera ndikugwera pansi, imazula popanda zovuta m'masiku ochepa.

Mitundu yayikulu

Ndi awa:

Aeonium arboreum

Onani za Aeonium arboreum

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / James Steakley

Amadziwika kuti mtengo wobiriwira nthawi zonse, immortelle, piñuela kapena garchosilla, ndipo ndi mtundu wobadwira ku Morocco. Imafikira kutalika kwazitali masentimita 90, Ndipo amayamba zimayambira kumene kumamera rosettes ya masamba obiriwira pafupifupi 15-20cm m'mimba mwake. Maluwawo amakhala m'magulu a inflorescence pafupifupi 15 masentimita ndipo amakhala achikaso.

Amakana mpaka -4ºC.

Aeonium arboreum 'Atropurpureum'
Onani za Aeonium arboreum 'Atropurpureum'

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Agnieszka Kwiecie?, Nova

Ili ndi mawonekedwe ofanana ndi am'mbuyomu, koma masamba ake ndi abulauni, ndichifukwa chake imakonda kukopa chidwi.

Zowonjezera

Onani za Aeoonium canariense

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Opuntia

Amadziwika monga beque, ndi mtundu wobadwira kuzilumba za Canary, makamaka La Gomera. Zimakhala zimayambira zazifupi, zowongoka komanso zowirira, zomwe sizimayambira nthambi, ndikuchokera mphukira ya rosettes yamasamba otulutsa m'mimba mwake pakati pa 15 ndi 45 masentimita, Mtundu wobiriwira.

Imalimbana ndi chisanu mpaka -2ºC.

Aeonium haworthii

Maonekedwe a Aeonium haworthii

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / PantaRhei

Ndi mitundu yabadwa kuzilumba za Canary, makamaka Tenerife, yomwe imafika kutalika pafupifupi masentimita 40-50. Imakhala ndi masamba obiriwira, okhala ndi 6 mpaka 11cm m'mimba mwake. Maluwawo ndi ochepa, oyera mtundu.

Amakana mpaka -4ºC.

Luso lancerottense

Mawonekedwe a Aeonium lacerottense okhala

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Frank Vincentz

Ndi chomera chokhazikika ku Canary Islands, chomwe Amakhala ndi chizolowezi chomangokhala ngati nkhwangwa. Masamba amakhala m'magulu a rosettes okhala ndi mainchesi opitilira 5 masentimita, komanso amtundu wobiriwira wobiriwira. Maluwawo ndi apinki.

Imalimbana ndi chisanu mpaka -2ºC.

Aeonium tabuliform

Maonekedwe a Aeonium tabulaeforme

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Bluemoose

Dzina lake loyambirira lasayansi ndi Aeonium tabulaeform, ndipo ndi ochokera kuzilumba za Canary, makamaka Tenerife. Amakhala ndi masamba osalala, okhala ndi pakati pakati pa 15 ndi 30 sentimita, Mtundu wobiriwira. Maluwawo amagawidwa mu inflorescence wachikasu wotumbululuka.

Ndi kugonjetsedwa ndi kuzizira, mpaka 0 madigiri.

Kodi ali ndi nkhawa zotani?

Ngati mukufuna kukhala nayo, tikukulimbikitsani kuti mupereke chisamaliro chotsatirachi:

Malo

Ndiwo mbewu zomwe Ayenera kukhala kunja, kudera lomwe dzuwa limawala tsiku lonse bola azolowera. Ngati mugula imodzi yomwe anali nayo m'nyumba, muyenera kuzolowera pang'ono ndi pang'ono pang'onopang'ono kuti muwone kuwala kwa nyenyezi yamfumu, apo ayi masamba ake amatha.

Dziko lapansi

  • Poto wamaluwa: mudzaze ndi gawo lonse lapansi losakanikirana ndi 30-40% perlite kapena ofanana (arlite, dongo lamapiri, mchenga wa quartz, etc.).
  • Munda: osafuna bola ngati ili ndi ngalande zabwino.

Kuthirira

Onani maluwa a Aeonium

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Javier Sanchez Goalkeeper

Wamkati mpaka wotsika. Nthaka kapena gawo lapansi liyenera kuloledwa kuti liume kaye musanathirenso, popeza ma Aeoniums amakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi madzi owonjezera. Pachifukwa ichi, ndikofunikanso kukumbukira kuti, ngati mukukula mumphika, simuyenera kuyika mbale pansi pake kapena mkati mwa mphika wopanda mabowo.

Wolembetsa

Kukhala mbewu zomwe zimamera mchaka ndi chilimwe ndipo nthawi zambiri zimaphuka nthawi yozizira, choyenera ndikuwalipira chaka chonse (kupatula m'nyengo yozizira ngati kutentha kumatsika -4ºC) ndi feteleza winawake wa cacti ndi zokometsera, kapena powonjezera supuni ziwiri zazing'ono (za khofi) masiku aliwonse a 15 a Nitrophoska wabuluu.

Njira ina ndikumuphatikiza ndi zinthu zopangidwa ndi organic, monga guano (gwiritsani ntchito madzi ngati muli nawo mumphika) kapena manyowa a nyama zodyetsa.

Chifukwa chake, mudzakhala ndi Aeonium yathanzi labwino, yokhoza kumenya nkhondo popanda mavuto tizilombo tomwe timayambitsa matenda ndi tizilombo tomwe timatha kukhala tizirombo.

Kuchulukitsa

Monga tanena kale, samakonda kupereka mbewu polima. Ngati amatero, amafesedwa masika m'mabedi okhala ndi mabowo m'munsi, odzazidwa ndi gawo lapansi lonse. Koma ngati mukufuna kukhala ndi mtundu watsopano mwachangu, tikukulangizani kuti muwuchulukitse ndi cuttings a tsinde.

Izi zimadulidwa masika kapena chilimwe, ndipo zimabzalidwa mumiphika iliyonse yokhala ndi mchenga wa quartz, pumice kapena zina, ndikuziyika pamalo owala panja koma zotetezedwa ku dzuwa. Pafupifupi masiku 15-20 adzazula.

Miliri ndi matenda

Zimakhala zosagonjetseka, koma zimatha kukhudzidwa ndi mealybugs ndi nkhono. Popeza ndizomera zazing'ono, mutha kuzichotsa pamanja, kapena ngati mungakonde ndi mankhwala achilengedwe monga dziko lapansi.

Nthawi yobzala kapena kubzala

En primavera, pamene chiopsezo chachisanu chatha.

Kukhazikika

Zimatengera mitundu, koma Mwambiri amalimbana ndi chisanu chofooka komanso mwachidule mpaka -4ºC.

Aeonium ndi chomera chokoma

Mukuganiza bwanji za Aeonium?


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