Mitundu ya Aloe vera

Aloe vera ndi mtundu wapadera

Chithunzi - Wikimedia/MidgleyDJ

Aloe vera ndi mtundu wotchuka kwambiri: timalima m'minda ndi m'minda, komanso m'mabwalo kapena m'makonde. Timachigwiritsanso ntchito kuti tipindule, pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ake. Zilipo pakati pathu moti zinayamba kukhulupirira kuti pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Aloe vera.

Ena okhala ndi mawanga oyera, ena obiriwira; ena okhala ndi masamba aatali ndi ocheperapo kuposa ena, kapena okhala ndi maluwa osiyanasiyana. Koma Ngati mukufuna kudziwa ngati pali kapena mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Aloe vera, pamenepo tidzakufotokozerani.

Kodi pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Aloe vera?

Yankho ndi: ayi. Kwa zaka zambiri, ambiri ankaganiza choncho; M'malo mwake, ngati tifufuza za taxonomy, ndiko kuti, sayansi yomwe imakhudza kugawa zamoyo poziika m'magulu monga banja kapena jenda, tiwona kuti kuyambira 1753, pomwe Carlos Linnaeus adachitcha dzina la Aloe vera, mpaka 1880, lapatsidwa mayina osiyanasiyana 17:

  • aloe barbadensis Miller, 1768.
  • aloe barbadensis Pali. chinensis Hawaii, 1819
  • aloe chinensis Steud. Baker wakale, 1877
  • aloe elongata Murray, 1789
  • aloe flava Munthu, 1805
  • aloe amasonyeza Royale, 1839
  • Mkondo wa Aloe Chaka chonse, 1890.
  • Aloe littoalis J. König wakale Baker, 1880 nom. zosavomerezeka
  • aloe maculate Forsk., 1775 dzina illeg.
  • Aloe perfoliata Pali. barbadensis (Mill.) Aiton, 1789
  • Aloe perfoliata Pali. vera L., 1753.
  • Aloe rubescens A.D., 1799
  • aloe variegated Forsk, 1775 dzina illeg.
  • Aloe vera Pali. chinensis (Steud. ex-Baker) Baker, 1880
  • Aloe vera Pali. kuyambitsa Baker, 1880
  • Aloe vera Pali. litoralis J. König wakale Baker, 1880
  • aloe vulgaris Chaka, 1783

Pakali pano, zikudziwika kuti mwa zonsezi, A. maculata, A. perfoliata ndi A. variegata ndi mitundu itatu ya Aloe kupatula A. vera. Zina zonse ndi zofanana, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti ndi mayina omwe amatchula zamoyo zomwezo: A. vera.

Aloe vera ndi kapena opanda mawanga

Aloe vera ndi mtundu wapadera

Chithunzi - Flickr/Fotero

Madontho oyera omwe nthawi zina timawawona pamasamba amatha kusokoneza kwambiri. Kodi ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana? Ayi: mophweka, amene ali nazo ali ang'ono kuposa amene alibe. Inde: a Aloe vera Ali wamng'ono, ndizofala kuti masamba obiriwira ali ndi mawanga oyera, koma pamene akukula, amasiya kukhala ndi zambiri, ndipo nthawi zina izi sizimakhalapo.

Ndipo ayi, gel osakaniza Aloe vera wokhala ndi mawanga ndi wopanda phindu kapena wocheperapo kuposa wina wopanda. Komanso, ndi zofanana. Tsopano inde zimenezo muyenera kukumbukira kuti muyenera kudikirira mpaka mbewuyo ikhale yosachepera zaka 4 ndikuphuka, popeza mutazula masamba a aloe wamng’ono, mungachedwetse kakulidwe kake ndipo mungafooke.

Aloe vera ali ndi zinthu zambiri
Nkhani yowonjezera:
Aloe vera: katundu

Makhalidwe ake ndi otani Aloe vera?

