Intsapho yeCrassulaceae

UCrassula ovata ungowosapho lakwaCrassulaceae

Zonke iintlobo zezilwanyana nezityalo zezento zokwaziwa njengosapho. Ukuba sithetha ngobukumkani bezityalo, iya kuba yibhotani. Kulungile ke: kuzo zonke iintsapho ezikhoyo kwihlabathi lee-succulent, mhlawumbi yeyona ibaluleke kakhulu, kuba ineentlobo ezixabisekileyo ekulula ukuzinyamekela, Crassulaceae.

Kuqikelelwa ukuba kukho malunga ne-1400 eyahlukileyo (ngaphandle kwemihlanganisela kunye neehybrids), eziyinxalenye yezifo ezingama-35. Kwaye nangona zifumaneka ikakhulu kumantla e-hemisphere kunye nase-Afrika esemazantsi, singathi (phantse) akunakwenzeka ukuba kungabikho nakuphi na ukuqokelelwa kweesucculents, naphina emhlabeni.

Zithini iimpawu zeCrassulaceae?

I-Crassulaceae, okanye i-crassulaceae, Ziyi-herbaceous, subshrub, arboreal kwaye, kunqabile, zizityalo zasemanzini. Uninzi lweentlobo zihlala kwimimandla eyomileyo okanye eyomileyo, apho amanzi anqabileyo kwaye amaqondo obushushu angaba phezulu kakhulu. Ngenxa yoko, amagqabi aba zizisele zolwelo oluxabisekileyo, ukuze zihlale ziphila ngamaxesha anzima kakhulu.

La magqabi alula, kodwa ulungelelwaniso luyahluka ukusuka kolunye uhlobo ukuya kolunye: ezinye ziyashintshana, ezinye zichasene, ezinye iirosettes ezisisiseko ... Umbala unokwahluka, nangona kuqhelekile ukuba zibe zeziluhlaza. Ngokubhekisele kwiintyatyambo, zii-hermaphrodites, zihlala zimhlophe, kwaye iziqhamo zomile, njengezingxobo okanye iifollic. Ngaphakathi ziqulathe iimbewu ezincinci ezinombala omnyama.

Benza njani ifotosinthesize? ICAM metabolism

Ezi zityalo zenza ifotosinthesize ngendlela eyahlukileyo kunaleyo, umzekelo, imithi okanye izihlahla esihlala sizibona egadini. Xa uhlala kwindawo apho amaqondo obushushu aphezulu kakhulu emini, ukonga amanzi kubalulekile.

Kungenxa yoko, iguquke yaya kwiifotosinthesize ngokwamanqanaba amabini: ubusuku, apho bathatha khona i-carbon dioxide kwaye bayigcine kwii-vacuoles njenge-malic acid; nasemini, apho le asidi ikhutshelwa kwizityalo ukwenza iicarbohydrate, ezikukutya kwabo.

Uhlobo oluphambili losapho lweCrassulaceae

Olona hlobo lubalulekileyo noludumileyo lwe-crassulaceae zezi zilandelayo:

UAdromischus

I-Adromischus zizityalo ezimnandi

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / Petar43

I-Adromischus zizityalo ezincinci kakhulu ezinencasa, ethi ukufikelela kwi-2-5 iisentimitha ukuphakama ubuninzi, ixhaphake kumazantsi eAfrika. Amagqabi ayinyama, ajikelezwe, ayizityalo okanye amile okwe wedge. Iintyatyambo zivela embindini womntu ngamnye, zenza ispiki.

Kuqikelelwa ukuba kukho iintlobo ezingama-28 ezamkelweyo I-Adromischus cooperi yeyona ixhaphakileyo.

IAeonium

I-Aeoniums zizityalo ze-subshrub

Los IAeonium Luhlobo lwezityalo ze-subshrub ezivela ikakhulu kwiiCanary Islands, kodwa naseMadeira, eMorocco nakwinxalenye esempuma yeAfrika. Amagqabi ayo athe tyaba ngakumbi, aluhlaza okanye amdaka ngombala., kwaye ihlala ikhulisa isiqu esimalunga neesentimitha ezingama-30 ukuphakama ngokomndilili.

Kukho iindidi ezingama-75 ezamkelweyo, uhlobo lolo luhlobo IAeonium arboreum.

ICotyledon

ICotyledon yinxalenye yosapho lakwaCrassulaceae

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / JMK

IiCotyledons zizityalo ezikwiindawo ezikumazantsi eAfrika, amagqabi ayo ayinyama, kwaye anemibala eyahlukileyo kakhulu nokumila (Kukho okuluhlaza, okutyebileyo, okusondeleyo okanye okude, njl. Abanye banokufikelela kubude beesentimitha ezingama-60. Iintyatyambo zivela kwisiqu seentyatyambo, kwaye zihlala ziorenji.

