Chomera kangaude (Sempervivum arachnoideum)

Kangaude akhoza kukhala wobiriwira

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Guérin Nicolas

La kangaude Ndizosangalatsa kwambiri ndipo ndikuti mkati mwa tsamba lililonse lamasamba mumakhala ubweya wambiri, womwe ungasokonezeke ndi ukonde wa kangaude. Kudziwika kumeneku kuyenera kuwonjezeredwa kwina komwe, mosakaika konse, kuli kochititsa chidwi kwa iwo omwe akufuna kukulitsa: kukhazikika kwake.

Imakana kuzizira bwino, komanso chisanu, chifukwa chomwe imamera popanda mavuto kunja kumadera onse otentha padziko lapansi. Koma ngakhale sizovuta kusamalira, zinthu zina ziyenera kuganiziridwa zomwe tidzafotokoze pansipa.

Chiyambi ndi mawonekedwe a kangaude

Chomera cha kangaude ndi chokongola kwambiri

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / magnolia1000 wochokera ku Canada

Ndi crass kapena non-cactus wokoma yemwe dzina lake lasayansi ndi Sempervivum arachnoideum. Amadziwikanso kuti kangaude wobiriwira nthawi zonse, wobiriwira nthawi zonse, ndi kangaude kosatha, komanso, kangaude. Amakula kuthengo ku Alps, Apennines ndi Carpathians.

Ngati tikulankhula za kukula kwake, Imakula pafupifupi mainchesi atatu m'litali ndi mainchesi 8 m'lifupi, Kupanga ma rosettes a masamba obiriwira obiriwira kapena ofiira kutengera mitundu. M'chilimwe (chakumapeto kwa mwezi wa Julayi kumpoto kwa dziko lapansi) maluwa apinki amachokera ku hermaphroditic.

Monga chidwi, kunena kuti Royal Horticultural Society idamupatsa diploma ya Merit (mutha kuyifunsa Apa).

Kodi mumazisamalira bwanji?

Zomera za kangaude sizovuta kusamalira. Kukula kwake mwachangu komanso kukhazikika kwake kumapangitsa kuti ikhale yolimbikitsa kwambiri kwa iwo omwe akufuna kulowa, ndi phazi lamanja, mdziko la okoma. Komanso, ngati zomwe mukuyang'ana ndi zomwe sizikusowa, iyi ndi imodzi mwazomwe mungasankhe.

Izi zati, tiyeni tiwone chisamaliro chomwe chiyenera kuchitidwa kuti chikule bwino:

Malo

Ikani anu Sempervivum arachnoideum m'dera lotetezedwa pang'ono ku dzuwa, monga pawindo lomwe limayang'ana kumpoto chakum'mawa. Izi ndizofunikira kwambiri ngati mumakhala m'malo okhala ndi kutentha kwakukulu kapena komwe kutentha nthawi yotentha kumadutsa 30ºC, chifukwa mwanjira imeneyi ndizotheka kuteteza masamba ake kuti asayake.

Sindikulimbikitsa kuti ukhale m'nyumba, chifukwa kuwala sikokwanira nthawi zonse, komanso ndi chomera chomwe chimafunikira kumva nyengo zikudutsa.

Dziko lapansi

  • Poto wamaluwa: mphika wogwiritsa ntchito uyenera kukhala wokulirapo kuposa wakuya, ndikukhala ndi mabowo m'munsi mwake kuti madzi azitha kutuluka akamathiridwa. Monga gawo lapansi mutha kugwiritsa ntchito peat wakuda wakuda ndi perlite mgawo limodzi.
  • Munda: kangaude ndi kochepa kwambiri, koma ngati yabzalidwa m'magulu, ndipo momwe imapangidwira, popita nthawi imatha kukhala miyala yokongola kwambiri. Inde, dziko lapansi liyenera kukhala lowala, lophulika. Amakula bwino m'nthaka yamiyala.

Kuthirira

Maluwa a kangaude ndi ofiira

Chithunzi - Flickr / Michael Mueller

Kuthirira kuyenera kukhala koyenera. Si chomera chomwe chimalimbana ndi chilala komanso Haworthia, koma simusowa kuti muzidziwa bwino. Pamenepo, Kuthirira kumalimbikitsidwa gawo lapansi kapena dothi litataya chinyezi.

Zikafika pounyowetsanso, uyenera kuthira madzi mpaka utuluke kudzera m'mabowo a chidebecho, kapena mpaka dothi lakhala lonyowa kwambiri.

Wolembetsa

M'ngululu ndi chilimwe mutha kulipira Sempervivum arachnoideum ndi feteleza wamadzi wa cacti ndi zina zokomaInde, kutsatira malangizo phukusi, apo ayi pakhoza kukhala chiopsezo cha bongo. Ngati mukufuna, gwiritsani ntchito feteleza, monga guano kapena kompositi.

Kuchulukitsa

Ndi chomera chomwe chimachulukitsa ndi mbewu, koma pafupipafupi ndi oyamwa masika mpaka nthawi yotentha:

Mbewu

Kuchulukitsa ndi mbewu Muyenera kuwabzala m'miphika yayikulu kuposa momwe aliri amtali, yodzazidwa ndi gawo lapansi lophatikizidwa ndi perlite Mwachitsanzo. Ayikeni pamwamba ndipo musawaike m'manda kwambiri, mokwanira kuti mphepo singathe kuwanyamula.

Kenako ikani bedi la mbewu panja, pamalo otetezedwa ku dzuwa, ndipo gawolo likhale lonyowa. Ngati zikuyenda bwino, zimera m'masiku 20-30.

Achinyamata

Kuchulukitsa kwa oyamwa kumathamanga. Zomwe muyenera kuchita ndi sankhani choyamwa chomwe mukufuna kulekanitsani, kumbani mizu yake pang'ono, kenako mudzabzale mumphika umodzi. Kuchokera pamenepo, muyenera kusamalira monga chomera cha mayi.

Miliri ndi matenda

Chomera cha kangaude chimakula m'miphika

Chithunzi - Flickr / PINKE

Kangaude Nthawi zambiri samakhala ndi tizilombo kapena matenda. Komabe, ngati chilimwe chili chotentha komanso chowuma, sikoyenera kuthana ndi zovuta za mealybugs, zomwe zimachotsedwa ndi burashi yaying'ono ndi madzi okhala ndi madontho ochepa a sopo.

Munthawi yamvula, isungeni kuti mutetezeke ku nkhono ndi ma slugs, chifukwa nyama izi zimakonda kudya mphukira zokoma.

Kukhazikika

El Sempervivum arachnoideum imalimbana ndi kuzizira komanso chisanu cha mpaka -7ºC.

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