Ndi chomera chomwe chingakhale kapena chisakhale ndi tsinde laling'ono kutalika kwa masentimita 30, momwe rosette ya masamba obiriwira imamera, yokhala ndi mawanga kapena opanda mawanga., ndi minofu mpaka masentimita 50 m’litali ndi pafupifupi 7 centimita m’lifupi. M’mphepete mwake ndi osongoka, okhala ndi mano ovuta kuwagwira koma osavulaza konse, chifukwa amalemera pafupifupi mamilimita awiri. Kuyambira zaka 2 zimayamba kuphuka, kutulutsa gulu lamaluwa ndi maluwa achikasu omwe kutalika kwake kumatha kufika mita imodzi.

Duwa la Aloe vera ndi lachikasu
Nkhani yowonjezera:
Kodi duwa la Aloe vera ndi chiyani?

Imakonda kutulutsa zoyamwitsa zingapo m'moyo wake wonse, ngakhale izi zimatha kupatukana mosavuta ndi mbewu ya mayi zikangofika 10 centimita muutali ndikubzalidwa kwina. Izi zidzachitika mu kasupe, pamene kutentha kupitirira 15ºC.

Ndi mitundu yanji ya aloe yomwe ingasokonezedwe ndi Aloe vera?

Pali aloye angapo omwe amalimidwa kwambiri omwe amafanana ndi A. vera, monga awa:

Aloe arborescens

Aloe aborescens ndi chomera chamtchire

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Ton Rulkens

El Aloe arborescens Ndi chomera chamtchire chomwe chimafika kutalika kwa 1-1,5 metres. Ili ndi masamba obiriwira a glaucous, okhala ndi m'mphepete mwa mano. Maluwa ake ali m'magulumagulu, ndipo ali ndi mtundu wofiira-lalanje. Izi zimamera m'nyengo yozizira-kasupe, koma zimatenga zaka zingapo kuti zipange maluwa.

Aloe aristata (tsopano Aristaloe aristata)

Aloe aristata ndi chomera chokoma

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Yercaud-elango

Omwe amadziwika kuti Aloe aristata, Ndi mtundu wa chomera chokometsera chomwe chili ndi masamba obiriwira amtundu wa katatu wokhala ndi madontho oyera omwe samataya. Pamapeto pake amakhala ndi tsitsi lalifupi kwambiri loyera, pafupifupi 1 centimita lalitali. Imakula mpaka 10-15 centimita muutali, ngakhale imatha kufika 40 centimita m'lifupi popeza imapanga zoyamwitsa. Maluwa ndi ofiira, ndipo amawonekera masika.

aloe maculate (kale aloe soapwort)

Aloe saponaria ndi mtundu wa aloe

Chithunzi - Wikimedia / Digigalos

El aloe maculate Ndi chomera chokhala ndi masamba obiriwira akuda okhala ndi mawanga oyera omwe, mosiyana ndi A. vera, amasunga nthawi zonse. Imakula mpaka masentimita 50 muutali, ndipo imatulutsa zoyamwitsa akadali aang'ono, zomwe zimatha kupatulidwa mu kasupe-chilimwe. Maluwa ake ndi ofiira lalanje, ndipo amamasula m'nyengo yozizira ndi masika.

Aloe x delaetii

Aloe delaetii ndi chokoma

Chithunzi - cactus-shop.com

Ndi haibridi pakati aloe ciliaris x Aloe succothrin, que ali ndi masamba obiriwira kwathunthu, zopanda mawanga, zokhala ndi m'mphepete mwake. Imafika masentimita 50 muutali, ndipo imatulutsa maluwa obiriwira-lalanje. Imakula mwachangu kwambiri, ndipo imatulutsanso ma suckers posachedwa.

Choncho, pali mtundu umodzi wokha wa Aloe vera, ndipo ndiye kuti, Aloe vera.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1.   carmen maza anati

    Katundu wabwino kwambiri wa Aloe, makamaka chizindikiritso cha mtundu uliwonse chifukwa anthu ambiri amasokoneza Aloe vera weniweni ndi ena. Aloe vera ali ndi maluwa achikasu ndipo masamba ake ndi aatali ndithu. Moni