Zili-12 iintlobo ezamkelweyo, ezona zaziwa kakhulu yile ICotyledon orbiculata.

Crassula

ICrassula sisityalo esimnandi esinezihlahla

Uhlobo lweCrassula lumelwe kwiindawo ezininzi zehlabathi, kodwa ezona ntlobo zilinywa kakhulu zivela eMzantsi Afrika. Banokufikelela kubude beesentimitha ezingama-20, okanye ukuya kuthi ga kwiimitha ezi-2,5. Amagqabi ayinyama, ahlala eluhlaza okanye aqaqambile, kwaye iintyatyambo ziqokelelwe kwii-inflorescence.

Kukho iintlobo ezingama-620 zizonke. Kwezi, ezinye zezona zidumileyo zezi ICrassula ovata y ICrassula arborescens.

echeveria

I-Echeveria yi-crassulaceae engapheliyo

Isini echeveria Yenye yeentandokazi, ukusuka kwinto endikwazileyo ukuyiqinisekisa ngokuthatha inxaxheba kwiiforum zezityalo, nakumaqela e-Facebook eesucculents. Ziyinyani ehlala kumazantsi-ntshona eMelika, eMexico, kuMbindi Merika, nakumantla oMzantsi Merika. Amagqabi ayinyama, ajikelezwe ngamehlo, kwaye anemibala eyahlukeneyo (luhlaza, luhlaza, pinki). Ukusuka embindini we-rosette nganye kuhluma isiqu seentyatyambo, sikwinyama, sinobomvu, orenji, tyheli, mhlophe, luhlaza okanye pinki iintyatyambo zehermaphroditic.

Kuqikelelwa ukuba kukho iindidi ezingama-393, uhlobo olo lukhoyo Echeveria coccinea. Sincoma ukuba sikhule kwi-terrace Elegans zeEcheveria, echeveria laui kunye / okanye I-Echeveria subrigida.

Kalanchoe

I-Kalanchoe yinto engapheliyo ye-crassulaceous

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Ihlathi kunye noKim Starr

I-Kalanchoe izihlahla okanye i-herbaceous, zihlala zihlala zihlala zihlala zihlala zihlala zihlala zihlala zihlala zihlala zihlala zihlala zihlala zihlala zikho kwi-Old and New World, nangona zininzi kakhulu eMadagascar. Bafikelela kubude obungadluli kwimitha enye, okanye banokufikelela kwiimitha ezi-6. Amagqabi ayinyama, aluhlaza ngombala, kwaye imiphetho iyacocwa, iyagcwala okanye imile okwezinyo. Iintyatyambo zivela kwi-panicles, kwi-corymbs okanye kwi-cymes, kwaye zi-orenji okanye bomvu ngombala.

Kukho iindidi ezili-125, ezizezona sizikhethele oku kulandelayo: I-Kalanchoe yokuziphatha, Kalanchoe orryalis y kalanchoe pinnata.

ISedum

I-Sedum luhlobo lwezityalo ezinomdla

Uhlobo lweSedum lwenziwa zizityalo zonyaka okanye ezingapheliyo ezihlala kwimimandla eshushu okanye ebandayo kwihlabathi liphela. Amagqabi ayinyama, asicaba okanye ombindi, anemibala eyahlukeneyo. Iintyatyambo zi-hermaphroditic, zihlala zimthubi ngombala.

Kukho malunga ne-400 yeentlobo ezamkelweyo, ezinje nge Indawo yeSedum okanye I-albhamu yeSedum.

ISempervivum

I-Sempervivum inezityalo ezinomdla

Siphela ngohlobo lweSempervivum. Inzalelwa eNtshona Yurophu, kwaye Ikhula yenze iirosettes zamagqabi anenyama, ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi koonxantathu, ngombala oluhlaza. Iintyatyambo ziqokelelwe kwii-inflorescence kwaye zimthubi, zibomvu okanye pinki kuxhomekeke kudidi. Emva kokudubula, loo rosette iyafa.

Kukho iintlobo ezingama-30, esigqamisa kuzo ISempervivum arachnoideum y ISempervivum tectorum.

Ucinga ntoni ngezityalo zosapho lakwaCrassulaceae?


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  1.   URené Cruz sitsho

    Yintsapho eneentlobo ezibalaseleyo, ekufuneka iphandwe nzulu ngokusetyenziswa kwamayeza